nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2014‒03‒30
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. Open Access Journals & Academics' Behaviour By Migheli, Matteo; Ramello, Giovanni B.
  2. Access to research inputs: Open science versus the entrepreneurial university By Czarnitzki, Dirk; Grimpe, Christoph; Pellens, Maikel
  3. Scientific mobility: An analysis of Germany, Austria, France and Great Britain By Conchi, Sonia; Michels, Carolin
  4. Determinants of Research Production at Top Universities By Quentin Max David

  1. By: Migheli, Matteo; Ramello, Giovanni B.
    Abstract: The rising star of scholarly publishing is Open Access. Even some traditional journals now offer this option on author payment, and many full freely accessible journals are now available to scholars, providing relief to research institutions increasingly unable to afford the escalating subscription rates of serials. However, proper recognition of full Open Access journals by the community remains a major obstacle to overcome if they are to become a viable alternative for scholarly communication. Through a survey, this work investigates economics scholars’ attitudes to OA, and attempts to outline the state of practices and norms governing individuals’ publication choices.
    Keywords: Open Access, Scholarly Communication, Research, Journals
    JEL: L17 L86 O33 Z13
    Date: 2014–03
  2. By: Czarnitzki, Dirk; Grimpe, Christoph; Pellens, Maikel
    Abstract: The viability of modern open science norms and practices depend on public disclosure of new knowledge, methods, and materials. However, increasing industry funding of research can restrict the dissemination of results and materials. We show, through a survey sample of 837 German scientists in life sciences, natural sciences, engineering, and social sciences, that scientists who receive industry funding are twice as likely to deny requests for research inputs as those who do not. Receiving external funding in general does not affect denying others access. Scientists who receive external funding of any kind are, however, 50% more likely to be denied access to research materials by others, but this is not affected by being funded specifically by industry. --
    Keywords: open science,research funding,industry sponsorship,research inputs
    JEL: O31 O32 L33
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Conchi, Sonia; Michels, Carolin
    Abstract: [Introduction ...] The structure of this report is as follows. It starts with a brief review of the literature on international research collaboration, scientific mobility and return migration and a brief introduction to German migration behavior. The introduction to the topic is followed by a description of the data (bibliometric data and data from online survey) and methods used in this report. A bibliometric data set of all German scientists was created to track their movements for a period of 10 years. In a second step, an online survey of German scientists was conducted that will be presented in chapter 3. It also contains a section on data validation in which the second research question is analyzed. The data from the online-survey was used to determine whether the scientists identified in the Scopus database are indeed German scientists and whether their travel behavior is consistent with the Scopus data. The fourth chapter presents the research results regarding scientific mobility in Germany. As a focus of this study is on German scientists movements, this is the most extensive analysis. It contains a country analysis and in particular analyzes which proportion of German scientists migrates and returns within 10 years. The same data analysis based on Scopus was conducted for the countries Austria, France and Great Britain. The results are compared to Germany to discover patterns of scientific mobility. Additionally a Scopus analysis of co-publications shows differences between scientists with international and national experience. A regression analysis shows effects on the amount of publications and citation rates of scientists with national or international experience. The results of the online survey provide additional information about reasons and motivations for staying abroad and networking through scientific mobility. Finally the research results are discussed in the concluding section. --
    Date: 2014
  4. By: Quentin Max David
    Abstract: In this paper, I analyze the determinants of research production by higher education institutionsin the United States. I use four measures to build an index of top-level academic researchproduction. I show that it is important to account for the presence of outliers in both dimensions(x and y axes), and that most top-ranked institutions can be considered outliers. I find thatuniversity income, the share of income devoted to research expenses, and faculty size significantlyincrease the ability of an institution to produce top-level academic research. I also show that therelationship between average professor quality (proxied by salary) and the production of researchis U-shaped, with a significant share of institutions located on the decreasing part of the curve.

This nep-sog issue is ©2014 by Jonas Holmström. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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