nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2013‒12‒20
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. Do more distant collaborations have more citation impact? By Nomaler; Frenken; Heimeriks
  2. Proximity and Stratification in European Scientific Research Collaboration Networks: A Policy Perspective By Hoekman; Frenken

  1. By: Nomaler; Frenken; Heimeriks
    Abstract: Internationally co-authored papers are known to have more citation impact than nationally co-authored paper, on average. However, the question of whether there are systematic differences between pairs of collaborating countries in terms of the citation impact of their joint output, has remained unanswered. On the basis of all scientific papers published in 2000 and co-authored by two or more European countries, we show that citation impact increases with the geographical distance between the collaborating counties.
    Keywords: citation impact, collaborations, distance, country effects
    Date: 2013–11
  2. By: Hoekman; Frenken
    Abstract: In this chapter we introduce a framework to understand the geography of scientific research collaboration with an emphasis on empirical studies that evaluate the policy efforts to create a ‘European Research Area’ (ERA). We argue that the geography of scientific research collaboration follows a logic of proximity that provides researchers with solutions to the problem of coordination, and a logic of stratification that provides researchers with differential means to engage in collaboration. The policy efforts to create ERA can then be understood as strategic policy interventions at the European level that affect the form and nature of both structuring principles. More specifically, the aim of reducing ‘fragmentation of research activities, programmes and policies’ affects the importance of several forms of proximity vis-à-vis each other, while the promotion of ‘research excellence’ results in new forms of network stratification at multiple spatial scales. We provide an overview of recent empirical findings to illustrate these claims, and discuss potential implications for future ERA policies.
    Keywords: collaboration, science, geography, proximity, stratification, Europe
    Date: 2013–11

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