nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2013‒09‒06
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. Publication activity in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) database in the context of Chinese science and technology policy from 1977 to 2012 By Fu, Junying; Frietsch, Rainer; Tagscherer, Ulrike
  2. Prizes and Productivity- How Winning the Fields Medal Affects Scientific Output By Kirk B. Doran; George J. Borjas
  3. GraduatesÕ emotional competency: aligning academic programs, firmsÕ requirements and studentsÕ profiles By Fabrizio Gerli; Sara Bonesso; Claudio Pizzi; Mariachiara Barzotto

  1. By: Fu, Junying; Frietsch, Rainer; Tagscherer, Ulrike
    Abstract: It is well known that the number of China's publications has increased at a remarkable rate over the last three decades. However, many related issues still remain unknown, like the scientific impact of those papers, the journals in which Chinese scientists publish their papers, and the relationship between the trend of China's publication activity and its S&T policy as well as other related governance issues. By using bibliometric methods, this paper finds that China's citation number which ranks fourth worldwide does not run parallel to the publication number that ranks second in the SCIE data-base, implying its publications haven't had the impact that was expected. Its citation rate ranks 78th though it has increased steadily. China's publications are mostly published in the lower impact journals but they attract more citations than the journals' expected values. China's S&T related inputs, including funding and personnel, have ex-hibited remarkable increasing trends during the four stages of S&T policies since 1977. Besides S&T investments, utilitarian practice nationwide may partly be responsible for the tremendous increase of SCI papers, especially when the performance-based evaluation system is mostly employed. It is essential to create a flexible environment and promote a scientific spirit combined with developing broader and more plural forms of the S&T assessment system, which would make developing an innovation country more realistic for China. --
    Date: 2013
  2. By: Kirk B. Doran (Department of Economics, University of Notre Dame); George J. Borjas (Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University)
    Abstract: Knowledge generation is key to economic growth, and scientific prizes are designed to encourage it. But how does winning a prestigious prize affect future output? We compare the productivity of Fields medalists (winners of the top Mathematics prize) to that of similarly brilliant contenders. The two groups have similar publication rates until the award year, after which the winners’ productivity declines. The medalists begin to “play the field,” studying unusual topics at the expense of writing papers. This strategy is consistent with a model of human capital investments under uncertainty: the wealth effect of the prize encourages riskier knowledge investments.
    Keywords: Knoweledge, Productivity, Prizes
    JEL: O31 J24 J22
    Date: 2013–08
  3. By: Fabrizio Gerli (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Sara Bonesso (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Claudio Pizzi (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice); Mariachiara Barzotto (Dept. of Management, Università Ca' Foscari Venice)
    Abstract: This study explores the still under-investigated phenomenon of the development of behavioral competencies in higher education settings. We carried out a study on a sample of graduate students enrolled in different disciplinary academic programs in a public University located in northern Italy. We analyzed their emotional, social and cognitive competencies (by adopting a research method that includes a multi-rater approach), comparing them with those expected by a sample of recruiting companies and with those developed by the teachers. Moreover, this study provides preliminary evidence on the impact of a set of characteristics related to the academic learning environment (such as the teaching methods) on the studentsÕ competency profile, correlating these variables with single competencies and clusters.
    Keywords: Emotional and social competencies, graduate students, higher education, behavioral competency, learning environment, competency development.
    JEL: I23 J24 M12 M51 M53
    Date: 2013–08

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