nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2013‒08‒31
six papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. External Influence as an Indicator of Scholarly Importance By Ho Fai Chan; Bruno S. Frey; Jana Gallus; Markus Schaffner; Benno Torgler; Stephen Whyte
  2. The Implications of Educational and Methodological Background for The Career Success of Nobel Laureates: Looking at Major Awards By Ho Fai Chan; Benno Torgler
  3. Optimal Pricing and Quality of Academic Journals and the Ambiguous Welfare Effects of Forced Open Access: A Two-sided Model By Mueller-Langer, Frank; Watt, Richard
  4. Awards Before and After the Nobel Prize: A Matthew Effect and/or a Ticket to one's own Funeral? By Ho Fai Chan; Laura Gleeson; Benno Torgler
  5. The Research Data Centre of the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW-FDZ) By Gottschalk, Sandra
  6. Author Identification in Economics, ... and Beyond By Thomas Krichel; Christian Zimmermann

  1. By: Ho Fai Chan; Bruno S. Frey; Jana Gallus; Markus Schaffner; Benno Torgler; Stephen Whyte
    Abstract: The external influence of scholarly activity has to date been measured primarily in terms of publications and citations, metrics that also dominate the promotion and grant processes. Yet the array of scholarly activities visible to the outside world are far more extensive and recently developed technologies allow broader and more accurate measurement of their influence on the wider societal discourse. Accordingly we analyze the relation between the internal and external influences of 723 top economics scholars using the number of pages indexed by Google and Bing as a measure of their external influence. Although the correlation between internal and external influence is low overall , it is highest among recipients of major key awards such as the Nobel Prize or John Bates Clark medal , and particularly strong for those ranked among the top 100 researchers.
    Keywords: Academia; Scholarly Importance; Role of Economics; Social Importance of Economists; External; Internal Influence; Academic Performance; Awards
    JEL: A11 A13 Z19
    Date: 2013–08
  2. By: Ho Fai Chan; Benno Torgler
    Abstract: Nobel laureates have achieved the highest recognition in academia, reaching the boundaries of human knowledge and understanding. Owing to past research, we have a good understanding of the career patterns behind their performance. Yet, we have only limited understanding of the factors driving their recognition with respect to major institutionalized scientific honours. We therefore look at the award life cycle achievements of the 1901 to 2000 Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry and physiology or medicine. The results show that Nobelists with a theoretical orientation are achieving more awards than laureates with an empirical orientation. Moreover, it seems their educational background shapes their future recognition. Researchers educated in Great Britain and the US tend to generate more awards than other Nobelists although there are career pattern differences. Among those, laureates educated at Cambridge or Harvard are more successful in Chemistry, those from Columbia and Cambridge excel in Physics, while Columbia educated laureates dominate in Physiology or Medicine.
    Keywords: Nobel Prize; Nobel Laureates; Awards; Recognition; Educational Background; Theory; Empirics; Chemistry; Physics; Physiology or Medicine
    JEL: M52 J33 Z13
    Date: 2013–06
  3. By: Mueller-Langer, Frank; Watt, Richard
    Abstract: We analyse optimal pricing and quality of a monopolistic journal and the optimality of open access in a two-sided model. The predominant aspect of the model that determines the quality levels at which open access is optimal is the nature of the (non-linear) externalities between readers and authors in a journal. We show that there exist scenarios in which open access is a feature of high-quality journals. Besides, we find that the removal of copyright (and thus forced open access) will likely increase both readership and authorship, will decrease journal profits, and may increase social welfare.
    Keywords: Two-sided markets; academic journals; open access; removal of copyright; welfare effects
    JEL: L11 L82 O34
    Date: 2013–08–21
  4. By: Ho Fai Chan; Laura Gleeson; Benno Torgler
    Abstract: This study explores whether awards breed further awards and what happens after a researcher receives the Nobel Prize. We therefore collected data on all the 1901 to 1980 Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry and medicine or physiology, looking at the number of awards received each year for 50 years before and after obtaining the Nobel Prize. The results indicate an increasing rate of awards before the Nobel Prize, reaching the summit precisely in the year of the Nobel Prize. After this pinnacle year, awards drop sharply. Such a result is also confirmed when looking at the three different disciplines separately and when conducting a random-effects negative binomial regression model. Moreover, Nobel laureates in medicine or physiology generate more awards shortly before and after the Nobel Prize while laureates in Chemistry attract more awards as time progresses.
    Keywords: Nobel prize; Nobel laureates; Matthew effect; awards; recognition
    JEL: M52 J33 Z13
    Date: 2013–05
  5. By: Gottschalk, Sandra
    Abstract: --
    Keywords: research data centre,provision of research data,Scientific-Use-Files
    JEL: C81
    Date: 2013
  6. By: Thomas Krichel; Christian Zimmermann
    Abstract: Identifying authorship correctly and efficiently is a difficult problem when the literature is abundant, but poorly recorded. Homonyms are tedious to differentiate. This paper describes how the field of economics has organized itself with respect to author identification. We describe the RePEc project with a special emphasis on the RePEc Author Service. We then discuss how the concept is currently being expanded to the entire scientific body with the AuthorClaim project.
    Keywords: ratswd, ratswd working paper, data sharing, datenmanagement, nachnutzung, deutschland, sekundärnutzung, replikation, datenverfügbarkeit, open access, forschungsinfrastruktur, metadaten, metadata, forschungsdatenzentrum, politikberatung, author identification, economics, authorclaim, repec
    JEL: A14
    Date: 2013

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