nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2010‒03‒28
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. Academic Rankings and Research Governance By Margit Osterloh; Bruno S. Frey
  2. Research standards for the Italian young academics: what has changed over the last thirty years? By Birolo, Adriano; Rosselli, Annalisa

  1. By: Margit Osterloh; Bruno S. Frey
    Abstract: Academic rankings today are the backbone of research governance, which seem to fit the aims of "new public management" on the one side and the idea of the "republic of science" on the other side. Nevertheless rankings recently came under scrutiny. We discuss advantages and disadvantages of academic rankings, in particular their unintended negative consequences on the research process. To counterbalance these negative consequences we suggest (a) rigorous selection and socialization, and (b) downplaying the impact of rankings in order to reconcile academic self-governance with accountability to the public.
    Keywords: peer reviews; rankings; research governance; psychological economics; new public management; economics of science; control theory
    JEL: H52 H83 I23 J44 L38
    Date: 2010–03
  2. By: Birolo, Adriano; Rosselli, Annalisa
    Abstract: In this paper the authors present the findings of their research on a vast database containing the relevant information on the scientific characteristics of the three cohorts of assistant professors recruited in Italy in the early 1980s, the 1990s and the first few years of the new millennium. Their first objective is to trace out the scientific profile of the assistant professor in the early 1980s and the changes that came about in the following twenty-five years due to general changes in the profession and in the specific conditions of the Italian academic market. The second aim is to see what turn in direction the scientific standard has taken for access to a career as a young professor of economics, the number and typology of publications, the fields of research.
    Keywords: evolution of the scientific standard; research output; “representative” economist; academic market for economists; evaluation
    JEL: B23 A11 A14 B41
    Date: 2009–12–05

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