nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2009‒02‒07
two papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. Factors Influencing Salaries of Agricultural Economics Professionals at Land Grant Institutions By Popp, Jennie; Abdula, Arby; Newton, Doris; Pittman, Dianne; Danforth, Diana
  2. Research Evaluation: the case of the Brazilian Research Centre for Swineand Poultry (CNPSA) By António Cipriano Pinheiro; Dirceu João Duarte Talamini

  1. By: Popp, Jennie; Abdula, Arby; Newton, Doris; Pittman, Dianne; Danforth, Diana
    Abstract: Research in the mid 1900s suggested that salary gaps existed between men and women in academia. Though the research helped bring attention to salary gaps, less focus was on causes of salary differences. More recent research suggested differences in salaries were based on performance. A survey was sent to agricultural economics professionals at land grant intuitions to identify the factors that influence their salaries. Results of the ordered probit model suggest that seven variables can be used to explain salaries: having attained tenure, working at an 1862 institution, the amount of grant dollars, the number of journal articles, highest academic rank and the percentage of appointment that is in administration (positive influences) and importance of family time (negative influence). Other variables tested – gender, ethnicity and other preferences – were not found to influence salary levels.
    Keywords: salary and performance, tracking survey, Institutional and Behavioral Economics, A11, A14,
    Date: 2009
  2. By: António Cipriano Pinheiro (Department of Economics, University of Évora); Dirceu João Duarte Talamini (Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Suínos e Aves (CNPSA), Santa Catarina, Brazil.)
    Abstract: On one hand, this paper traces some of the main features of research evaluation, points out some reasons why institutions want to have their research work evaluated, and presents the some of the main problems of evaluation. On the other hand, characterizes hog production, in the south Brazil, evaluates the technological progress occurred in this activity, between 1982 and 1998, and the contribution of the Brazilian National Research Centre (CNPSA). The results lead to the conclusions: there was an enormous technological progress in hog production; the roll CNPSA was decisive; the technological progress did not avoid a large number of hog producers went bankruptcy
    Keywords: research evaluation, animal production, swine, hog producers, poultry
    JEL: O33 Q16
    Date: 2009

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