nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2008‒03‒15
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. The Visibility of Ukrainian Economists 1969-2005 By Tom Coupe
  2. Identifying the Most Research Intensive Faculties of Business in Australia: A Multidimensional Approach By Valadkhani, Abbas; Ville, Simon
  3. The Rise and Fall of the American Jewish PhD By Chiswick, Barry R.
  4. Interconnection among Academic Journal Platforms: Multilateral versus Bilateral Interconnection By Doh-Shin Jeon; Domenico Menicucci

  1. By: Tom Coupe (Kyiv School of Economics and Kyiv Economics Institute)
    Abstract: This article studies the visibility of Ukrainian economists. It shows that the number of Ukrainians trained at Western universities is increasing fast and that these economists now start publishing in international journals. At the same time, Ukrainian economists residing and educated in Ukraine still rarely publish in international economics journals. An explanation for both findings is offered.
    Keywords: ranking, Ukraine, economists
    JEL: A10
    Date: 2008–03
  2. By: Valadkhani, Abbas (University of Wollongong); Ville, Simon (University of Wollongong)
    Abstract: There is a growing policy focus in Australian higher education on quantitative research performance assessment. However, most of the analysis has addressed aggregate performance at the institutional level, an approach inconsistent with recent policy emphasis on diversity among universities, and one that ignores performance variations across disciplines. Using averaged and all available data for 2000-2004, cluster analysis is used to classify Australian Commerce Faculties into groups that exhibit similar research performance, measured by publication, PhD completion and secured competitive research grant funding. We also use factor analysis to generate full-multidimensional rankings within the resulting two or three clusters. It is found that in terms of total research output, with the exception of Adelaide all the Go8 members plus UTS and Griffith always belong to “Clusters A”. However, when research performance is expressed in per academic staff terms, an additional eleven universities join this same cluster. Our results additionally show that eight Australian faculties of Commerce not only possess low total research output but their per capita performance is also poor.
    Keywords: Faculties of Business, Australian higher education, Cluster analysis, Factor analysis
    JEL: A11 A19 C63 I29
    Date: 2008
  3. By: Chiswick, Barry R. (University of Illinois at Chicago)
    Abstract: This paper is concerned with trends over the post-WWII period in the employment of American Jews as College and University teachers and in their receipt of the PhD. The empirical analysis is for PhD production from 1950 to 2004 and Jews are identified by the Distinctive Jewish Name (DJN) technique. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses are reported. Central roles are played in the regression analysis by variables for military conscription, the Korean and Vietnam Wars, and US government funding for research and development. Among the DJNs, the simple data show that male PhD graduates increased in number in the post-war period up to early 1970s, and declined thereafter. Among DJN women, however, annual PhD production increased throughout the period. The ratio of DJN to all PhDs declined throughout the period for both men and women. Other variables the same, male DJN PhD production increased to about 1967 and then declined, while for DJN females it increased throughout the period. The ratio of DJN to all PhDs started to decline among men in the 1950s and continued thereafter, while among women the DJN share increased until about 1979, and then declined. These data are consisted with the hypothesis that discrimination against Jews in salaried professional occupations declined in the post-WWII period earlier in College and University teaching than in other sectors of the economy that do not require a PhD degree for employment.
    Keywords: American Jews, education, discrimination, gender
    JEL: I21 J71 J44
    Date: 2008–03
  4. By: Doh-Shin Jeon; Domenico Menicucci
    Abstract: Electronic academic journal platforms provide new services of text and/or data mining and linking, indispensable for efficient allocation of attention among over- abundant sources of scientific information. Fully realizing the bene.t of these ser- vices requires interconnection among the platforms. Motivated by CrossRef, a mul- tilateral citation linking backbone, this paper performs a comparison between a multilateral interconnection regime and a bilateral one and finds that publishers are fully interconnected in the former while they may partially break connectivity in the latter for exclusion or di¤erentiation motives. Surprisingly, if partial intercon- nection arises for di¤erentiation motive, exclusion of small publisher(s) occurs more often under the multilateral regime than under the bilateral one. In addition, we show that our main result is robust in the case of Internet Backbone interconnec- tion. Finally, when publishers can interconnect both in a multilateral way and in a bilateral way, a conflict between a private incentive and a social incentive may arise when large publishers prefer excluding small publishers by opting for a bilateral interconnection. In this case, a light-handed regulation imposing no discrimination among rivals would foster full interconnection.
    Keywords: Multilateral Interconnection, Bilateral Interconnection, Academic Journals, Internet, Platforms
    JEL: D4 K21 L41 L82
    Date: 2008–03

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