nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2007‒11‒17
three papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. How to Get Tenured (in Germany, in Economics) By Michael Graber; Andrey Launov; Klaus Wälde
  2. On Diffusion of Ideas in the Academic World: the Case of Spatial Econometrics By Nikias Sarafoglou; Jean H.P. Paelinck
  3. The Impact of National Research Funds: An Evaluation of the Chilean FONDECYT By José Miguel Benavente; Gustavo Crespi; Alessandro Maffioli

  1. By: Michael Graber; Andrey Launov; Klaus Wälde
    Abstract: Getting a tenured position in economics in Germany is viewed as a random outcome where the probability of tenure depends on the quantity and qual- ity of publications, age and years since PhD. We measure publications both in units of Top 5 journals and in units of the European Economic Review (EER). We find that the average age of a professor in the year of his …rst appointment in Germany in the period of 1970 to 2005 is 38. This is ap- proximately 8 years after the PhD. He has 1.5 "standardized" Top 5 papers or 2.2 "standardized" EER papers, i.e. written with one coauthor and of 20 pages length. Results vary across subfields and over time. Someone aiming for a tenured job after 2010 should by then (average over all fields) have 3.3 standardized Top 5 papers or 5 standardized EER papers
    Date: 2007–08
  2. By: Nikias Sarafoglou; Jean H.P. Paelinck
    Abstract: Spatial econometrics is a fast-growing field in the series of quantitative disciplines, auxiliaries of economics and related social sciences. Space, friction, interdependence, spatiotemporal components, externalities and many other aspects interact and should be treated adequately in this field. The publication of the Paelinck and Klaassen book in the late 1970s generated virtually the field spatial econometrics This article studies the diffusion of spatial econometrics, through experienced history on the one hand, on the other through bibliometric methods. Although this field was an “Invisible College” up to 2006 (absence of any organization in form of association, conference, journal, etc.), the databases depict a fast diffusion in the past and strong prospects for the future.
    JEL: B2 B4 C4 C5 R1
    Date: 2007–09
  3. By: José Miguel Benavente (INTELIS, Department of Economics, University of Chile); Gustavo Crespi (International Development Research Centre); Alessandro Maffioli (Inter-American Development Bank)
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the role of National Research Funds in promoting scientific production in emerging economies. The investigation focuses on the impact of the Chilean National Science and Technology Research Fund (FONDECYT). The analysis uses data drawn from international sources of bibliometric information combined with the administrative records of the program executing unit. To measure the program’s impact, we implement a Regression Discontinuity (RD) design on projects submitted for funding between 1988 and 1995. The results do not show any significant impact either in terms of publications or in terms of quality of publications in the proximity of the program threshold ranking. Although results show that the program has been partially effective in identifying the best projects in terms of expected quality, evidence suggests that the FONDECYT’s lack of impact may be due to targeting problems in terms of both researchers and research projects.
    Keywords: FONDECYT; Chile; Economics of Science; Scientific Grants; Regression-discontinuity Analysis; Policy Evaluation.
    JEL: O30 O38 H43
    Date: 2007–10

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