nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2007‒04‒14
four papers chosen by
Jonas Holmström
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. An empirical assessment of co-activity among German professors By Czarnitzki, Dirk; Glänzel, Wolfgang; Hussinger, Katrin
  2. Replication in Economics By Daniel S. Hamermesh
  3. Regulation and marketisation in the Portuguese higher education system By Miguel Portela; Nelson Areal; Carla Sá; Fernando Alexandre; João Cerjeira; Ana Carvalho; Artur Rodrigues
  4. Knowledge management in higher education. A conceptual analysis By Ferrer, Julian; Ríos, Manriquez

  1. By: Czarnitzki, Dirk; Glänzel, Wolfgang; Hussinger, Katrin
    Abstract: The growing importance of technology relevant non-publication output of university research has come into the focus of policy-makers’ interest. A fierce debate arose on possible negative consequences of the increasing commercialization of science, as it may come along with a reduction in research performance. This paper investigates the relationship between publishing as a measure of scientific output and patenting for German professors active in a range of science fields. We combine bibliometric/technometric indicators and econometric techniques to show that patenting positively correlates with, first, the publication output and, second, with publication quality of patenting researchers.
    Keywords: academic inventors, patents, publications
    JEL: O31 O32 O34
    Date: 2006
  2. By: Daniel S. Hamermesh
    Abstract: This examination of the role and potential for replication in economics points out the paucity of both pure replication -- checking on others' published papers using their data -- and scientific replication -- using data representing different populations in one's own work or in a Comment. Several controversies in empirical economics illustrate how and how not to behave when replicating others' work. The incentives for replication facing editors, authors and potential replicators are examined. Recognising these incentives, I advance proposals aimed at journal editors that will increase the supply of replication studies, and I propose a way of generating more scientific replication that will make empirical economic research more credible.
    JEL: A14 B41 C59
    Date: 2007–04
  3. By: Miguel Portela (Universidade do Minho - NIPE, Tinbergen Institute and IZA Bonn); Nelson Areal (Universidade do Minho - NEGE); Carla Sá (Universidade do Minho - NIPE); Fernando Alexandre (Universidade do Minho - NIPE); João Cerjeira (Universidade do Minho - NIPE); Ana Carvalho (Universidade do Minho - NEGE); Artur Rodrigues (Universidade do Minho - NEGE)
    Abstract: This paper builds on the ongoing discussion on regulation and marketisation of higher education. It aims at investigating the higher education market (des)equilibrium. Teixeira, Rosa and Amaral (2004) have analysed the presence/absence of market mechanisms in the Portuguese higher education sector. We go a step further in quantifying the (mis)mactching between demand and supply, by suggesting and computing a set of indicators, which provide the starting point for a ranking-based analysis. Institutional rankings are central to overcome the problem of absence of information on quality in higher education systems, which is a basic requirement for a real higher education market.
    Keywords: higher education market, demand, supply
    JEL: I21 I28
    Date: 2007
  4. By: Ferrer, Julian; Ríos, Manriquez
    Abstract: Knowledge management represents a field study with a growing interest in several areas. By this, it is necesary to make a detailed analyss about possible impacts in diferent perspectives. Specially, universities must be considered as knowledge managers in its own nature, under their main functions: research, academics, continue education. This work has a main objetive to determinate the KM organizational impact in universities.
    Keywords: Knowledge management; higher education; university
    JEL: D83 I21
    Date: 2006–10

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