nep-sog New Economics Papers
on Sociology of Economics
Issue of 2007‒01‒06
one paper chosen by
Jonas Holmstrom
Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration

  1. Demand for Higher Education Programs: The Impact of the Bologna Process By Ana Rute Cardoso; Miguel Portela; Carla Sá; Fernando Alexandre

  1. By: Ana Rute Cardoso (IZA and University of Minho); Miguel Portela (Tinbergen Institute, NIPE-University of Minho and IZA); Carla Sá (Tinbergen Institute and NIPE-University of Minho); Fernando Alexandre (NIPE-University of Minho)
    Abstract: The Bologna process aims at creating a European Higher Education Area where intercountry mobility of students and staff, as well as workers holding a degree, is facilitated. While several aspects of the process deserve wide public support, the reduction of the length of the first cycle of studies to three years, in several continental European countries where it used to last for four or five years, is less consensual. The paper checks the extent of public confidence in the restructuring of higher education currently underway, by looking at its implications on the demand for academic programs. It exploits the fact that some programs have restructured under the Bologna process and others have not, in Portugal. Precise quantification of the demand for each academic program is facilitated by the rules of access to higher education, in a nation-wide competition, where candidates must list up to six preferences of institution and program. We use regression analysis applied to count data, estimating negative binomial models. Results indicate that the programs that restructured to follow the Bologna principles were subject to higher demand than comparable programs that did not restructure, as if Bologna were understood as a quality stamp. This positive impact was reinforced if the institution was a leader, i.e. the single one in the country that restructured the program. Still an additional increase in demand was experienced by large programs that restructured to offer an integrated master degree, thus conforming to Bologna principles while not reducing the program duration.
    Keywords: education policy, European Higher Education Area, economic, social and cultural integration, count data
    JEL: I28 I21 F15
    Date: 2006–12

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