nep-soc New Economics Papers
on Social Norms and Social Capital
Issue of 2022‒11‒21
six papers chosen by
Fabio Sabatini
Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza”

  1. Social Media and Newsroom Production Decisions By Julia Cagé; Nicolas Hervé; Béatrice Mazoyer
  2. Building Trust in the State with Information : Evidence from Urban Punjab By Khan,Adnan; Nasim,Sanval; Shaukat,Mahvish Ifrah; Stegmann,Andreas
  3. Honesty in the City By Dufwenberg, Martin; Feldman, Paul; Servátka, Maroš; Tarrasó, Jorge; Vadovič, Radovan
  4. Gender Inequality, Social Capital, and Economic Growth in Turkey By Barış Alpaslan; Brendan Burchell
  5. Should Mothers Work? How Perceptions of the Social Norm Affect Individual Attitudes Toward Work in the U.S. By Patricia Cortes; Gizem Koşar; Jessica Pan; Basit Zafar
  6. Informal institution meets child development By Tang, Can; Zhao, Zhong

  1. By: Julia Cagé (ECON - Département d'économie (Sciences Po) - Sciences Po - Sciences Po - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR); Nicolas Hervé (INA - Institut National de l'Audiovisuel); Béatrice Mazoyer (Médialab - Médialab (Sciences Po) - Sciences Po - Sciences Po)
    Abstract: Social media affects not only the way we consume news, but also the way news is produced, including by traditional media outlets. In this paper, we study the propagation of information from social media to mainstream media, and investigate whether news editors' editorial decisions are influenced by the popularity of news stories on social media To do so, we build a novel dataset including a representative sample of all the tweets produced in French between August 1st 2018 and July 31st 2019 (1.8 billion tweets, around 70% of all tweets in French) and the content published online by 200 mainstream media outlets. We then develop novel algorithms to identify and link events on social and mainstream media. To isolate the causal impact of popularity, we rely on the structure of the Twitter network and propose a new instrument based on the interaction between measures of user centrality and "social media news pressure" at the time of the event. We show that story popularity has a positive effect on media coverage, and that this effect varies depending on the media outlets' characteristics, in particular on whether they use a paywall. Finally, we investigate consumers' reaction to a surge in social media popularity. Our findings shed new light on our understanding of how editors decide on the coverage for stories, and question the welfare effects of social media.
    Keywords: Internet,Information spreading,News editors,Network analysis,Social media,Twitter,Text analysis
    Date: 2022–05–31
  2. By: Khan,Adnan; Nasim,Sanval; Shaukat,Mahvish Ifrah; Stegmann,Andreas
    Abstract: Can communication designed to increase support for government policy and shift perceptions of state capacity redress deep-rooted mistrust in state institutions? This paper finds providing information on past state effectiveness, highlighting citizens' cooperation in enabling past effectiveness or appealing to religious authorities' support for government policy have limited impact on support for policy, perceptions of state capacity and trust in the state in Pakistan. This holds true on average and across important dimensions of heterogeneity after accounting for experimenter demand. This paper highlights the limits of using information to build trust in state institutions, and the importance of measuring experimenter demand.
    Keywords: Public Health Promotion,Health Care Services Industry,Educational Sciences
    Date: 2020–11–04
  3. By: Dufwenberg, Martin; Feldman, Paul; Servátka, Maroš; Tarrasó, Jorge; Vadovič, Radovan
    Abstract: Lab evidence on trust games involves more cooperation than conventional economic theory predicts. We explore whether this pattern extends to a field setting where we are able to control for (lack of) repeat-play and reputation: the taxi market in Mexico City. We find a remarkably high degree of trustworthiness, even with price-haggling which was predicted to reduce trustworthiness.
    Keywords: trustworthiness, honesty, reciprocity, field experiment, haggling, taxis, Mexico City
    JEL: C72 C90 C93
    Date: 2022–09–18
  4. By: Barış Alpaslan; Brendan Burchell
    Abstract: Although sociologists have already recognised the gender aspect of social capital, to date it has not yet been systematically investigated in an endogenous growth model. In pursuing this objective theoretically, we draw on Agénor and Canuto (2015) that has offered a three-period (childhood, adulthood, and old age) gender-based Overlapping Generations (OLG) framework, but we explore a different mechanism through which social capital may explain gender equality and prospects for economic growth in Turkey. This paper contributes in several ways to understanding the pivotal role of social capital in the process of economic development. First, social capital gives individuals a great sense of community and feelings of pleasure, and therefore we consider social capital as a possible driving factor of labour productivity. Second, in our model setting, survival rate for adults is determined by the average social capital level of men and women because individuals who are less socially integrated are more likely to have high mortality rates than people with strong ties to their community. Third, we elucidate an important, but understudied, trade-off between time allocated by women to market work and social capital-enhancing activities, and show that these two components of time allocation have opposite effects on intra-household bargaining power.
    Keywords: social capital, three-period gender-based OLG model, Turkey
    JEL: J16 O41
    Date: 2022–09
  5. By: Patricia Cortes; Gizem Koşar; Jessica Pan; Basit Zafar
    Abstract: We study how peer beliefs shape individual attitudes toward maternal labor supply using realistic hypothetical scenarios that elicit recommendations on the labor supply choices of a mother with a young child and an information treatment embedded within representative surveys. Across the scenarios, we find that individuals systematically overestimate the extent of gender conservativeness among the people around them. Exposure to information on peer beliefs leads to a shift in recommendations, driven largely by information-based belief updating. The information treatment also increases (intended and actual) donations to a nonprofit organization advocating for women in the workplace.
    Keywords: expectations; social norms; information treatment
    JEL: D84 J22 C83
    Date: 2022–11–01
  6. By: Tang, Can; Zhao, Zhong
    Abstract: Using a national representative sample, the China Family Panel Studies, this paper explores the influences of clan culture, a hallmark of Chinese cultural history, on the prevalence of child labor in China. We find that clan culture significantly reduces the incidence of child labor and working hours of child laborer. The results exhibit strong boy bias, and are driven by boys rather than girls, which reflects the patrilineal nature of Chinese clan culture. Moreover, the impact is greater on boys from households with lower socioeconomic status, and in rural areas. Clan culture acts as a supplement to formal institutions: reduces the incidence of child labor through risk sharing and easing credit constraints, and helps form social norms to promote human capital investment. We also employ an instrument variable approach and carry out a series of robustness checks to further confirm the findings.
    JEL: J21 J22 J81 O15
    Date: 2022–10–10

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