nep-soc New Economics Papers
on Social Norms and Social Capital
Issue of 2005‒07‒11
three papers chosen by
Fabio Sabatini
Universitá degli Studi di Roma, La Sapienza

  1. Connections, Specialization, & Lawsuits: The Influence of Human and Social Capital Formation in the Legal Profession By Juan M.C. Larrosa
  2. Is It Culture or Democracy? The Impact of Democracy, Income, and Culture on Happiness By Justina Fischer; GEBHARD KIRCHGÄSSNER; DAVID DORN; ALFONSO SOUSA-POZA
  3. Democracy and Economic Development: a Fuzzy Classification Approach By Ana Margarida Oliveira Brochado; Francisco Vitorino Martins

  1. By: Juan M.C. Larrosa (CONICET-Universidad Nacional del Sur)
    Abstract: Legal profession represents a key labor sector whether in politics or business in any developed or underdeveloped country. What resources do lawyers use for matching the demand to their own services’ supply? Private sector lawyers make use of their level of human capital and their social capital for this to be accomplished. This work makes a literature survey focusing on legal profession and their relationships with these capital dimensions. Particular interest is given to the relationship of these capital forms and the effectiveness of professional performance.
    Keywords: Human capital, social capital, legal profession
    JEL: J41 J43 A12
    Date: 2005–07–08
    Abstract: We look at the relation between democracy and perceived subjective well-being, taking also into account the impact of income and culture. After briefly reviewing the empirical results for Switzerland, we re-estimate this relationship allowing for the relative income position of individuals and also using a new more recent data from the Swiss Household Panel. No robust relationship between the extent of (direct) democracy and happiness can be observed. In a second step, we conduct a cross-national analysis, covering 28 countries with data from the 1998 International Social Survey Programme (ISSP). There we observe a robust positive and significant relationship between democracy and happiness.
    JEL: I31 H10
    Date: 2005–06
  3. By: Ana Margarida Oliveira Brochado (Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto); Francisco Vitorino Martins (Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)
    Abstract: The aim of this work is to (1) analyse whether countries differ on political indicators (democracy, rule of law, government effectiveness and corruption) and (2) study whether countries with different political profiles are associated with different levels of economic, human development and gender-related development indicators. Using a fuzzy classification approach (fuzzy k-means algorithm), we propose a typology of 124 countries based on 10 political variables. Six segments are identified; these political groups implicate the access to different levels of economic and human development. In this study evidence of a positive but not perfect relationship between democracy and economic and human development is observed, thus presenting new insights for the understanding of the heterogeneity of behaviors relatively to political indicators.
    Keywords: Democracy, Economic Development, Fuzzy k-means
    JEL: C21 C61 O10 O57
    Date: 2005–07

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