nep-sea New Economics Papers
on South East Asia
Issue of 2023‒11‒06
24 papers chosen by
Kavita Iyengar, Asian Development Bank

  2. Governing the digital economy in Thailand: domestic regulations and international agreements By Postigo, Antonio
  3. The vaccine R&D system and production network in Thailand: possibilities for strengthening domestic and international partnerships By Postigo, Antonio
  4. INDONESIA’S CLIMATE POLICY By Popova, Irina (Попова, Ирина)
  5. Analisis Strategi Pendistribusian Zakat Produktif Dalam Mensejahtrakan Masyarakat Indonesia By munggarani, shilma
  6. Government Interventions in the Domestic Shipping Industry: A Discussion on Market Competition and Maritime Safety By Francisco, Kris A.
  7. Manajemen Strategik By Rasyid, Abdul; , Steven; Sembiring, Malinda Sari; Syamsiyah, Nur; Sudirman, Acai; Sarjana, Sri; Pontoan, Karen Alfa; Razak, Ikhsan S. Abd.; Hasbi, ariandy; Karman, Abd Abd Karman
  8. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Employment and Wages in the Philippines By Debuque-Gonzales, Margarita; Corpus, John Paul P.; Epetia, Ma. Christina F.
  9. Political connections, business groups and innovation in Asia By Commander, Simon; Estrin, Saul; De Silva, Thamashi
  10. Living Income Report (with Living Wage Annex): Rural Ilocos Sur Province, the Philippines (November 2022) By Lawrence Dacuycuy; Jem Marie Nario; Azfar Khan; Richard Anker; Martha Anker
  11. Philippine Journal of Development 2023, No. 1 By Ulep, Valerie Gilbert T.; Nuevo, Christian Edward L.; Uy, Jhanna; Casas, Lyle Daryll D.; Bagas, Joy; Abrigo, Michael R.M.; Thatcher, Benjamin John
  12. Kingfisher’s GHG emission reduction plan By Vuong, Quan-Hoang
  13. Anker Living Wage Reference Value: Urban Thailand (2022) By Kabeer Dawani; Ian Prates; Eduardo Lazzari; Richard Anker; Martha Anker
  14. Demographic Change and Long-Term Economic Growth Path in Asia By Jong-Wha Lee; Eunbi Song
  15. Value Fragmentation for Persons with Disabilities in the Family: A Case Study in Valenzuela City, Philippines By Thatcher, Benjamin John
  16. Implications of the 3-to-2 Merger on Telecommunication Service Prices: Case Study of Thailand By Khemakongkanonth, Chate; Srinuan, Pratompong
  17. Assessing PhilHealth’s State of Financing and Role as the National Purchaser of Healthcare Services By Ulep, Valerie Gilbert T.; Nuevo, Christian Edward L.; Uy, Jhanna; Casas, Lyle Daryll D.; Bagas, Joy
  18. Addressing poverty and inequality in Viet Nam during the COVID-19 pandemic: An examination of the alleviating impact of tax and benefit measures By Antoine de Mahieu; Jesse Lastunen
  19. Truyền tải thông tin và yêu cầu thực tiễn đối với nhà báo trong kỷ nguyên AI By Le, Ngoc-Thang B.; Ho, Tung Manh
  20. Who Wins and Who Loses from PhilHealth? Cost and Benefit Incidence of Social Health Insurance in a Lifecycle Perspective By Abrigo, Michael R.M.
  21. Consumer trust in social network sites in Vietnam: PLS-SEM-ANN analysis By Phan, Tien-Thao Cong; Dang, Tri-Quan; Nguyen, Luan-Thanh
  22. Measuring the Structural Capacity of Philippine Hospitals to Provide High-Quality Health Care By Ulep, Valerie Gilbert T.; Nuevo, Christian Edward L.; Uy, Jhanna; Casas, Lyle Daryll D.
  23. Tiêu hao nguồn nước ngầm nghiêm trọng trong sản xuất nông nghiệp ở Hoa Kỳ By Duong, Thi Minh-Phuong
  24. Lý do săn bắt cá voi: Để “giảm phát thải CO2” By Nguyen, Minh-Hoang; Yen, Nguyen Thi Quynh

  1. By: Huynh, Pham Duy Anh
    Abstract: This research investigates whether the non-market economy status of NMEs such as Vietnam disadvantages exporters in anti-dumping investigations and proceedings. The research analyses legal, procedural and other issues relating to the non-market economy status of NMEs in general and Vietnam in particular, in anti-dumping investigations and proceedings conducted by the US and the EU.
    Date: 2022–09–01
  2. By: Postigo, Antonio
    Abstract: Thailand is among the ASEAN countries that have seen the most rapid growth in digital infrastructure and e-commerce since the COVID-19 pandemic. In a 2022 study conducted by the Asian Development Bank, Thailand was among just eight countries in the Asia-Pacific region that have implemented comprehensive legislation governing digital trade. In the absence of a multilateral agreement, Thailand, like many other countries, is leveraging its participation in FTAs to shape global rules for digital trade; but this approach requires significant administrative resources and can lead to regulatory fragmentation and increased business costs. Alternatively, the standalone Digital Economy Partnership Agreement (DEPA) is emerging as a key consensus-building platform towards a multilateral digital economy regime that Thailand may consider joining.
    JEL: N0 R14 J01
    Date: 2023–07–24
  3. By: Postigo, Antonio
    Abstract: While Thailand enjoys self-sufficiency in many of the vaccines it needs, when COVID-19 hit, the country’s R&D preparedness and response were not strong enough to develop vaccines in a timely manner. And amid supply shortages after COVID-19 vaccines were developed, Thailand, like the rest of ASEAN, initially relied on vaccines produced elsewhere. Thailand ranks high among ASEAN countries in many indicators of R&D inputs and outputs. However, its R&D and innovation systems are not yet sufficiently developed to translate vaccine R&D inputs into patents that can then lead to new vaccines. Public and private pharmaceutical firms in Thailand conduct vaccine R&D in the national immunisation programme in collaboration with universities and research institutes in Thailand and abroad. Thailand is also home to many international and domestic contract research organisations. ASEAN has launched several initiatives to strengthen its biomedical R&D infrastructure and human resources, build a network of research centres across the region, and promote cooperation in R&D among ASEAN members, ASEAN’s Dialogue Partners, the United States, and the European Union. Thailand and ASEAN can strengthen their vaccine security by pooling and coordinating their financial and scientific resources to address diseases of regional concern.
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2023–02–23
  4. By: Popova, Irina (Попова, Ирина) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: This paper studies Indonesia’s climate policy and its transformation in the context of the geopolitical and economic crisis. Indonesia is one of the world's fastest growing economies and a major emitter. Its actions to combat climate change will facilitate achievement of Paris goals globally. In addition, the country is playing an increasing role in developing the tools of global economic governance, including in the field of climate. The purpose of the study is to distinguish the main priorities and directions of Indonesia's climate policy and their transformation. Based on the results of the study, the authors conclude that Indonesia is demonstrating its commitment to the goals of decarbonization, showing its readiness to introduce even the strictest instruments, including carbon pricing. International partners need to support Indonesia's aspirations and efforts as they advance the achievement of the Paris goals. The principle of common and differentiated responsibilities enshrined in the UNFCCC processes takes into account the national context, therefore, given the centrality of coal to the economic development model and the traditionally high share of emissions from land and forest use, Indonesia's strategy and policy can be considered ambitious.
    Keywords: Indonesia, climate policy, restrictions and taxes, Indonesian green taxonomy, green cover, Just Energy Transition Partnership
    JEL: F52 F53 O38
    Date: 2023–08–02
  5. By: munggarani, shilma
    Abstract: Abstract Indonesia is a country that has a population of 2, 000.00. From a well-known business magazine in the US, namely Global Finance, recently released a ranking of countries based on the level of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and Indonesia is at 122. According to the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) in March 2021 in Indonesia there are 27.54 million people who are below the poverty line and the benchmark for people living below the poverty line is those who have an income of Rp.472, 525 per capita per month. set. In the pillars of Islam, zakat is paid and given to the group who receives it (asnaf). Zakat occupies a very important position in Islam so that it is positioned as the third pillar of Islam after prayer. Calculation of zakat and poverty rates, the number of workers who issue professional zakat can be the answer to straighten out the mistakes of people who have not received professional zakat. Professional zakat is zakat imposed on professional income if it has reached the nishab. From the verse of the Qur'an Surah Al-Baqarah verse 267: which means "O people who believe, spend some of what we remove from the earth for you ..." the verse describes the livelihood that is given and the nature of that livelihood. the command of the verse is obligatory, then all business results in whatever form must be paid for zakat, including the salary of an employee, if his salary has reached the conditions stipulated in the context of zakat. One of the tasks of zakat management institutions whose existence is protected by law is to realize the role of zakat as a solution to overcome poverty. Productive zakat is to increase or as business capital mustahiq. Zakat results in a redistribution of market commodities from the rich to the poor. In principle, there are two ways of distributing zakat through wealth and income. Which is a second type of distribution, especially if it is given in cash to mustahik. Two functions at once, namely the income function and functional redistribution function.
    Date: 2023–09–16
  6. By: Francisco, Kris A.
    Abstract: The domestic shipping industry has a crucial role in the Philippine economy as it supports domestic trade and provides an affordable means of interisland transfer. However, the industry is riddled with inefficiencies with interrelated consequences such as high cost of shipping, low quality of services, and increased frequency of maritime accidents. The government has implemented policy reforms to improve the industry’s performance by issuing guidelines and regulations to induce market competition, encourage investments, and enhance maritime safety. This study discusses the evolution of policies and examines some market indications of progress vis-à-vis the areas of reform. Overall, it finds some positive developments concerning market competition resulting from the government’s efforts to deregulate the industry. It also observes some indications of increased investments in domestic vessels. However, comparative data reveal that, on average, the country’s shipping vessels remain older and smaller than in other Asian countries. This signifies the need for more intensive strategies to induce modernization of the country’s fleet. In terms of maritime safety, a significant difference in maritime safety indicators is yet to be observed despite government efforts to curtail the frequency of maritime accidents. Comments to this paper are welcome within 60 days from the date of posting. Email
    Keywords: domestic shipping;competition;deregulation;maritime safety;shipping industry
    Date: 2023
  7. By: Rasyid, Abdul; , Steven; Sembiring, Malinda Sari; Syamsiyah, Nur; Sudirman, Acai; Sarjana, Sri; Pontoan, Karen Alfa; Razak, Ikhsan S. Abd.; Hasbi, ariandy; Karman, Abd Abd Karman (Institut Agama Islam Negeri Fattahul Muluk Papua)
    Abstract: Puji syukur kehadirat Tuhan YME, karena atas limpahan rahmat dan karunia-Nya, sehingga buku ini selesai disusun dan berhasil diterbitkan. Kehadiran Buku Manajemen Strategik ini disusun oleh para akademisi dan praktisi dalam bentuk buku kolaborasi. Walaupun masih jauh dari kesempurnaan, tetapi kami mengharapkan buku ini dapat menjadi referensi atau bahan bacaan dalam menambah khasanah keilmuan khususnya mengenai Manajemen Strategik. Sistematika penulisan buku ini diuraikan dalam tigabelas bab yang memuat tentang Ruang lingkup Manajemen Strategik, Sejarah dan Perkembangan Manajemen Strategik, Visi, Misi, dan Tujuan Perusahaan, Analisis Lingkungan Eksternal, Manajemen Strategik, Formulasi Strategi, Strategi Bisnis (Bersaing), Strategi Fokus Pelanggan, Implementasi Strategi, Manajemen Strategi SDM, Manajemen Strategi pada Proses Operasional, Manajemen Strategi Keuangan, dan bab terakhir yaitu Evaluasi dan Pengendalian Strategik. Ucapan terima kasih yang tak terhingga kepada seluruh pihak yang telah memberikan kontribusi dalam seluruh rangkaian penyusunan sampai penerbitan buku ini. Secara khusus, terima kasih kepada Media Sains Indonesia sebagai inisiator bunga rampai ini. Buku ini tentunya masih banyak kekurangan dan keterbatasan, saran dari pembaca sekalian sangat berarti demi perbaikan karya selanjutnya. Akhir kata, semoga buku ini bermanfaat bagi para pembaca.
    Date: 2022–11–29
  8. By: Debuque-Gonzales, Margarita; Corpus, John Paul P.; Epetia, Ma. Christina F.
    Abstract: This study examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Philippine labor market, focusing on employment and real wages and their respective outcomes across sectors and various worker characteristics. To analyze the pandemic’s impacts on employment outcomes at various stages of the crisis, we estimate changes in the probability of employment through a set of logit and multinomial logit regressions and measure changes in daily working hours using ordinary least squares (OLS) regressions. We also estimate the effects on real daily wages through OLS regressions on subsamples of wage and salary workers. The empirical analyses reveal several important observations. First, the immediate impact of the pandemic crisis was much larger on employment than on real wages, in contrast to findings for previous crises, which found the reverse to be true. Second, workers in contact-intensive sectors experienced the worst effects in terms of wage declines and employment losses. As many of these sectors were male-dominated, male workers—especially older men with less education and in middle-skill jobs—suffered the most initially. Third, the recovery a year into the pandemic was uneven in terms of employment. Real wage trends during this period were generally less favorable for women, particularly young females and those in middle-skill and high-skill jobs. In contrast, male workers saw a recovery in real daily pay a year after the lockdowns, with the increase largely driven by outcomes in the rural sector—reflecting an uptick in real wages in agriculture. Our findings provide support for active labor market policies such as worker reskilling and training programs for the unemployed, as well as for social protection for vulnerable workers. The heterogeneous labor market effects of a crisis such as the pandemic also highlight the need for a focused fiscal response, targeting sectors and worker subgroups who are most likely to face the harshest impacts. Comments to this paper are welcome within 60 days from the date of posting. Email
    Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic;labor market;employment;working hours;wages
    Date: 2023
  9. By: Commander, Simon; Estrin, Saul; De Silva, Thamashi
    Abstract: It is acknowledged that Asia’s remarkable economic achievements of the past 50 years build on institutional arrangements very different from the West, including the central role of business groups (BGs) as an organisational form. As the Asian economies move from extensive to intensive growth, we enquire whether the BG format will be as effective going forward, especially with respect to innovation. We argue that the ubiquity of BGs in Asia has been associated with the accretion of significant market power, as well as high overall concentration in the economy as a whole. Our empirical work draws on a sample of more than 9000 Asian firms across seven countries. We find that, unsurprisingly, given their access to additional resources, BGs are more innovative than non-affiliates. However we also find that the wider consequences of the BG form for innovation may be negative.
    Keywords: innovation; R&D; Asian business groups; market power; overall concentration
    JEL: O53 L22 O30
    Date: 2023–09–05
  10. By: Lawrence Dacuycuy (De La Salle University); Jem Marie Nario (De La Salle University); Azfar Khan (Anker Research Institute); Richard Anker (Anker Research Institute); Martha Anker (Anker Research Institute)
    Abstract: This report provides an in-depth analysis of the income required by a typical family to afford a basic but decent living standard in rural Ilocos Sur Province in the Philippines. The Anker Methodology was used to set normative standards for a model diet and decent housing. Primary data on local foods prices, housing costs, healthcare costs and school costs were collected to cost this living standard through visits to local markets, building constructors, healthcare facilities, and schools. Information on demographic characteristics, diet, housing conditions, healthcare, and education were also collected during focused group discussions and key informant interviews. Secondary data from the Family Income and Expenditures Survey, Labor Force Survey, and the National Health Demographic Survey were also used. The living standard used in this report allows for a typical size family in rural Ilocos Sur to afford a low-cost yet palatable and nutritious diet; live in a small wellbuilt house with access to amenities such as water, electricity, and sanitation, and other essential needs that pertain to adequate healthcare, children’s education through secondary school, transportation, personal care, entertainment, etc. Based on our computations, living income in rural Ilocos Sur Province is Php 24, 742 ($450) per month. The living wage for rural Ilocos Sur Province is Php 16, 643 ($302).
    Keywords: Living costs, living wages, Anker Methodology, Philippines.
    JEL: I30 J30 J50 J80
    Date: 2022–11
  11. By: Ulep, Valerie Gilbert T.; Nuevo, Christian Edward L.; Uy, Jhanna; Casas, Lyle Daryll D.; Bagas, Joy; Abrigo, Michael R.M.; Thatcher, Benjamin John
    Abstract: This year’s first issue of the Philippine Journal of Development features articles on healthcare quality in hospitals, health financing, social health insurance benefit payments, and persons with disabilities. The first article measures the capacity of public and private hospitals in the country to provide high-quality health care based on their structural inputs. The second article analyzes the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation’s (PhilHealth) performance as the national strategic purchaser of health services, a role envisioned for it under the Universal Health Care Act. The third article examines the incidence of PhilHealth premium contributions and benefit payments by socioeconomic classes and age groups. The last article discusses the indicators valued by persons with disabilities and their families in Valenzuela City, Philippines, and how these manifest as they participate in the wider community.
    Keywords: health care;healthcare quality;service capability;health service delivery;universal health care;primary health care;health equity;health financing;Philippines;social health insurance;benefit incidence analysis;national transfer account;well-being;disability;functionings;capabilities;UHC
    Date: 2023
  12. By: Vuong, Quan-Hoang
    Abstract: *Editorial note: This story is the closing chapter of The Kingfisher Story Collection (3rd Ed.) [1]. It was translated by Minh-Hoang Nguyen from the original Vietnamese version.
    Date: 2023–09–15
  13. By: Kabeer Dawani (Independent); Ian Prates (Anker Research Institute); Eduardo Lazzari (Center for Analysis and Planning (CEBRAP)); Richard Anker (Anker Research Institute); Martha Anker (Anker Research Institute)
    Abstract: This report provides an estimate for the Anker Living Wage Reference Value for urban Thailand for 2022, as well as contextual background about the country’s geography, demographics, economy, poverty, labor market, and standards of living. The gross Anker Living Wage Reference Value is estimated as THB 14, 202 (USD 403). The report concludes by comparing the reference value to existing wages and highlighting gaps to a living wage.
    Keywords: Living Wage, Thailand, Urban, Anker Methodology.
    JEL: D10 J13 J22 J30 J80
    Date: 2022–06
  14. By: Jong-Wha Lee; Eunbi Song
    Abstract: This study analyzes Asia’s economic prospects over the next half-century, focusing on demographic changes. To project the GDP and per capita GDP growth rates for the five major Asian countries and the United States (US) until 2070, an endogenous growth model is used where physical and human capital accumulation, technological progress, and substitution between physical capital and labor are important determinants of the long-term growth rate. The simulation results show that while the declining labor force growth and an aging population have a long-term negative impact on economic growth, they will not predetermine the future of Asian economies. Highlighted is the importance of promoting technological innovation as well as investment in physical and human capital to sustain strong growth in Asian economies. China's average annual GDP growth is expected to decline to between 1.5% and 2.4% during 2051–2070, subject to scenarios. China’s higher growth trajectory could approach about 85% of the US PPP-adjusted per capita GDP by 2070. India is projected to surpass the US in PPP-adjusted GDP by 2050 and China by 2070.
    Keywords: Asia, demographic changes, economic growth, human capital, technological progress
    JEL: J11 J24 O33 O41 O53
    Date: 2023–10
  15. By: Thatcher, Benjamin John
    Abstract: This paper explores the multidimensional nature of persons with disabilities’ lives with their families in Valenzuela City, Philippines. It explored the value invested in common proxy wellbeing indicators and identified how internal family value perceptions fragment and how these values manifest and affect persons with disabilities. The analysis was based on the values expressed for different indicators by persons with disabilities for themselves, family members for themselves, and family members for the person with a disability.
    Keywords: well-being;disability;functionings;capabilities;Philippines;PWD;Person with disability;persons with disability
    Date: 2023
  16. By: Khemakongkanonth, Chate; Srinuan, Pratompong
    Abstract: In the past decades, Thailand's telecommunication market has accommodated 3 dominant providers ranked by subscribers, namely AIS, TRUE, and DTAC, along with one minor government-owned provider NT. In 2021, TRUE and DTAC requested to merge, which was eventually approved by the national regulatory agency in 2022. The 3-to-2 merger here is likely to be more impactful onto the market than more typically seen 4-to-3 mergers. This paper estimates post-merger changes in prices and whether possible efficiency gained due to the merger would be sufficient to deter the mergers from raising their prices. By using time series data on pre-paid and post-paid subscribers of the major three operators, a merger simulation was employed. The proxy for price used in the simulation was average revenue per user divided by minute of use. The simulation assumed that collusion levels between the 3 operators before and after the merger mirror HHIs, and set the level of efficiency gain at 10%. The result showed a 12.95% increase in market price on average. Upward pricing pressure, under a similar setup, indicated a 7.19% increase in average market price. The result justified retail tariff regulation to limit the negative impact on consumers.
    Keywords: Mobile telecommunications, Merger simulation, Upward pricing pressure, Demand estimation, Thailand
    Date: 2023
  17. By: Ulep, Valerie Gilbert T.; Nuevo, Christian Edward L.; Uy, Jhanna; Casas, Lyle Daryll D.; Bagas, Joy
    Abstract: This paper reviews the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation’s (PhilHealth) performance from 2015 to 2019 based on the three areas of health financing reforms stipulated in the Universal Health Care Act, which envisions PhilHealth to be the national strategic purchaser of individual-based services for inpatient and primary health care. It found that PhilHealth has not been functioning effectively as the country’s national purchaser, particularly in leveraging purchasing power, steering cost-effective service delivery toward primary health care and healthcare provider networks, and distributing resources equitably. To perform PhilHealth’s intended role, the corporation must have monopsonist leverage to influence health provider behavior, facilitate primary health care orientation, and lead the equitable delivery of health services.
    Keywords: health financing;PhilHealth;universal health care;primary health care;financial health;Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
    Date: 2023
  18. By: Antoine de Mahieu; Jesse Lastunen
    Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related tax-benefit measures in Viet Nam. The focus is on the initial phase of the crisis in 2020. The study delves into how the pandemic affected disposable incomes, examining the differences across the income distribution and impacts on measures of poverty and inequality.
    Keywords: COVID-19, Income distribution, Poverty, Inequality, Viet Nam
    Date: 2023
  19. By: Le, Ngoc-Thang B.; Ho, Tung Manh
    Abstract: Bạn có tin vào câu trả lời của ChatGPT? Bạn có hiểu cách mà mô hình ngôn ngữ lớn đằng sau ChatGPT hoạt động? Đối với phần đông độc giả, câu trả lời hẳn là “Có” và “Không”. Trong thời đại công nghệ AI trở nên phức tạp hơn bao giờ hết, chúng ta khó mà có thể hiểu được cơ chế của các công nghệ thông tin mới. Tuy nhiên, đây là một hiểm họa vô hình với người tiêu thụ thông tin. Generative AI (trí tuệ nhân tạo sản sinh) như ChatGPT không hề có cam kết với việc đưa ra thông tin đúng với sự thật, và nội dung sản sinh tự động từ AI sẽ làm trầm trọng thêm vấn nạn tin giả, thậm chí tạo nên chuyên gia giả trên mạng xã hội. Bởi vậy, người làm báo cần sử dụng công cụ AI và truyền tải thông tin về công nghệ thông tin mới với trách nhiệm. Chúng tôi đưa ra 3 đề xuất chính: Truyền tải thông tin khách quan, trung thực và đa chiều về các công nghệ thông tin mới; Xác định các xu hướng mới trong việc sử dụng công nghệ thông tin mới; Cung cấp bài viết truyền thông khoa học cập nhật về các công nghệ thông tin mới cho công chúng. in-va-yeu-cau-thuc-tien-doi-voi-nha-bao- trong-ky-nguyen-ai-57918.html
    Date: 2023–09–16
  20. By: Abrigo, Michael R.M.
    Abstract: This paper used incidence analysis to examine the financial costs and benefits of the National Health Insurance Program (NHIP) through the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth), which accrue to different ages and socioeconomic classes. Based on the study’s findings, premium contributions to and benefit payments by PhilHealth are pro-poor, which means that poor individuals receive more benefits while contributing less to PhilHealth. Throughout an average Filipino’s lifetime, the NHIP is estimated to subsidize about 40 centavos worth of health care for every peso an individual contributes directly or indirectly as a premium to PhilHealth.
    Keywords: social health insurance;benefit incidence analysis;cost incidence analysis;national transfer account;Philhealth;Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
    Date: 2023
  21. By: Phan, Tien-Thao Cong; Dang, Tri-Quan; Nguyen, Luan-Thanh
    Abstract: While social network sites (SNSs) has emerged as one of the most promising futuristic trends in mobile commerce (m-commerce), how customers’ trust impact on customer attitude and willingness to buy through SNSs remains largely underexplored. This study develops a theoretical model to examine the impacts of characteristics of trustees on customer’s trust, customer attitude, and willingness to buy through theory of reasoned action (TRA). A survey was conducted and 200 valid questionnaires were collected from customers using Facebook, Twitter, and Tiktok platforms in Vietnam. Firstly, this study confirms that perceived reputation, multichannel integration, and system assurance exerted a positive influence on customer trust then customer trust has an influence on customer attitude and lead to willingness to buy. Secondly, the Neural Network Model was employed to rank relatively significant predictors obtained from structural equation modeling (SEM). This study contributes to the growing literature on the use of SNS apps in trying to elevate the m-commerce business. The new methodology and findings from this study will significantly contribute to the extant literature of m-commerce setting. Therefore, for practitioners concerned with fostering trust for their business when using SNS, the findings stress the importance of trust in m-commerce an integrated approach centered on key findings of this study.
    Keywords: m-commerce, Willingness to buy, TRA, Artificial neural network
    Date: 2023
  22. By: Ulep, Valerie Gilbert T.; Nuevo, Christian Edward L.; Uy, Jhanna; Casas, Lyle Daryll D.
    Abstract: This paper measures Philippine hospitals’ management practices and service capability based on their structural inputs. The authors collected a wide range of data on hospital management and service delivery of selected public and private health facilities using a validated online profiling questionnaire. They identified the challenges and limitations that hospitals commonly encounter, particularly in governance and administration and service capacity. The authors recommend systematically collecting healthcare quality indicators and providing incentives and grants to enable the collection, measurement, and submission of data from health facilities.
    Keywords: health care;healthcare quality;service capability;universal health care;health service delivery;UHC
    Date: 2023
  23. By: Duong, Thi Minh-Phuong
    Abstract: Ví dụ, tại bang Kansas, tầng ngậm nước ngầm không còn khả năng đáp ứng được hoạt động nông nghiệp quy mô lớn do tốc độ khai thác vượt quá khả năng tái cung cấp tự nhiên và sản lượng nông nghiệp đang giảm mạnh.
    Date: 2023–09–16
  24. By: Nguyen, Minh-Hoang; Yen, Nguyen Thi Quynh
    Abstract: Ông Loftsson – người đứng đầu doanh nghiệp săn bắt cá voi thương mại cuối cùng tại Iceland lại không hề lo lắng về phán quyết này, dù nhiều người cho rằng nó có thể khiến doanh nghiệp của ông lao đao. Ông tin tưởng vào việc mình vẫn có thể tiếp tục đánh bắt vào năm sau và đưa ra những lập luận của riêng mình khi bị cáo buộc phá hoại môi trường.
    Date: 2023–10–13

This nep-sea issue is ©2023 by Kavita Iyengar. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.