nep-sea New Economics Papers
on South East Asia
Issue of 2013‒12‒20
five papers chosen by
Kavita Iyengar
Asian Development Bank

  1. On the Obituary of Scientific Knowledge Monopoly By Asongu , Simplice A
  2. What is the impact of reduced-impact logging (RIL) policy on the Berau Economy? By Martana, Kadim; Lennox, James; Evison, David; Manley, Bruce
  3. Impacts of Exogenous Shocks Using GTAP By durongkaveroj, wannaphong
  4. A Strategic Agricultural Sector and Food Security Diagnostic for Burma. By Haggblade, Steven; Boughton, Duncan
  5. Productivity of heli-logging with the Sikorsky S-61F, S-64E and S-64F in Sarawak By Bigsby, Hugh; Ling, Ling

  1. By: Asongu , Simplice A
    Abstract: The August 15th 2013 Shanghai Academic Rankings of World Universities (ARWU) should leave policy makers wondering about whether the impressive growth experienced by ‘latecomers in the industry' has moved hand-in-hand with contribution to knowledge by means of scientific publications. Against this background, we model the obituary of scientific knowledge monopoly in 99 countries using 21 catch-up panels from 6 regions (South Asia, Europe & Central Asia, East Asia & the Pacific, Middle East & North Africa, Latin America & the Caribbean and, Sub-Saharan Africa). The findings broadly show that the obituary of scientific knowledge monopoly by developed countries is not in the near-horizon. Advanced nations that have mastered the dynamics of knowledge monopoly will continue to lead the course of knowledge economy. Justifications for the patterns and policy implications are discussed.
    Keywords: Research & Development; Catch-up; Knowledge Economy
    JEL: F42 O10 O30 O38 O57
    Date: 2013–09
  2. By: Martana, Kadim; Lennox, James; Evison, David; Manley, Bruce
    Abstract: A dynamic recursive CGE model of the Berau District (East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia) was constructed, to analysis the impact of REDD policies. The model was used to simulate a policy to implement reduced-impact logging (RIL) by inducing a seven percent raise in logging cost. Results suggest that impact of the policy to the Berau economy is small. Agricultural-based households’ welfare decreased (with forestry households the most impacted) while non-agricultural households were better off. As logging output declines, other agricultural outputs increase, since factors of production that are not used in the logging sector, are re-employed in other agricultural sectors, especially the oil palm sector.
    Keywords: CGE, RIL, Berau, Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Agricultural Finance, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Crop Production/Industries, Demand and Price Analysis, Farm Management, Land Economics/Use, Livestock Production/Industries,
    Date: 2013–08
  3. By: durongkaveroj, wannaphong
    Abstract: This paper aims at investigating the sectoral impacts from exogenous shocks using CGE model through GTAP model which is implemented by GEMPACK. Three shocks include population growth in NAFTA region, Industrial Growth in Thailand, and Income Growth (measured by GDP) in NAFTA region. The result was very precise and benefit to policymakers corresponding to the objective of CGE model. According to the results, relatively, income growth in NAFTA region yields a highest welfare effect among all shocks which confirms the standard welfare functions.
    Keywords: CGE model, GTAP, exogenous shock
    JEL: A1 C68 E6 E65
    Date: 2013–11–15
  4. By: Haggblade, Steven; Boughton, Duncan
    Abstract: Despite its enormous potential, Myanmar’s agriculture has underperformed over the past fifty years. Today, per capita earnings in agriculture average roughly $200 a year, one-half to one-third of the levels achieved by its regional peers. Given that two-thirds of the population works primarily in agriculture, low farm productivity translates into high rates of poverty and food insecurity. Currently, about one quarter of the population falls below the national poverty line. As a result, in spite of national rice self-sufficiency, food security for many households and individuals remains elusive. Poor households spend over 70% of their income on food. In addition, fully one-third of rural households borrow at some point during the year in order to purchase food. Even after shouldering this heavy financial burden, up to one-half of rural households report having to navigate two months each year without adequate food supplies, leaving one-third of the country’s children stunted.
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy,
    Date: 2013–07
  5. By: Bigsby, Hugh; Ling, Ling
    Abstract: Selection logging in the tropics is increasingly moving to systems that reduce the impact of harvesting operations on forests and soils. While much of the focus has been on modifying the tractor logging system using RIL principles, alternative harvesting systems have also been introduced. One of the alternative systems is the use of helicopters, which eliminates the need for skid trails and reduces the number of roads required. WTK pioneered helicopter logging in Malaysia when it started using the helicopter logging system in Sarawak in the early 1990’s. Beginning in 2002, the company started using Sikorsky helicopters and since then has used three different models, including the Sikorsky 61F, 64E and 64F. While the use of helicopters creates a significant improvement in environmental impact of logging, the operating cost of helicopters is also significantly higher. Given the cost of using helicopters, a key element of harvest planning is understanding the factors that influence productivity. This paper provides an analysis of logging productivity in the tropics for the Sikorsky helicopters using daily production data collected by WTK on three different timber licenses between 2002 and 2009. The regression results show that average hourly volume produced is a function of the average distance flown per turn, the weighted average number of logs carried per turn, and the type of helicopter. The results also show the importance of pre-harvest inventory and planning that ensures that helicopters are used productively.
    Keywords: reduced impact logging, helicopter logging, productivity, Agribusiness, Agricultural Finance, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Crop Production/Industries, Demand and Price Analysis, Environmental Economics and Policy, International Development, International Relations/Trade, Land Economics/Use, Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy, reduced impact logging, helicopter logging, productivity,
    Date: 2013–08

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