nep-sea New Economics Papers
on South East Asia
Issue of 2012‒11‒24
four papers chosen by
Kavita Iyengar
Asian Development Bank

  1. The Relationship between Structural Change and Inequality: A Conceptual Overview with Special Reference to Developing Asia By Aizenman, Joshua; Lee, Minsoo; Park, Donghyun
  2. Constructing a regional Social Accounting Matrix using non survey method for CGE Modeling By Martana, Kadim; Evison, David; Lennox, James A.; Manley, Bruce
  3. Survey of Recent Innovations in Aromatic Rice By Napasintuwong, Orachos
  4. The Impact of the MSC certification on the Japanese fisheries: Case of the Kyoto Flathead Flounder Danish Seine Fishery By Wakamatsu, Hiroki

  1. By: Aizenman, Joshua (Asian Development Bank Institute); Lee, Minsoo (Asian Development Bank Institute); Park, Donghyun (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: Structural change has a far-reaching impact on inequality. Extensive structural change is both a cause and consequence of the exceptionally rapid economic growth, which enabled developing Asia to raise living standards and reduce poverty at a historically unprecedented rate. The region has already begun the difficult and complex task of addressing inequality arising from structural change. There is a growing recognition that more sustainable growth supported by broad-based political and social support requires a growth strategy, which provides equality of opportunity, especially in education and employment. The newly developing more inclusive growth philosophy envisions expanded social protection systems and social safety nets to protect the poor and the vulnerable.
    Keywords: inequality; structural change; developing asia
    JEL: O15 O53 P46
    Date: 2012–11–13
  2. By: Martana, Kadim; Evison, David; Lennox, James A.; Manley, Bruce
    Abstract: The Government of Indonesia is committed to cut its emissions by 26% by 2020. In forestry sector, this is done through reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) program. One of several pilot activities of the REDD Program is the Berau Forest Carbon Program (BFCP) which is located in the Berau District East Kalimantan Indonesia. The Program attempts to generate behavioural changes of the forests stakeholders like forest-dependent community, forestry/logging company and oil palm plantation company to contribute to the emissions reduction, which is formulated in the Program‟s strategies. Changes of these behaviours are reflected in the costs being borne by the relevant forest stakeholders as well as the incentive rewarded for engaging in the programme. This paper focuses on the dataset preparation i.e. the Berau District Social Accounting Matrix for CGE modeling analysis of the above context. A non survey method was employed to generate the regional accounts and was it combined with available data as well as experts‟ estimates.
    Keywords: Demand and Price Analysis, Environmental Economics and Policy, Land Economics/Use,
    Date: 2012–08
  3. By: Napasintuwong, Orachos
    Abstract: This paper provides situations of aromatic rice demand, and international standards. The history and recent developments of traditional and evolved aromatic rice varieties, namely Basmati rice and Jasmine rice, are reviewed. The emerging aromatic rice innovations from developed countries such as the U.S. and other Asian countries generate a threat to these traditional aromatic rice producers such as India, Pakistan, and Thailand. Under WTO Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement, Geographical Indication (GI) provides a means to protect traditional knowledge and products that are recognized as quality or reputation attributable in the geographical areas, but only if the GI is also protected in the country of origin. India and Pakistan governments still have not registered Basmati rice as GI product though the attemp has been made by NGO, and is still pending. Thailand, on the other hand, already registered GI Thung Kula Ronghai Jasmine rice to specific areas in Northeast Thailand whre the best qualtiy jasmine rice is attributable to the location. Yet, Thung Kula Ronghai Jasmine rice is not protected under GI in other countries. Economic issues realted to GI rice are reviewed and disucssed.
    Keywords: Aromatic Rice, Innovation, Research and Development, Breeding, Geographical Indication, Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy,
    Date: 2012–09–18
  4. By: Wakamatsu, Hiroki
    Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of a Japanese fishery’s MSC certification on the related seafood markets. In September 2008, the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certified the Kyoto flat-head flounder Danish seine fishery (KDSFF) as the first sustainable fishery in Asia. Assuming the MSC certification has an impact on the fishery, the overall goal is to examine the benefit of the KDSFF from the MSC certification. The benefit is examined by a cointegration and structural break test whether the KDSFF experiences market segregation by the certification. The monthly ex-vessel price is analyzed compared with the prices of the adjacent prefectures: Fukui and Hyogo prefectures. The structural break test showed that the significant impact on the structure of the flathead flounder fisheries while there is no increase in price. In conclusion, the KDSFF benefits from the MSC certification in that the market used to be easily influenced by the other larger markets, but became less influenced by them after the introduction of the MSC certification.
    Keywords: MSC certification; Japanese Fishery; Cointegration; Structural Break
    JEL: Q13 Q56 C22
    Date: 2012–08–31

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