nep-sea New Economics Papers
on South East Asia
Issue of 2008‒06‒13
eight papers chosen by
Kavita Iyengar
Asian Development Bank

  1. Exchange Rate Volatility and Exports: New Empirical Evidence from the Emerging East Asian Economies By Chit, Myint Moe; Rizov, Marian; Willenbockel, Dirk
  2. Determinants Of Barries To Quality Of Direct Foreign Investments – Evidences From South & East Asian Economies By Juan Piñeiro Chousa,; Krishna Chaitanya,; Bitzenis P. Aristidis; Artur Tamazian
  3. Determinants of Business Success: An Examination of Asian-Owned Businesses in the United States By Alicia M. Robb; Robert W. Fairlie
  4. Civil conflict and displacement Village‐level determinants of forced migration in Aceh By Mathias Czaika; Krisztina Kis-Katos
  5. Entrepreneurial acculturation in Malaysia: Efforta and achievements By Othman, Norfaizah Bt; Sulaiman, Muna Bt; Zainudin, Norlita Bt; Hasan, Zubair
  6. Delphi Technique in Poverty Alleviation: A Case Study By MJB Moral, Farid Ahammad Sobhani and Ruslan Rainis
  7. Job Satisfaction of the Employees in the Mobile Phone Corporates in Bangladesh: A Case Study By Mohammad A. Ashraf, M. H. R. Joarder and R. Al-Masum
  8. Determinants of Outsourcing Decision in the Manufacturing Industry in Bangladesh By Md. Aminul Islam and Farid Ahammad Sobhani

  1. By: Chit, Myint Moe; Rizov, Marian; Willenbockel, Dirk
    Abstract: This paper examines the impact of bilateral real exchange rate volatility on real exports of five emerging East Asian countries among themselves as well as to thirteen industrialised countries. We explicitly recognize the specificity of the exports between the emerging East Asian and industrialised countries and employ a generalized gravity model that combines a traditional long-run export demand model with gravity type variables. In the empirical analysis we use a panel comprising 25 years of quarterly data and perform unit-root and cointegration tests to verify the long-run relationship among the regression variables. The results provide strong evidence that exchange rate volatility has a negative impact on the exports of emerging East Asian countries. These results are robust across different estimation techniques and do not depend on the variable chosen to proxy exchange rate uncertainty.
    Keywords: Trade; uncertainty; exchange rate fluctuations; East Asia;
    JEL: O53 O24 F14 F31
    Date: 2008–03
  2. By: Juan Piñeiro Chousa,; Krishna Chaitanya,; Bitzenis P. Aristidis; Artur Tamazian
    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine whether FDI inflows in South & East Asian economies posses any barriers which are deterring to attract FDI of their actual potential? If so, what are those various set of barriers? These questions are addressed in this study using cross section time series data for 17 South and East Asian economies from 1996 to 2005.
    Keywords: FDI Inflows, Barriers, South & East Asia
    JEL: F21 O53
    Date: 2008–02–01
  3. By: Alicia M. Robb; Robert W. Fairlie
    Abstract: Using confidential microdata from the U.S. Census Bureau, we investigate the performance of Asian-owned businesses. Using regression estimates and a special nonlinear decomposition technique, we explore the role that class resources, such as financial capital and human capital, play in contributing to the relative success of Asian businesses. We find that Asian-owned businesses are more successful than white-owned businesses for two main reasons – Asian owners have high levels of human capital and their businesses have substantial startup capital. Using detailed information on both the owner and the firm, we estimate the explanatory power of several additional factors. This research was partially funded by the Russell Sage Foundation and Kauffman Foundation. The research in this paper was conducted while the authors were Special Sworn Status researchers of the U.S. Census Bureau at the Center for Economic Studies and California Research Data Center at U.C. Berkeley. This paper has been screened to insure that no confidential data are revealed. The data can be obtained at a Census Research Data Center or at the Center for Economic Studies (CES) only after approval by the CES and IRS. See for details on the application and approval process. The views expressed here are solely the responsibility of the authors and should not be interpreted as reflecting the views of the Russell Sage Foundation, the Kauffman Foundation, the U.S. Census Bureau, or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
    Keywords: Asian, entrepreneurship, business outcomes
    JEL: J15 L26
    Date: 2008–02
  4. By: Mathias Czaika; Krisztina Kis-Katos (Department of International Economic Policy, University of Freiburg)
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify the determinants of displacement behavior based on various push and pull factors at the village level. The study concentrates on changes in village population during three years of civil conflict (1999-2002) in Aceh, Indonesia. The empirical analysis is based on a unique dataset from two census rounds of the Indonesian Village Potential Census (PODES). It uses data on around 5200 Acehnese villages and relates village level population change to conflict variables, geographic patterns and traditional socio-economic determinants of migration. By applying quantile regressions, the push (outflow) factors and the pull (inflow) determinants of migration can also be distinguished. We identify the following factors as the main determinants of the Aceh migration pattern in this period: First, conflict clashes induced large rearrangements of the population between villages in highly affected districts, as well as strong village emigration from the geographically remote regions in Central Aceh towards the less conflict-affected coastal industrial areas. Besides conflict factors, an (ongoing) rural-urban migration process, driven by socio-economic factors has taken place during the conflict period. Second, there is also evidence that security considerations, such as the presence of police in a village or neighborhood, were either emigration-reducing or immigration-inducing. Third, although the presence of ethnic-Javanese has not been a primary cause of conflict incidence, their intimidation by the rebel movement has led to a significant outflow, primarily from conflict-affected villages in Central Aceh. These results reveal that, beside a conflict-induced fear of violence, population movements in Aceh have also been an outcome of traditional migration determinants.
    Date: 2008–04
  5. By: Othman, Norfaizah Bt; Sulaiman, Muna Bt; Zainudin, Norlita Bt; Hasan, Zubair
    Abstract: The nature and pace of economic progress in a country depends, among others, on the venturesome qualities of its people. The development of entrepreneurship has, therefore, been taken as an important element in human development sphere in Malaysia. In fact, the Malaysian Government has restructured it entrepreneurship department, hence the birth of Ministry of Entrepreneur and Co-operative Development (MECD) in 2004. The main objectives of this department are to provide a conducive environment and to promote and assist the entrepreneurial development in the country. The effort of the Ministry is supported by many new policies and mechanisms including funding, entrepreneurial programs and activities, physical infrastructures and business advisory services. This paper endeavors to trace the progress of the entrepreneurial program and assess its achievements towards inculcating the spirit and culture of enterprise among the Malaysians. It also attempt to see whether the contribution increases the pace of development in the country and made an impact on income inequalities and poverty among the target groups.
    Keywords: Keyword: Growth; human resource development; risk taking; entrepreneurship; role of the state; Malaysia
    JEL: O1 H0
    Date: 2008
  6. By: MJB Moral, Farid Ahammad Sobhani and Ruslan Rainis (University Sains Malaysia; University Sains Malaysia; University Sains Malaysia)
    Abstract: This study aims at investigating scholars thinking intended for poverty alleviation. Two-round Delphi techniques were applied to attain experts’ opinion in support of probable resolution of poverty. Government officials, Non-government executives, University academics, and social & political personalities are considered as scholars. The scholars think that limitation of job is the fundamental cause of poverty that is why the poor are bound to live in vulnerable unhygienic places where inadequate services are prevailing. They also argued that by providing home-based work and especial training that will help them to get job for income generation, the poverty problems could be reduced. As well community-based management similar to labor intensive low-cost housing factory and sanitation plant will also been lead to decrease poverty. To avoid hypothetical discover, the study analyzed poverty alleviation activities of UNDP/GOB project. The UNDP/GOB project entitled ‘Local Partnerships for Urban Poverty Alleviation’ is one of the biggest urban poverty alleviating projects in Bangladesh. There are many successful activities of this project such as community-based micro-credit, sanitation as well as drinking water has been highlighted. The study was undertaken by acquiring primary data from the field survey that employed a structure questionnaire and gathered information emphasis on poverty. Heads of poor households or a member behalf of HH, were used as respondents.
    Date: 2008–06
  7. By: Mohammad A. Ashraf, M. H. R. Joarder and R. Al-Masum (University Utara Malaysia; United International University, Bangladesh; North South University, Bangladesh)
    Abstract: Optimizing employee satisfaction is a key to the success of any business that relies on a variety of organizational and psycho-economic factors. This study was conducted to identify that sort of key factors, which are responsible to influence on the overall job satisfaction in the growing mobile phone corporate in Bangladesh. The phone corporates, which are included here in the study, are Grameen Phone (GP), Bangla Link and Aktel. The factors included in the investigation as independent variables are Compensation Package, Supervision, Career Growth, Training and Development, Working atmosphere, Company Loyalty and Performance Appraisal. The result indicates that training and performance appraisal, work atmosphere, compensation package, supervision, and company loyalty are the key factors that impact on employees’ job satisfaction in these corporations. The study also finds that the employees of these three corporations possessed above of the moderate level and positive attitude towards job satisfaction, which could be nudged up to excellent status of employee satisfaction if the management takes those identified factors with a little more rigorous weight into their considerations and acts further accordingly.
    Date: 2008–06
  8. By: Md. Aminul Islam and Farid Ahammad Sobhani (University Sains Malaysia; University Sains Malaysia)
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify and understand the factors influencing outsourcing decision in the manufacturing industry in Bangladesh. Existing literature revealed that many manufacturing industry were faced with challenges in the competitive environment to be competitive in the market and produce products at the minimum cost as possible yet meeting customer specification without affecting the quality and delivery schedule. Thus, outsourcing could be an alternative to solve most of the problems faced by many manufacturing industry in Bangladesh. This stirred these researchers to identify and understand the possible factors influencing the manufacturing industry in outsourcing decision whether these factors could really influence the management to opt for outsourcing and help in solving the problems. The theoretical framework was developed to hypothesize four components namely reduce operating cost, improve company focus, access to world class capability and unavailability of internal resources in relation to influence outsourcing decision in the manufacturing industry. The proposed study utilized the exploratory approach, whereby the survey method was used. The data was collected through questionnaires in various manufacturing industry in Bangladesh. The findings were analyzed using a statistical software package (SPSS), and the main tools that were used were Cronbach’s Alpha, descriptive and linear regression analysis. The findings revealed that the factors or components identified for the study had significant effect on outsourcing decision except reduce operating cost. This study provided evidence that these factors would influence outsourcing decision in the manufacturing industry in Bangladesh. The recommendations are also offered more in-depth guidelines for maximizing the benefits of outsourcing.
    Date: 2008–06

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