nep-sbm New Economics Papers
on Small Business Management
Issue of 2015‒10‒17
six papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Exporting firm dynamics and productivity growth: Evidence from China By Xiaobing, Huang; Xiaolian, Liu
  2. Knowledge Clusters and Multidimensional Proximity: An Agent-Based Simulation. By Bottai, carlo; Iori, Martina
  3. Wirtschaftspolitische Implikationen der Gründungsforschung By Icks, Annette; Levering, Britta; May-Strobl, Eva; Ettl, Kerstin
  4. Micro-, Small and Medium Enterprises in Tajikistan: Drivers of and Barriers to Growth By Tilekeyev, Kanat
  6. Automation, Performance and International Competition: Firm-level Comparisons of Process Innovation By Kromann, Lene; Sørensen, Anders

  1. By: Xiaobing, Huang; Xiaolian, Liu
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the reallocation effects generated by dynamics of exporting firms adopting DOPD productivity decomposition. The authors select the exporting firm samples from the dataset of Annual Surveys of Industrial Production for the period from 2005 to 2009. The study indicates that the surviving ability of exporters is weak, and that firm turnover is turbulent. The reallocation effects generated by firm dynamics contributes almost half of productivity improvement. It mainly originates from between-firm effects, rather than firm turnover effects, with the entry effects being negative. This suggests that there is market misallocation, which maybe caused by uneven regional development, industrial monopoly or state-owned enterprises.
    Keywords: exporting firms,firm dynamics,productivity growth,reallocation effect,China
    JEL: F14 D40 D22 D24
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Bottai, carlo; Iori, Martina (University of Turin)
    Abstract: We will use an Agent-Based Model in order to study how innovation can emerge from the interaction between firms. In particular, we are interested in studying how the clusters that emerges from these interactions influence the ability of bounded rational firms in reacting creatively to out-of-equilibrium conditions. Moreover, we will introduce two type of firms – traditional and innovative – and we will observe if and how this difference influences the outcomes.
    Date: 2015–07
  3. By: Icks, Annette; Levering, Britta; May-Strobl, Eva; Ettl, Kerstin
    Abstract: Gründungen werden häufig als Triebfeder für die Wirtschaftsentwicklung und das Beschäftigungswachstum beschrieben. Gründungen zu fördern, ist eine wirtschaftspolitische Daueraufgabe. Die Gründungszahlen in Deutschland sind jedoch rückläufig oder stagnieren. Folglich stellt sich die Frage nach einer veränderten Gründungsförderung: Welche Ansatzpunkte lassen sich in der neueren Gründungsforschung finden? Die Prüfung von acht Top-Journals der Entrepreneurship-Forschung ergab, dass die Gründerperson und Finanzierungsfragen derzeit von großem Forschungsinteresse sind. Ein Abgleich der Forschungsthemen mit den aktuellen Herausforderungen der Gründungsförderung zeigt große Übereinstimmungen. Die Wirtschaftspolitik kann von der Forschung dann profitieren, wenn sie bei der Formulierung von Unterstützungsmaßnahmen nicht nur einzelne Faktoren berücksichtigt, die Gründungen beeinflussen, sondern vor allem deren kausale Zusammenhänge.
    Abstract: Start-ups are often described as the driving force for economic development and employment growth. However, the start-up numbers in Germany are declining or stagnating. Therefore the question arises, whether the start-up support should be revised. The study examines to what extent policy suggestions can be deducted from start-up-related research. These issues have been identified in recent editions from eight top journals of entrepreneurship research and categorized into priorities. The analysis indicated that the founder person as well as financing questions continue to be of considerable research interest. A comparison of research topics with the current challenges of start-up support shows great correspondences. Economic policy can benefit from research, if they consider not only isolated factors, which influence start ups, but although the causal relationships of them.
    Keywords: Gründung,Deutschland,wirtschaftspolitische Implikationen,start-up,Germany,policy implications
    JEL: L25 L26 M13
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Tilekeyev, Kanat
    Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study of the micro-, small and medium enterprise (MSME) sector in Tajikistan, with a focus on its role in the economic growth of the country. Tajikistan has experienced a significant improvement in economic performance during the last decade. This growth is evident in sectors in which MSMEs operate, suggesting the need to better understand the sector and its role in national economic growth. The paper describes the results of a survey of 325 randomly selected, cluster-based enterprises in three key economic sectors in urban and rural areas across Tajikistan: retail trade and services, transportation and agriculture. The dataset provides detailed information on the personal characteristics of entrepreneurs, as well as specific factors influencing the growth of MSMEs, including labour, capital, information and barriers to growth. Analysis of the determinants of making investments, as well as the success of investment decisions of urban entrepreneurs, provides insight into the necessity of developing education opportunities on business and financial planning for MSME owners. Conclusions are presented to help guide policy and programmes that impact the MSME sector and the broader environment in which it functions.
    Keywords: Micro-, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Tajikistan, Business Development, Urban Business Development, Rural Business Development, Economic Growth, Business Environment
    JEL: D22 L21 L26 L53 M21 Q13
    Date: 2014–11–01
  5. By: Allendorf, Joseph; Hirsch, Stefan
    Abstract: This paper presents factor productivity growth measures in the European food industry over the period 2001-2008 by using data envelopment analysis. The Malmquist productivity growth indicator is used to identify the contributions of technical change, technical efficiency change and scale change. The study contributes to the literature by analysing the dairy and meat processing industries in eight European countries based on a sample of 4,584 firms. Results will underline differences between these countries concerning the productivity growth measures as well as differences between different company sizes. Further research should include an impulse response analysis for the effect of investment spikes.
    Keywords: Total factor productivity, Malmquist-Index, dairy industry, meat industry, Industrial Organization, Productivity Analysis,
    Date: 2015
  6. By: Kromann, Lene (Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School); Sørensen, Anders (Department of Economics, Copenhagen Business School)
    Abstract: This paper presents new evidence on tradeinduced automation in manufacturing firms using unique data combining a retrospective survey that we have assembled with register data for 2005-2010. In particular, we establish a causal effect where firms that have specialized in product types for which the Chinese exports to the world market has risen sharply invest more in automated capital compared to firms that have specialized in other product types. We also study the relationship between automation and firm performance and find that firms with high increases in scale and scope of automation have faster productivity growth than other firms. Moreover, automation improves the efficiency of all stages of the production process by reducing setup time, run time, and inspection time and increasing uptime and quantity produced per worker. The efficiency improvement varies by type of automation.  
    Keywords: automation; productivity; production theory; efficiency
    JEL: D24 L11 L22 O33
    Date: 2015–10–01

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