nep-sbm New Economics Papers
on Small Business Management
Issue of 2014‒11‒12
five papers chosen by
João Carlos Correia Leitão
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Persistence of cooperation on innovation: Econometric evidence from panel micro data By Srholec , Martin
  2. Drivers of entrepreneurship and post-entry performance of newborn firms in developing countries By Quatraro, Francesco; Vivarelli, Marco
  4. Entry of Foreign Multinational Firms and Productivity Growth of Domestic Firms: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Firm-Level Data Underlying the Basic Survey on Business Structure and Activities(in Japanese) By Keiko ITO
  5. Ownership Change, Multinationals, and Growth of New Technology-Based Firms By Xiao , Jing

  1. By: Srholec , Martin (CERGE-EI, Prague and CIRCLE, Lund University)
    Abstract: Arrangements to cooperate on innovation facilitate access to external sources of knowledge. Using panel data derived from five waves of Community Innovation Survey in the Czech Republic, we examine whether firms engage in these arrangements persistently or rather revert to other behaviour. Econometric estimates of dynamic random effects and multivariate probit models provide strong support to the thesis of persistence, particularly of linkages with the university sector and suppliers. The results are robust to the initial conditions problem and serial correlation in idiosyncratic errors. Government programs initiating cooperation on innovation therefore have the potential to induce durable changes in the innovative behaviour of firms.
    Keywords: Innovation; cooperation; persistence; panel data; Community Innovation Survey; Czech Republic
    JEL: C23 C25 L20 O31 O32
    Date: 2014–09–28
  2. By: Quatraro, Francesco; Vivarelli, Marco
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to provide an updated survey of the"state of the art"in entrepreneurial studies with a particular focus on developing countries (DCs). In particular, the concept of"entrepreneurship"is critically discussed, followed by a discussion of the institutional, macroeconomic, and microeconomic conditions that affect the entry of new firms and the post-entry performance of newborn firms. The reviewed literature bears some policy implications for the support of the creation new firms, such as the targeting of policy measures to prospective entrepreneurs who possess high education levels, long previous job experience, and innovative skills. Specifically, for DCs, tailored subsidies and support should be coupled with framework and infrastructural policies that are able to improve the business environment such that new ventures can start and grow.
    Keywords: Microfinance,Environmental Economics&Policies,Access to Finance,Small Scale Enterprise,Banks&Banking Reform
    Date: 2014–10–01
  3. By: Vesna Vlaisavljevic (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide); Carmen Cabello Medina (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide); Ana Pérez-Luño (Department of Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide)
    Abstract: Alliances are increasingly considered a key issue for innovation, especially in knowledge-intensive firms. While this is true, the mere membership to alliances does not explain innovation performance, and thus the alliance’s characteristics that determine high performance must be examined. Our research address the question of how the diversity of partners in a certain alliance for innovation affects innovation performance, and how this influence can be moderated by certain characteristics, such as the social capital and type of knowledge shared among partners. The empirical analysis of a sample of 90 biotech companies shows that diversity, on its own, does not explain alliance performance. Instead, social capital and codified knowledge, as moderating variables, may help reap the benefits of diversity. This effect is not unlimited, so beyond a certain level of diversity, the moderating variables become less effective.
    Keywords: North-South, growth model, innovation assimilation
    Date: 2014–10
  4. By: Keiko ITO
    Abstract: This paper examines whether and how the entry of foreign multinational firms affects the productivity growth of domestically-owned firms, i.e., foreign direct investment (FDI) spillover effects, using a large-scale Japanese firm-level dataset including a large number of services firms. The results suggest that foreign presence in a particular industry does not generate positive spillover effects and both in manufacturing and service sector industries in fact tends to negatively affect the productivity growth of domestically-owned firms. Moreover, the negative FDI spillover effect tends to be larger in the service than in the manufacturing sector, implying that there may be systematic differences in FDI spillover effects between these sectors. However, the negative spillover effects are smaller for firms catching up towards the productivity frontier than for other firms, and in the long run, their productivity growth is positively associated with foreign presence in the same industry. Nevertheless, the overall effect of inward FDI is still negative and further investigation on which factors lead to positive FDI spillovers is desirable. A possible interpretation of these results is that foreign entry increases the productivity gap between firms with high productivity growth and other firms. If this interpretation is correct, the results suggest that to raise macro-level productivity growth, the promotion of inward FDI should be accompanied by policies to encourage firms with low productivity growth to accelerate their productivity growth or to force them to exit from the market.
    Date: 2013–01
  5. By: Xiao , Jing (CIRCLE and Department of Economic History, Lund University)
    Abstract: New technology-based firms (NTBFs) are usually restricted by limited ownership and management structures. This paper explores whether acquisition, particularly that by multinational enterprises (MNEs), promotes the growth of NTBFs. Based on micro-level longitudinal data, we construct a large sample of Swedish NTBFs entering from 1997 to 2002 and follow them until 2009. This paper uses fixed effects models combined with inverse-probability-of-treatment weights (IPTW) to account for endogeneity of acquisition arising from both time-invariant and time-variant heterogeneity across firms. The findings show that acquisition by Swedish MNEs significantly improves the growth of NTBFs, but only when it comes to the growth in employees. In contrast, acquisition by both foreign MNEs and Swedish domestic enterprises are not found to have any significant effects on the growth in either employees or sales of NTBFs.
    Keywords: acquisition; firm growth; new technology-based firms; multinational enterprises; longitudinal data; fixed effects models; inverse-probability-of-treatment weights; Sweden
    JEL: F23 G34 L22 O33
    Date: 2014–11–05

This nep-sbm issue is ©2014 by João Carlos Correia Leitão. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.