nep-sbm New Economics Papers
on Small Business Management
Issue of 2012‒03‒14
three papers chosen by
Joao Carlos Correia Leitao
University of Beira Interior and Technical University of Lisbon

  1. Innovationstätigkeit im Mittelstand: Messung und Bewertung By Maaß, Frank; Führmann, Bettina
  2. New firm creation and failure: A matching approach By Gries, Thomas; Jungblut, Stefan; Naudé, Wim
  3. Asymmetric R&D alliances and coopetitive games By Carfì, David; Bagileri, Daniela; Dagnino, Gianbattista

  1. By: Maaß, Frank; Führmann, Bettina
    Abstract: Gegenstand der vorliegenden Studie ist eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme der Innovationstätigkeit kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen (KMU) im Vergleich zu Großunternehmen in Deutschland. Hierzu wird die vorhandene Literatur ausgewertet und die existierenden Daten-sammlungen in ihrer Erfassungssystematik analysiert. Die Untersuchung zeigt, dass Großunternehmen häufiger als KMU innovativ sind. Dies ist insbesondere hinsichtlich der technologischen Innovationen zu beobachten. Neueste Berichtssysteme basierend auf der erweiterten OECD-Begriffsdefinition berücksichtigen auch nicht-technologische Innovationen. Hier zeigt sich eine besondere Stärke der KMU. In der Gesamtbetrachtung sind die KMU deutlich häufiger innovativ als bislang angenommen. 78 % der Unternehmen mit 10 bis 49 und 84 % der Unternehmen mit 50 bis 249 Beschäftigten beteiligen sich am Innovationsprozess. Der Anteilswert für die Großunternehmen liegt bei 95 %. -- The objective of this study is to assess the contribution of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to innovation in Germany. The paper reviews the empirical literature on SMEs' innovation activities and conceptualises indicators to identify the key dimensions of innovation processes and outputs. The analysis of statistical data and surveys from various sources shows that large enterprises on the whole are more often innovative than SMEs. This is particularly the case for technological innovations. As new data based on the OECD wider concept of innovation reveal, the strength of SMEs lies in their non-technological innovation capacity. Covering both types of innovation activities SMEs turn out to be innovative more often than presumed. Indeed, 78 % of all small enterprises with 10 to 49 employees engage in innovation activities. The share of innovators is even higher among the enterprises with 50 to 249 employees (84 %) and the large enterprises with more than 250 employees (95 %).
    Keywords: Innovationsindikatoren,Forschung und Entwicklung (FuE),Patentanmeldungen,technologische Innovationen,nicht-technologische Innovationen,KMU,Deutschland,innovation indicators,R&D measurement,patent data,technological innovation,non-technological innovation,SME,Germany
    JEL: C80 D01 O12 O30
    Date: 2012
  2. By: Gries, Thomas (Economics Department, University of Paderborn); Jungblut, Stefan (Economics Department, University of Paderborn); Naudé, Wim (UNU-MERIT/MGSoG, University of Maastricht, and Maastricht School of Management)
    Abstract: We propose that the rate of creation and failure of new firm start-ups can be modelled as a search and matching process, as in labor market matching models. Deriving a novel Entrepreneurship-Beveridge curve, we show that a successful start-up depends on the efficiency with which entrepreneurial ability is matched with business opportunity, and outline a number of possible applications of this matching approach to formalize the economics of entrepreneurship.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, start-ups, labor market matching
    JEL: L26 M13 O10 O14
    Date: 2012
  3. By: Carfì, David; Bagileri, Daniela; Dagnino, Gianbattista
    Abstract: In this paper we show how the study of asymmetric R\&D alliances, that are those between young and small firms and large and MNEs firms for knowledge exploration and/or exploitation, requires the adoption of a coopetitive framework which consider both collaboration and competition. We draw upon the literature on asymmetric R&D collaboration and coopetition to propose a mathematical model for the coopetitive games which is particularly suitable for exploring asymmetric R&D alliances.
    Keywords: R&D alliances; coopetitive games
    JEL: D7 M1 D74 C7 O32 M54 O3 J5
    Date: 2012

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