nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2022‒09‒26
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. A Note on Optimal Taxation under Status Consumption and Preferences for Equality By Aronsson, Thomas; Sjögren, Tomas; Yadav, Sonal
  2. A take-home message: workplace food waste interventions influence household pro-environmental behaviors By Wang, Feiyang; Shreedhar, Ganga; Galizzi, Matteo M; Mourato, Susana
  3. The river pollution claims problem By Yuzhi Yang; Erik Ansink

  1. By: Aronsson, Thomas (Department of Economics, Umeå University); Sjögren, Tomas (Department of Economics, Umeå University); Yadav, Sonal (Department of Economics, Umeå University)
    Abstract: This note analyzes optimal taxation when (i) a fraction of people has positional preferences, and (ii) concerns for relative consumption and preferences for equality are operative simultaneously. We show that incentive compatibility motivates a regressive marginal tax structure, which in the end implies that people with positional preferences are taxed at a lower marginal rate than people without such preferences. A counteracting mechanism arises if those who are not concerned with their relative consumption have preferences for income-equality, even if people with positional preferences should still be taxed at a lower marginal rate than motivated by their contributions to externalities.
    Keywords: Optimal taxation; relative consumption; equality
    JEL: D60 D62 D90 H21
    Date: 2022–09–13
  2. By: Wang, Feiyang; Shreedhar, Ganga; Galizzi, Matteo M; Mourato, Susana
    Abstract: Previous research on food waste interventions has mostly focused on micro-level factors related to the individuals, and largely neglected macro-level contextual factors such as work-to-home spillovers. Inspired by the multi-level framework, we present a case study of how macro-level workplace campaigns could decrease food waste in staff cafeterias, compete with micro-level factors like environmental identity, and further stimulate some employees’ food saving efforts at home. The workplace interventions combined smart bins with fortnightly informational feedback trialed in three staff cafeterias of a large hotel chain in Macau, China. Actual food waste data and self-reported behavior consistently show that the staff cafeteria receiving environmental framing with anthropomorphic cues had more reductions in food waste behaviors. A key determinant of self-reported food saving efforts at home was efforts to reduce food waste at work, which predicted beyond and above environmental identity and provided evidence for positive contextual spillover effects.
    Keywords: food waste; behavioral intervention; multi-level framework; environmental framing; anthropomorphism; contextual spillover
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2022–11–01
  3. By: Yuzhi Yang (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Erik Ansink (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
    Abstract: We propose the river pollution claims problem to distribute a limited pollution budget among agents located along a river. A key distinction with the standard claims problem is that agents are ordered and they are given priority based on their location in this order instead of their identity. We propose two new axioms that are relevant in the context of river pollution and use these to characterize two priority rules. Our characterization results show that Consistency plays an important role since it makes sure that any asymmetric treatment will be transferred across problems.
    Keywords: Claims Problem, River Pollution, Pollution Permits, Priority Rules
    JEL: C71 D62 D63 Q25
    Date: 2022–09–01

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