nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2022‒07‒11
four papers chosen by

  1. Tackling air pollution in dense urban areas: The case of Santiago, Chile By Ioannis Tikoudis; Walid Oueslati; Tobias Udsholt
  2. Environmental Subsidies to Mitigate Transition Risk By Eric Jondeau; Gregory Levieuge; Jean-Guillaume Sahuc; Gauthier Vermandel
  3. Nudges to Increase the Effectiveness of Environmental Education By KUROKAWA Hirofumi; IGEI Kengo; KITSUKI Akinori; KURITA Kenichi; MANAGI Shunsuke; NAKAMURO Makiko; SAKANO Akira
  4. Environmental concern and pro-environmental behavior among residents in an oil palm cultivating hotspot By Brenneis, Karina; Edison, Edi; Asnawi, Rosyani; Wollni, Meike

  1. By: Ioannis Tikoudis; Walid Oueslati; Tobias Udsholt
    Abstract: Reducing air pollution is a major policy challenge, especially in densely populated urban areas where human exposure to emissions is considerable. This paper develops and examines a series of scenarios for the evolution of transport-related emissions in the area of Santiago, Chile. The analysis suggests that ramping up efforts to electrify the bus fleet may eliminate 25% of the CO2 and at least 10% of the remaining air pollutant emissions in 2050. These figures increase to 45% and 30%, respectively, if rapid electrification is accompanied by tax schemes. The paper highlights the potential synergies of policies curbing climate change and tacking air pollution from the viewpoint of urban transport.
    Keywords: air pollution, bus electrification, carbon tax, road pricing, urban transport
    JEL: Q52 Q53 Q55 R13 R41 R48 H23
    Date: 2022–06–16
  2. By: Eric Jondeau (University of Lausanne - Faculty of Business and Economics (HEC Lausanne); Swiss Finance Institute; Swiss Finance Institute); Gregory Levieuge (Banque de France); Jean-Guillaume Sahuc (Banque de France; Université Paris Ouest - Nanterre, La Défense - EconomiX); Gauthier Vermandel (Ecole Polytechnique; Department of Economics, Paris-Dauphine)
    Abstract: We explore the role of public subsidies in mitigating the transition risk associated with a climate-neutral objective by 2060. We develop and estimate an environmental dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model for the world economy featuring an endogenous market structure for green products. We show that public subsidies, financed by a carbon tax, are an efficient instrument to promote firm entry into the abatement goods sector by fostering competition and lowering the selling price of such products. We estimate that the subsidy, optimally distributed between startups at 60% and existing companies at 40%, will save nearly $2.9 trillion in GDP each year by 2060.
    Keywords: Climate change, E-DSGE model, bayesian estimation, stochastic growth, endogenous firms, environment-related products
    JEL: E32 H23 Q50 Q55 Q58
    Date: 2022–05
  3. By: KUROKAWA Hirofumi; IGEI Kengo; KITSUKI Akinori; KURITA Kenichi; MANAGI Shunsuke; NAKAMURO Makiko; SAKANO Akira
    Abstract: We ran randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of our environmental education class and the impact of the nudge and boost on students’ attitudes and behaviors toward environmental issues. We found that our environmental education class significantly improves the students’ basic knowledge of the environment and concerns about plastic waste. Although there is no evidence that nudges and boosts amplify the effect of environmental education on basic knowledge of the environment, nudges are successful in making students who received environmental education more concerned about plastic waste. Our results also show that nudges and boosts can change students’ pro-environmental behaviors. Students who were assigned to treatment groups with nudges or boosts are more likely to refuse free wet wipes provided at convenience stores. These results indicate that our interventions change students’ pro-environmental behaviors only if the cost of changing their behaviors is low.
    Date: 2022–05
  4. By: Brenneis, Karina; Edison, Edi; Asnawi, Rosyani; Wollni, Meike
    Abstract: Oil palm is the most significant boom crop in Southeast Asia and associated with tremendous negative environmental effects. These environmental effects can influence the environmental concern (EC) and pro-environmental behavior (PEB) of the local population in different ways. While various research has investigated rural-urban differences for EC and PEB, evidence is missing for societies in the Global South where rural and urban populations face similar environmental problems. This paper addresses the questions of what influences EC and PEB of residents living in a hotspot for oil palm cultivation with a special focus on the geographical residence in Indonesia. Our results from OLS regressions show that overall, rural residents directly involved in oil palm cultivation tend to be more concerned than the urban respondents. This is true for general EC, as well as for the oil palm-related EC, which points towards oil palm farmers being aware of the environmental repercussions of oil palm plantations. We also find that connectedness with nature, connectedness with oil palms, and preferences for homogenized landscapes are important factors that are correlated with EC. PEB is measured in terms of donations made to a local environmental organization. Our results, first of all, show strong positive correlations between EC measures and PEB. Furthermore, results reveal that rural respondents make significantly higher donations. In addition, a higher connectedness with oil palms decreases donations among our respondents, while the hours participated in other environmental activities correlate positively with donations.
    Keywords: environmental concern,pro-environmental behavior,rural-urban gap,hyperbolic sine transformation
    Date: 2022

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