nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2020‒09‒07
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. The Displacement Impacts of Wind Power Electricity Generation: Costly Lessons from Ontario By Pejman Bahramian; Glenn P. Jenkins; Frank Milne
  2. Impact of Pollution from Coal on the Anemic Status of Children and Women: Evidence from India By Datt, Gaurav; Maitra, Pushkar; Menon, Nidhiya; Ray, Ranjan; Dey, Sagnik; Chowdhury, Sourangsu

  1. By: Pejman Bahramian (Department of Economics, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada); Glenn P. Jenkins (Department of Economics, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada and Eastern Mediterranean University, North Cyprus); Frank Milne (Department of Economics, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada)
    Abstract: The displacement impacts of wind power generation on other generation technologies are estimated for Ontario. In addition, their annual financial benefits, costs, and international stakeholder impacts are measured. For every 100 MWh generated, almost 53 MWh of gas output and 23 MWh of hydro output is displaced, and 19 MWh of power is exported. Ontario loses 826.42 million USD annually from having wind power generation in the system, while the US gains 7.50 million USD through electricity exported from Ontario. Wind power generation has produced an estimated 108.98 million USD in reducing CO2 emissions in the US and Ontario through displacing thermal generation. Comparing the environmental benefits with the net cost to consumers shows the promotion of wind power generation to be largely a waste of Ontario’s resources.
    Keywords: wind power, thermal displacement, CO2 emissions, stakeholder analysis
    JEL: O10 Q48
    Date: 2020–08–28
  2. By: Datt, Gaurav (Monash University); Maitra, Pushkar (Monash University); Menon, Nidhiya (Brandeis University); Ray, Ranjan (Monash University); Dey, Sagnik (Indian Institute of Technology Delhi); Chowdhury, Sourangsu (Indian Institute of Technology Delhi)
    Abstract: Economic growth in emerging market economies has come hand-in-hand with growing demand for energy, with many of them meeting this higher demand by increased use of coal to fuel electricity generation. This paper examines the impact of pollution generated by coal fueled power units on the anemic status of children and women in India. We show that among very young children (aged 0–5 years), the number of coal units in the district in the month and year of birth significantly increases the likelihood of being anemic net of a comprehensive set of child, mother, household and district level controls. Exposure in utero matters as well for child anemia, while the number of coal plants in the district also induce greater anemia among adult women. Impacts on anemic status are driven by the growth of PM2.5 pollution attributable to emissions from coal-powered units. We undertake a series of falsification and specification checks to underline the robustness of our results. Our research adds anemia to the list of significant health costs of relying on coal-fired power generation in meeting the increasing demand for energy that emerging market economies like India face.
    Keywords: anemia, coal units, PM2.5, air pollution, children, women, India
    JEL: I15 Q32 Q53 O12
    Date: 2020–07

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