nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2019‒11‒18
two papers chosen by

  1. Cruise activity and pollution: the case of Barcelona By Jordi Perdiguero Garcia; Alex Sanz
  2. Mining pollution and infant health in modern Japan:from village/ town statistics of infant mortality By Keisuke Moriya; Kenichi Tomobe

  1. By: Jordi Perdiguero Garcia (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona); Alex Sanz (Departament d'Economia i Història Econòmica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)
    Abstract: One of the main causes of mortality worldwide is air pollution. To tackle this problem, local, regional and national governments have implemented policies to reduce emissions from industrial and on-road sources. However, when these policies are being designed, shipping emissions are often overlooked. There has been a drastic increase in the demand for cruises and its economic relevance is also growing in port-cities. Barcelona is Europe’s leading cruise port, and it is located near the centre of the city. In this context, this paper analyses the impact of cruise ships in the air quality of the entire city of Barcelona using a dataset with information about pollutants and the number of cruises arriving to the port. We show that there is a direct impact between cruises staying at the port and city pollution. Additionally, the size and age of the cruise also affect air quality. The larger (or newer) the cruise is, the higher the emission generated. Moreover, our simulations show that the whole city is affected by these emissions.
    Keywords: Air pollution, Cruise ships emissions, Pollutants, Port externalities, Port of Barcelona, Urban air quality
    JEL: D62 L91 Q53 R49
    Date: 2019–07
  2. By: Keisuke Moriya (Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University,); Kenichi Tomobe (Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University,)
    Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to explain the relationship between infant mortality rate (IMR) and mining pollution. In Japan, the pollution became a problem in various places in the 1960 fs, but it had occurred since then. For example, around Ashio Copper Mine in Tochigi Prefecture, the mining pollution had been occurring since 1880 fs, and it had become a social problem in Japan. In our previous analysis, the IMR in Japan have declined irreversibly since 1920 fs because people got over the beriberi and syphilis, but in the specific area, such as mining area, the IMR remained still high rate in 1930 fs. So we will consider the relationship between the IMR and mining pollution.
    Keywords: infant mortality, mining pollution, environmental pollution
    JEL: N35 N55 Q53 J13
    Date: 2019–11

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