nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2019‒10‒28
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Pollution in a globalized world: Are debt transfers among countries a solution By Marion Davin; Mouez Fodha; Thomas Seegmuller
  2. Ecosystems and Human Health: The Local Benefits of Forest Cover in Indonesia By Garg, Teevrat
  3. U.S. household preferences for climate amenities: Demographic analysis and robustness testing By Jared C.Carbone; Sul-Ki Lee; Yuzhou Shen

  1. By: Marion Davin (CEE-M - Centre d'Economie de l'Environnement - Montpellier - FRE2010 - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - UM - Université de Montpellier - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier); Mouez Fodha (PSE - Paris School of Economics); Thomas Seegmuller (AMSE - Aix-Marseille Sciences Economiques - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: This article analyzes the impacts of debt relief on production and pollution. We develop a two-country overlapping generations model with environmental externalities, public debts and perfect mobility of assets. Pollutant emissions arise from production, but agents may invest in pollution mitigation. Could debt relief be an efficient tool to encourage less developed countries to engage in the fight against climate change? We consider a decrease of the debt of the poor country balanced by an increase of the richer country's debt. We show that debt relief makes it possible to engage poor countries in the process of pollution abatement. Capital, environmental quality and welfare can increase in both countries. This result relies on the environmental sensitivity and the discount factor in the poor country relative to the rich one: the greater they are the more beneficial the debt relief is.
    Keywords: Capital market integra- tion,Pollution,Abatement,Overlapping generations,Public debt,Capital market integration
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Garg, Teevrat (University of California, San Diego)
    Abstract: This paper documents the effect of primary forest cover loss on increased incidence of malaria. The evidence is consistent with an ecological response. I show that land use change, anti-malarial programs or migration cannot explain the effect of primary forest cover loss on increased malarial incidence. Falsification tests reveal that the effect is specific to malaria, with forest cover having no discernible effect on other diseases with a disease ecology different from that of malaria. Back-of-the-envelope calculations indicate that the morbidity-related malaria-reducing local benefits of primary forests are at least $1-$2 per hectare.
    Keywords: deforestation, malaria
    JEL: Q53 O13 Q56 Q57 Q20
    Date: 2019–10
  3. By: Jared C.Carbone (Division of Economics and Business, Colorado School of Mines); Sul-Ki Lee (Korean Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade); Yuzhou Shen (Division of Economics and Business, Colorado School of Mines)
    Abstract: We estimate household demand for climate amenities in the United States with two main objectives in mind: (i) to estimate model parameters with the demographic detail needed to inform climate-induced migration responses in regional population projections for use in climate impact analysis; (ii) to study the robustness of estimates from the existing literature. With respect to the former goal, we find important differences in job-related migration motives by age group and in the overall propensity to migrate among households with children. With respect to the latter aim, our framework shares a common, discrete-choice framework with other, recent attempts to recover climate preferences, allowing us to explore the consequences of a number of key assumptions in a systematic manner. Consistent with the existing literature, we find relatively robust estimates of the impact of the frequency of extreme heat days on household location decisions. The impacts of other, common measures of climate, including the frequency of extreme cold days, average summer and winter temperatures, annual precipitation, humidity and frequency of sunshine, are not identified with precision.
    Keywords: climate amenities, discrete choice, robustness testing
    JEL: Q51 Q54 R23
    Date: 2019–10

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