nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2018‒03‒26
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. An Evolutionary Approach to International Environmental Agreements By Tiziano Distefano; Simone D'Alessandro
  2. Compiling mineral and energy resource accounts according to the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) 2012: A contribution to the calculation of Green Growth Indicators By Pierre-Alain Pionnier; Shunta Yamaguchi
  3. Environmental Costs of European Union Membership: A Structural Decomposition Analysis By Inácio Araúgo; Randall Jackson; Amir B. Ferreira Neto; Fernando Perobelli

  1. By: Tiziano Distefano (Department of Environmental, Land and Infrastructure Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Italy); Simone D'Alessandro (University of Pisa, Department of Economics and Management, Italy)
    Abstract: Our work contributes to explain the origin of the failure or success of international environmental agreements (IEA) and their relation with the actual aggregate global level of greenhouse gas emissions, by including climate risks, cross-country inequalities, and consumer's environmental awareness. We introduce a novel multi-scale framework, composed by two tied games, to show under which conditions a country is able to fulfil the IEA: (i) a one-shot 2x2 Game, with asymmetric countries that negotiate on the maximum share of emissions, and (ii) an Evolutionary Game which describes the economic structure through the interaction of households and rms' strategies.
    Keywords: International environmental agreements, asymmetry, evolutionary process, Multi-level perspective, climate change
    JEL: C71 C72 C73 H41 F53 Q20
    Date: 2018–03
  2. By: Pierre-Alain Pionnier (OECD); Shunta Yamaguchi (OECD)
    Abstract: Statistics on the level and the evolution of stocks of natural assets play a key role in sustainability analyses of economic growth. This paper can be seen as a set of technical guidelines to support the compilation of mineral and energy resource accounts according to the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA) 2012. The first part of this paper explains how the coexisting classifications of mineral and energy resources relate to each other and to the classification advocated by the SEEA 2012. It also describes the OECD database on stocks and flows of mineral and energy resources in physical units. Monetary values can be used to compare stocks and flows of heterogeneous assets, and also to characterise the economic benefits of these assets, two tasks that cannot be completed by using physical data only. The valuation of mineral and energy resource stocks poses specific challenges, which are described in the second part of this paper.
    Date: 2018–03–16
  3. By: Inácio Araúgo (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora); Randall Jackson (Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University); Amir B. Ferreira Neto (Regional Research Institute, West Virginia University); Fernando Perobelli (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora)
    Abstract: The interest in this paper lies in the environmental costs of the European Union (EU). EU membership requires a series of economic and political changes that should impact the country’s production and consumption structures and its trade relationships. These, in turn, will affect CO2 emissions sources and levels. This is especially true for the former Soviet Union countries that recently joined the EU, given the difference in their levels of development and production structure.Using a structural decomposition analysis we are able to quantify the main drivers of changes in emissions differentiating six components, namely: emissions intensity, industrial structure and sourcing,consumer preferences, final demand sourcing and consumption level. Grouping the countries into five clubs, New European Union countries, Old European Union countries, the United States of America, China, and the Rest of the World, we measure trading pattern changes and their impact on CO2 emission levels.
    Keywords: CO2,Emissions, European Union, Input-Output Analysis, Structural Decomposition Analysis
    JEL: P28 R15 Q56
    Date: 2018–03–19

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