nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2018‒01‒01
five papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Failure of Energy Mega-Projects in Chile: A Critical Review from Environmental Policy-Making Perspectives By Claudio Agostini; Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva
  2. Technological change, energy, environment and economic growth in Japan By Galina Besstremyannaya; Richard Dasher; Sergei Golovan
  3. Renewable Energy Transition: A Market-Driven Solution for the Energy and Environmental Concerns in Chile By Claudio Agostini; Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva; Gustavo Caceres
  4. Do public works programs crowd-out pro-environmental behavior? Empirical evidence from food-for-work programs in Ethiopia By Goytom Abraha Kahsay; Workineh Asmare Kassie; Abebe Damte Beyene; Lars Gårn Hansen
  5. Crowdfunding public goods: An experiment By Erik Ansink; Mark Koetse; Jetske Bouma; Dominic Hauck; Daan van Soest

  1. By: Claudio Agostini (Escuela de Gobierno, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez); Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva
    Date: 2017–03
  2. By: Galina Besstremyannaya (CEFIR at New Economic School); Richard Dasher (Stanford University); Sergei Golovan (New Economic School)
    Abstract: A considerable amount of research has shown that that carbon tax combined with research subsidy may be regarded as an optimal policy in view of diffusing low carbon technologies for the benefit of the society. The paper exploits the macro economic approach of the endogenous growth models with technological change for a comparative assessment of these policy measures on the economic growth in the US and Japan in the medium and the long run. The results of our micro estimates reveal several important differences across the Japanese and US energy firms: lower elasticity of innovation production function in R&D expenditure, lower probability of a radical innovation, and larger advances of dirty technologies in Japan. This may explain our quantitative findings of stronger reliance on carbon tax than on research subsidies in Japan relative to the US.
    Keywords: endogenous growth, technological change, innovation, carbon tax, energy
    JEL: O11 O13 O47 Q43 Q49
    Date: 2017–12
  3. By: Claudio Agostini (Escuela de Gobierno, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez); Shahriyar Nasirov; Carlos Silva; Gustavo Caceres
    Date: 2017–08
  4. By: Goytom Abraha Kahsay (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen); Workineh Asmare Kassie (School of Economics, University of Gondar); Abebe Damte Beyene (Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC), Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI)); Lars Gårn Hansen (Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)
    Abstract: The Ethiopian food for work program typically induces forest conservation work. While economic outcomes have been studied before, little is known about the program’s environmental impact. We run a choice experiment among Ethiopian farmers eliciting preferences in a hypothetical afforestation program that mimics the Ethiopian food-for-work program. We find that introducing food incentives decreases willingness to participate in the program and participation rate increases with an increase in the proportion of individuals selected for food incentive. We also find that the crowding-out effect is stronger when food incentive recipients are selected based on income compared to lottery-based selection. Our data points to pro-social signaling as the most likely channel for the crowding-out effect. These results suggest that (1) food-for-work programs could have unintended negative environmental effects and (2) directions for design reform that could mitigate this.
    Keywords: Crowding-out; Food-for-work program, Pro-environmental behavior; Selection; Pro-social signaling
    JEL: D03 D64 D82 Q57
    Date: 2017–12
  5. By: Erik Ansink (Tinbergen Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Mark Koetse (Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Jetske Bouma (Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL) and Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Dominic Hauck (Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Daan van Soest (Department of Economics and CentER, Tilburg University)
    Abstract: We assess the impact of different crowdfunding designs on the success of crowdfunded public goods using a lab-in-the-field experiment. Our design treatments aim to increase the efficiency of crowdfunding campaigns by raising aggregate contributions and decreasing possible coordination problems that may occur when potential donors are faced with a multitude of projects seeking contributions. Amongst others, we explore the potential of seed money and the impact of the attraction effect. Using a four-day time window we implement our crowdfunding experiment using a web-based user interface with multiple threshold public goods, similar in style to conventional crowdfunding websites. We find that such alternative crowdfunding designs affect efficiency via improving coordination, and not so much via affecting total contributions. These results are confirmed in a follow-up framed field experiment with actual nature conservation projects.
    Keywords: Crowdfunding; lab-in-the-field experiment; threshold public goods; charitable giving; nature conservation
    JEL: C93 H41 L31 Q57
    Date: 2017–12–15

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