nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2016‒03‒06
two papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la República

  1. Carbon emission and social capital in Sweden By Marbuah, George; Gren, Ing-Marie
  2. NOx emissions and productive structure in Spain: an input-output perspective By Vicent Alcántara Escolano; Emilio Padilla; Matías Piaggio

  1. By: Marbuah, George (Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences); Gren, Ing-Marie (Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)
    Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of whether or not social capital explains per capita CO2 emissions dynamics in Swedish counties in an augmented environmental Kuznets curve framework. By accounting for issues of endogeneity in the presence of dynamic and spatial effects using geo-referenced emissions data, we show that per capita carbon emissions in a county matters for other counties and that net of economic, demographic and environmental factors, social capital has the potential to reduce carbon emissions in Sweden albeit less robustly. We test two different social capital constructs; trust in government and environmental engagement. Specifically, trust in the government inures to the reduction in CO2 emissions. Membership and engagement in environmental organisations reduces CO2 emissions only through its interaction with per capita income or trust. The implication of our estimates suggest that investment geared toward increasing the stock of social capital could inure to reductions in CO2 emissions in addition to climate policy instruments in Sweden
    Keywords: Social capital; environmental Kuznets curve; co2 emissions; spatial analyses; Sweden
    JEL: C23 Q53 Q56 Z13
    Date: 2015–04–30
  2. By: Vicent Alcántara Escolano (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona); Emilio Padilla (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona); Matías Piaggio (Universidad de la República, Uruguay)
    Abstract: We analyse the NOX gas emissions of different productive sectors in Spain. Using input–output analysis, we study all sectors as subsystems of the economy and classify them according to the explanatory factors of their total (direct and indirect) emissions. This classification provides guidance on the type of policies that should be developed in the different sectors with the aim of mitigating NOX emissions. Some sectors that seem less important when looking at their direct emissions turn out to be highly relevant in terms of their total emissions. The results indicate that demand policies can be effective in these sectors, especially in construction, but also in some service sectors that do not appear to be important polluters at first sight. These policies can complement technical improvements and best practice measures applied to directly polluting sectors.
    Keywords: input-output analysis, Nox emissions, subsystems
    Date: 2016–01

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