nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2014‒07‒21
four papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica

  1. Moving to Greener Societies: Moral Motivation and Green Behaviour By Lorenzo Cerda Planas
  2. Green Pricing in the Asia Pacific: An Idea Whose Time Has Come? By Paul J. Burke
  3. Atmospheric Pollution in Rapidly Growing Urban Centers: Spatial Policies and Land Use Patterns By Efthymia Kyriakopoulou; Anastasios Xepapadeas
  4. Global Warming, Technological Change and Trade in Carbon Energy: Challenge or Threat? By Gunter Stephan; Georg Müller-Fürstenberger

  1. By: Lorenzo Cerda Planas (EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)
    Abstract: This paper intends to provide an alternative explanation of why societies behave differently from an environmental point of view. To do so, I use a Kantian moral approach at a microeconomic level. Under this premise, I show that two identical societies (according to income and political system) might follow different paths with respect to their "green" behaviour. Additionally, I identify tipping points that could nudge a society from a polluting behaviour to a green one. I find that environmental perception as well as how governments are elected can be important factors in this shift.
    Keywords: Environmental motivation; Kantian morale; green behaviour; tipping points
    Date: 2014–01
  2. By: Paul J. Burke (Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University)
    Abstract: This article discusses the potential benefits of an enhanced use of externality pricing schemes in the Asia Pacific. Prices on emissions and congestion could ameliorate the negative effects of underpriced resource use, be pro-poor, and improve fiscal capacities. The main implementation challenges are political and institutional. Lessons are drawn from recent experiences in environmental taxation and the removal of fossil fuel subsidies.
    Keywords: pricing, taxation, externalities, green, Asia Pacific
    JEL: H23 Q53 Q56 Q58 R48 R41
    Date: 2014–06
  3. By: Efthymia Kyriakopoulou; Anastasios Xepapadeas
    Abstract: We study the optimal and equilibrium distribution of industrial and residential land in a given region. The trade-off between the agglomeration and dispersion forces, in the form of pollution from stationary forces, production externalities, and commuting costs, determines the emergence of industrial and residential clusters across space. In this context, we define two kinds of spatial policies that can be used in order to close the gap between optimal and market allocations. More specifically, we show that the joint implementation of a site-specific environmental tax and a site-specific labor subsidy can reproduce the optimum as an equilibrium outcome. The methodological approach followed in this paper allows for endogenous determination of land use patterns and is shown to provide more precise results compared to previous studies.
    Keywords: Spatial policies, agglomeration, land use, atmospheric pollution, environmental tax, labor subsidy.
    JEL: R14 R38 H23
    Date: 2014–07–06
  4. By: Gunter Stephan; Georg Müller-Fürstenberger
    Abstract: Is it possible to combat global climate change through North-to-South technology transfer even without a global climate treaty? Or do carbon leakage and the rebound effect imply that it is possible to take advantage of technological improvements under the umbrella of a global arrangement only? For answering these questions two possible states of the world are discussed: one, where more energy efficient technologies are transferred unconditionally from the North to the South, and where regions do not cooperate in the solution of the global climate problem but unilaterally decide on climate policies and technology transfers; one, where the North-to-South technology transfer is tied to the requirement that the South in some way contributes to the solution of the global climate problem. Rebound and leakage effects hinder a sustainable and welfare improving solution of the climate problem.
    Keywords: global warming, climate change, technological change, technology transfer, trade in carbon energy, Post-Kyoto-policy regimes
    JEL: C68 D58 F18 Q56 Q54
    Date: 2014

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