nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2010‒07‒24
five papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica

  1. Exploring the concept of sustainable development through a simulation game By Odile Blanchard; Arnaud Buchs
  2. Pollution Abatement and Control Expenditure in Romania: A Multilevel Analysis By Caporale, Guglielmo Maria; Rault, Christophe; Sova, Robert; Sova, Ana Maria
  3. The Effect of Risk, Ambiguity and Coordination on Farmers’ Adaptation to Climate Change: A Framed Field Experiment By Francisco Alpizar; Fredrik Carlsson; Maria Naranjo
  4. Environmental Policy, Education and Growth with Finite Lifetime: the Role of Abatement Technology By Xavier Pautrel
  5. Measuring Beliefs Supportive of Environmental Action and Inaction: A Reinterpretation of the Awareness of Consequences Scale By Ryan, Anthony M.; Spash, Clive L.

  1. By: Odile Blanchard (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : UMR5252 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II); Arnaud Buchs (LEPII - Laboratoire d'Économie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale - CNRS : UMR5252 - Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II)
    Abstract: The concept of sustainable development is used in everyday life by the general public, alongside researchers, institutions, and private companies. Nevertheless, its definition is far from being unequivocal. Clarifying the outline of the concept seems necessary. We have created a simulation game to address this goal. Our paper aims at bringing an overview of how the concept of sustainable development has emerged and spread over time, depicting the features of the game, and explaining how fruitful it is to the audience. The game is highly praised by the players as it not only brings them foundational knowledge, but also allows them to enhance many skills. The framework of the game thus contributes to educating about sustainable development as well as educating for sustainable development.
    Keywords: simulation game ; sustainable development ; education ; significant learning
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Caporale, Guglielmo Maria (Brunel University); Rault, Christophe (University of Orléans); Sova, Robert (CREST & University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne); Sova, Ana Maria (CREST & University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
    Abstract: The transition process in Central and Eastern Europe was associated with growing environmental awareness. This paper analyses the determinants of Pollution Abatement and Control Expenditure (PACE) at plant level in the case of Romania using survey data and a Multilevel Regression Model (MRM). Our findings suggest that, although Romania has improved its environmental performance, formal and informal regulation are still only partially developed due to the difficulties of economic transition, and heterogeneity across regions remains considerable.
    Keywords: pollution abatement and control expenditure, transition economy, Multilevel Regression Model (MRM)
    JEL: Q52 C29 C40
    Date: 2010–07
  3. By: Francisco Alpizar (Environment for Development Center, Tropical Agricultural and Higher Education Center); Fredrik Carlsson (Göteborg University); Maria Naranjo (Environment for Development Center, Tropical Agricultural and Higher Education Center)
    Abstract: The risk of losses of income and productive means due to adverse weather associated to climate change can significantly differ between farmers sharing a productive landscape. It is important to learn more about how farmers react to different levels of risk, under measurable and unmeasurable uncertainty. Moreover, the costs associated to investments in reduced vulnerability to climatic events are likely to exhibit economies of scope. We explore these issues using a framed field experiment that captures realistically the main characteristics of production, and the likely weather related losses of premium coffee farmers in Tarrazu, Costa Rica. Given that the region recently was severely hit by an extreme, albeit very infrequent, climatic event, we expected to observe, and found high levels of risk aversion, but we do observe farmers making trade-offs under different risk levels. Although hard to disentangle at first sight given the high level of risk aversion, we find that farmers opt more frequently for safe options in a setting characterized by unknown risk. Finally, we find that farmers to a large extent are able to coordinate their decisions in order to achieve a lower cost of adaptation, and that communication among farmers strongly facilitates coordination.
    Keywords: Risk Aversion, Ambiguity Aversion, Technology Adoption, Climate change, Field Experiment
    JEL: C93 D81 H41 Q16 Q54
    Date: 2010–06
  4. By: Xavier Pautrel (Université de Nantes, Laboratoire d’Économie et de Management de Nantes (LEMNA), Institut d’Économie et de Management de Nantes - IAE)
    Abstract: This note shows that the assumptions about the abatement technology modify the impact of the environmental taxation (both the size and the “direction”) on the long-run growth driven by human capital accumulation à la Lucas (1988), when the source of pollution is private consumption and lifetime is finite. When the human capital’s share in the abatement services production is higher (respectively lower) than in the final output production, a higher environmental tax reduces (resp. increases) the allocation of human capital in production sectors (abatement service and final output) and boostes (resp. decreases) the BGP rate of growth. When abatement services are produced with the final output, the environmental taxation does not influence growth.
    Keywords: Growth, Environment, Overlapping Generations, Human capital, Finite Lifetime, Abatement
    JEL: Q5
    Date: 2010–06
  5. By: Ryan, Anthony M.; Spash, Clive L.
    Abstract: The Value-Belief-Norm model assumes that egoistic, social-altruistic and biospheric value orientations causally influence how people cognitively structure beliefs regarding adverse environmental consequences. Empirical studies have administered the Awareness of Consequences (AC) scale to differentiate between these three orientations. We report an analysis which challenges previous work in the field. Evidence is presented that indicates the AC scale should be reinterpreted as a measure of beliefs supporting environmental action and beliefs supporting environmental inaction. The beliefs supporting environmental action appear to be differentiable according to beliefs in the positive consequences from environmental protection and the seriousness of environment harm. This has major implications for the Value-Belief-Norm model and its application.
    Keywords: Environmental attitudes; awareness of consequences scale; environmental beliefs; value orientations; environmental scales; egoistic; altruistic; biospheric; value-belief-norm model
    JEL: D46 A13 D64
    Date: 2010–07

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