nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2009‒05‒09
five papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica

  1. The impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme on electricity generation sectors By Djamel Kirat; Ibrahim Ahamada
  2. Towards an Integrated Global Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Model: Greenhouse Gases from Agriculture Simulation Model (GreenAgSiM) By Dumortier, Jerome; Hayes, Dermot J.
  3. Attitudes to Personal Carbon Allowances: The effect of trust in politicians, perceived fairness and ideology By Jagers, Sverker C.; Löfgren, Åsa; Stripple, Johannes
  4. Towards Regional Environmental Accounts for Ireland By Tol, Richard S. J.; Commins, Nicola; Crilly, Niamh; Lyons, Sean; Morgenroth, Edgar
  5. On Coase and Hotelling By Juan Pablo Montero; Matti Liski.

  1. By: Djamel Kirat (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I); Ibrahim Ahamada (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)
    Abstract: In order to comply with their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, France and Germany participate to the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) which concerns predominantly electricity generation sectors. In this paper we seek to know if the EU ETS gives appropriate economic incentives for an e¢ cient and strong system in line with Kyoto commitments. Because if so electricity producers in these countries should include the price of carbon in their costs functions. After identifying the di¤erent sub periods of the EU ETS during its pilot phase (2005-2007), we model the prices of various electricity contracts and look at their volatilities around their fundamentals while evaluating the correlation between the electricity prices in the two countries. We finnd that electricity producers in both countries were constrained to include the carbon price in their cost functions during the …rst two years of operation of the EU ETS. During this period, German electricity producers were more constrained than their French counterparts and the inclusion of the carbon price in the cost function of electricity generation has been so much more stable in Germany than in France. Furthermore, the European market for emission allowances has increased the market power of the historical French electricity producer and has greatly contributed to the partial alignment of the wholesale price of electricity in France with those of Germany. .
    Keywords: Carbon Emission Trading, Multivariate GARCH models, Structural break, Non Parametric Approach, Energy prices.
    Date: 2009–04–10
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00378317_v1&r=res
  2. By: Dumortier, Jerome; Hayes, Dermot J.
    Abstract: The Greenhouse Gases from Agriculture Simulation Model (GreenAgSiM) presented in this paper aims to quantify emissions from agricultural activity on a global scale. The model takes emissions into account that are directly attributable to agricultural production, such as enteric fermentation (methane), manure management (methane and nitrous oxide), and agricultural soil management (nitrous oxide). Furthermore, carbon stock differences from land-use change (carbon dioxide) induced by agriculture are included in the model. The model will provide policy makers with information about the greenhouse gas implications of policy changes.
    Keywords: agriculture, greenhouse gas emissions, land-use change, methane, nitrous oxide, soil carbon.
    Date: 2009–05–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:isu:genres:13063&r=res
  3. By: Jagers, Sverker C. (Department of Political Science, Göteborg University); Löfgren, Åsa (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University); Stripple, Johannes (Department of Political Science, Lund University)
    Abstract: The idea of Personal Carbon Allowances (PCAs) was presented by the British Environment Secretary David Miliband in 2006. Although no state is seriously developing proposals for them, they have been heavily debated within academia, NGOs and policy making circles. PCAs can be seen as a logical extension of market efficiency underpinning emissions trading schemes, so far only applied at the firm level, to individuals. The purpose of this paper is to analyse some critical aspects of the public’s support for a PCA scheme. We focus on the relations between attitude towards a PCA scheme and trust in politicians, perceived fairness and ideology, respectively. We also analyse the relation between the respective attitudes towards an increase in the current tax rate and towards an implementation of a PCA scheme. We base our study on a mail questionnaire sent out to a random, representative sample in Sweden.<p>
    Keywords: personal carbon allowances; attitudes; trust; fairness; ideology
    JEL: Q54 Q58
    Date: 2009–05–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0360&r=res
  4. By: Tol, Richard S. J. (ESRI); Commins, Nicola (ESRI); Crilly, Niamh (ESRI); Lyons, Sean (ESRI); Morgenroth, Edgar (ESRI)
    Abstract: Existing environmental accounts for the Republic of Ireland are at the national level. This is fine for continental and global environmental problems, but information at a finer spatial scale is needed for local environmental problems. Furthermore, the impact of environmental policy may differ across space. We therefore construct regional estimates of the environmental pressures posed by Irish households and the environmental problems faced by them. The basic unit of analysis is the electoral district, and the prime data source is the CSO?s Small Area Statistics, a product of the Census. We use the results of classifying regressions of the Household Budget Survey to impute domestic energy use. We use engineering relations to impute transport fuel use, and secondary data on household behaviour to impute waste arisings. We use EPA data on drinking water use and quality per county. The results show marked regional differences. Electricity use and waste arisings are higher in the East and in the cities and towns. Transport fuel use is highest in the commuter belts around the cities and towns. Other energy is relatively uniform. There is no clear pattern in estimated drinking water use, which may be due to data quality. Drinking water quality is poor across much of the country, but different counties suffer from different problems. The regional estimates are constructed using data in the public domain. However, various government agencies hold data that would allow for the construction of more detailed, more accurate, and more extensive regional environmental accounts.
    Date: 2009–04
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:esr:wpaper:wp293&r=res
  5. By: Juan Pablo Montero (Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.); Matti Liski.
    Abstract: It has been long recognized that an exhaustible-resource monopsonist faces a commitment problem similar to that of a durable-good monopolist. Indeed, H¨orner and Kamien (2004) demonstrate that the two problems are formally equivalent under full commitment. We show that there is no such equivalence in the absence of commitment. The existence of a choke price at which the monopsonist adopts the substitute (backstop) supply divides the surplus between the buyer and the sellers in a way that is unique to the resource model. Resource sellers receive a surplus share independently of their cost heterogeneity; a result in sharp contrast with the durable-good monopoly logic. The resource buyer can distort the equilibrium through delayed purchases, but the Coase conjecture arises under extreme patience (zero discount rate).
    Keywords: durable goods, exhaustible resources, Coase conjecture
    JEL: D42 L12 Q30
    Date: 2009
    URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ioe:doctra:351&r=res

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