nep-res New Economics Papers
on Resource Economics
Issue of 2008‒08‒06
three papers chosen by
Maximo Rossi
Universidad de la Republica

  1. Differences in Preferences Towards the Environment: The Impact of a Gender, Age and Parental Effect By Benno Torgler; María A. García Valiñas; Alison Macintyre
  2. Linking Environmental and Innovation Policy By Reyer Gerlagh; Snorre Kverndokk; Knut Einar Rosendah
  3. Carbon Emissions and Economic Growth: Homogeneous Causality in Heterogeneous Panels By David Maddison; Katrin Rehdanz

  1. By: Benno Torgler (Queensland University of Technology); María A. García Valiñas (University of Oviedo); Alison Macintyre (Queensland University of Technology)
    Abstract: The paper investigates empirically the differences in preferences towards protection of the environment. Using seven different dependent variables to focus on the impact of age, gender and children we use a large micro data set covering data from 33 Western and Eastern European countries. The results indicate that women have both a stronger preference towards the environment and a stronger willingness to contribute. Moreover, we observe the tendency of a negative correlation between age and environmental preferences. However, a positive effect is visible once we focus on the impact of age on social norms (environmental morale). Finally, we were not able to observe that having children is positively correlated with a stronger preference towards the environment.
    Keywords: Environmental Preferences, Environmental Morale, Gender, Age, Children
    JEL: H26 H73 D64
    Date: 2008–02
  2. By: Reyer Gerlagh (University of Manchester); Snorre Kverndokk (Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research); Knut Einar Rosendah (Research Department, Statistics Norway)
    Abstract: This paper addresses the timing and interdependence between innovation and environmental policy in a model of research and development (R&D). On a first-best path the environmental tax is set at the Pigouvian level, independent of innovation policy. With infinite patent lifetime, the R&D subsidy should be constant and independent of the state of the environment. However, with finite patent lifetime, optimal innovation policy depends on the stage of the environmental problem. In the early stages of an environmental problem, abatement research should be subsidized at a high level and this subsidy should fall monotonically over time to stimulate initial R&D investments. Alternatively, with a constant R&D subsidy, patents’ length should initially have a very long life-time but this should be gradually shortened. In a second-best situation with no deployment subsidy for abatement equipment, we find that the environmental tax should be high compared to the Pigouvian levels when an abatement industry is developing, but the relative difference falls over time. That is, environmental policies will be accelerated compared to first-best.
    Keywords: Environmental Policy, Research and Development, Innovation Subsidies, Patents
    JEL: H21 O30 Q42
    Date: 2008–06
  3. By: David Maddison; Katrin Rehdanz
    Abstract: This paper introduces the concept of homogeneous non-causality in heterogeneous panels. This concept is used to examine a panel of data for evidence of a causal relationship between GDP and carbon emissions. The technique is compared to the standard test for homogeneous non-causality in homogeneous panels and heterogeneous non-causality in heterogeneous panels. In North America, Asia and Oceania the homogeneous non-causality hypothesis that CO2 emissions does not Granger cause GDP cannot be rejected if heterogeneity is allowed for in the data-generating process. In North America the homogeneous non-causality hypothesis that GDP does not cause CO2 emissions cannot be rejected either
    Keywords: Energy; Carbon Emissions; Granger Causality; and Heterogeneous Panels
    JEL: C12 O13 Q54
    Date: 2008–07

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