nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2024‒04‒15
four papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura, Tartu Ülikool

  1. Trac(k)ing the trajectory: Mapping Sustainable Development Goal 8 in EU-funded research projects By Kris Boudt; Yanick Inghels; André Spithoven
  2. Cost-Benefit Analysis for Green Demonstrators: Application to the Container Glass Industry in France By Maryam Sadighi; Jean-Pierre Ponssard; Maria Eugenia Sanin; Elodie Le Cadre Loret
  3. A digital infrastructure for integrating decentralized assets into redispatch. Decentralized Redispatch (DEER): Interfaces for providing flexibility By Körner, Marc-Fabian; Nolting, Lars; Heeß, Paula; Schick, Leo; Lautenschlager, Jonathan; Zwede, Till; Ehaus, Marvin; Wiedemann, Stefanie; Babel, Matthias; Radtke, Malin
  4. Ai sẽ trả tiền cho chuyển đổi điện năng của Việt Nam? By Minh Ha-Duong

  1. By: Kris Boudt; Yanick Inghels; André Spithoven (-)
    Abstract: We introduce a large-scale research project analysis framework to trace and track the prevalence of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within research funded by the European Union since 1984 with a specific focus on Sustainable Development Goal 8. This goal envisages to promote sustained economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all. Using the CORDIS database, we identify to which extent SDG 8 has been represented in the titles and abstracts of projects funded by the EU's Framework Programmes. Our findings reveal that SDG 8 related research projects are dominated by four targets: economic growth, productivity, entrepreneurship and decent work, and full and decent employment. We further find that the adoption of the SDGs by the United Nations in 2015 coincides with an increase of over 45% in SDG 8 related research projects. We also show that EU economic performance in the two years preceding the framework programme is a leading indicator of the prevalence of SDG 8 in the research projects funded by that programme. In terms of project characteristics, we conclude that, on average, an SDG 8 project tends to secure a more substantial budget, engage larger research consortia, and exhibit higher interdisciplinarity than other projects. Finally, we show that SDG 8 ranks among the most (diversely) interconnected SDGs, linking especially with SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) and SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure).
    Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals, SDG 8, natural language processing, European Framework Programmes, research funding
    Date: 2024–03
  2. By: Maryam Sadighi; Jean-Pierre Ponssard; Maria Eugenia Sanin; Elodie Le Cadre Loret
    Abstract: Adopting disruptive technologies for decarbonizing hard-to-abate industrial sectors requires experimentation through demonstration (pilot) projects. However, from an economic perspective, the potential long-term benefits and the difficulties in designing relevant public policies are not addressed in the standard valuations of those projects. This paper shows that cost-benefit analysis (CBA) at the sector level provides clues to solve these issues, integrating knowledge spillovers from the pilot throughout the industry and the technical change from value-added cost components in adjacent activities. Such analysis gives the optimal trajectory for decarbonizing the sector. Our suggested CBA also delivers the relevant abatement cost for the pilot, a key indicator of public policy. Applied to France’s large-scale, high-quality container glass sector, CBA obtains an abatement cost of around 200€/tCO2 for the pilot deploying a decarbonized hybrid technology, which is 50% lower than previous standard approaches. Additionally, we show that subsidizing the pilot associated with a commitment to transfer knowledge to follower plants is sufficient to decentralize the social optimum if governments implement an emissions tax internalizing the environmental cost. This approach could be applied in other hard-to-abate sectors to trigger the early deployment of disruptive innovations and facilitate the designing of relevant public policies.
    Keywords: disruptive technologies, pilot projects, cost-benefit analysis, carbon neutrality, knowledge spillover
    JEL: Q55 Q52 Q42 O33 O38
    Date: 2024
  3. By: Körner, Marc-Fabian; Nolting, Lars; Heeß, Paula; Schick, Leo; Lautenschlager, Jonathan; Zwede, Till; Ehaus, Marvin; Wiedemann, Stefanie; Babel, Matthias; Radtke, Malin
    Abstract: In response to the challenges posed by an increasingly decentralized energy system characterized by a high penetration of renewable energy sources, grid operators are experiencing heightened pressure to effectively manage grid congestion. Concurrently, both the European Union as well as the German government's ambitious climate tar-gets are fostering the proliferation of small-scale systems like heat pumps, photovoltaic systems, and electric cars, thereby enhancing the flexibility potential for redispatch operations. The project Decentralized Redispatch (DEER): Interfaces for providing flex-ibility aims to explore the integration of micro-flexibility into congestion management practices. The project's primary focus lies in designing an architecture in the context of a multi-agent-system that facilities secure and sovereign communication among all stakeholders in such a decentralized redispatch, ensuring both privacy and verifiability. The DEER project sets out to analyze the potential of leveraging self-sovereign identity management methods, combined with technologies such as zero-knowledge proofs and distributed ledgers, as a robust framework for achieving these objectives.
    Abstract: Mit den Herausforderungen, die durch ein zunehmend dezentrales Energiesystem mit einem hohen Anteil erneuerbarer Energieanlagen entstehen, verändern sich auch die Anforderungen an das (zukünftige) Netzengpassmanagement. Gleichzeitig treiben sowohl die Europäische Union als auch die Bundesregierung für die Erreichung der Klimaschutzziele die Verbreitung von elektrifizierten Kleinstanlagen wie Wärmepumpen, Photovoltaik-Anlagen mit Heimspeichern und Elektroautos voran. Damit erhöht sich zeitgleich ein (bisher) ungenutztes Potenzial dieser Anlagen für den Redispatch. Das Projekt "Dezentraler Redispatch (DEER): Schnittstellen zur Flexibilitätsbereitstellung" zielt darauf ab, die Integration von Kleinstflexibilitäten in das Netzengpassmanagement zu erforschen. Dieses White Paper gibt ein Überblick über die ersten Projektergebnisse sowie die notwendigen Technologien und Methoden. Das Projekt konzentriert sich dabei hauptsächlich darauf, eine Architektur im Kontext eines Multi-AgentenSystems zu entwerfen, die eine sichere und datensouveräne Kommunikation zwischen allen Stakeholdern im dezentralen Redispatch ermöglicht und damit sowohl Datenschutz als auch Verifizierbarkeit gewährleistet. Dabei zielt das DEER-Projekt darauf ab, das Potenzial von digitalen, selbstbestimmten Identitäten (SSI) in Kombination mit Zero-Knowledge-Proofs und verteilten Ledger-Technologien als geeigneten Rahmen zur Erreichung dieser Ziele zu analysieren.
    Keywords: Redispatch, SSI, Multi-Agent Systems, Zero Knowledge Proof
    Date: 2024
  4. By: Minh Ha-Duong (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AgroParisTech - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - Université Paris-Saclay - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: How to finance the development of the Vietnam power system in the coming years? For the new solar and wind projects, market mechanisms such as auctions, direct power purchase agreements and self consumption will attract private investors. Options to finance thermal power projects are not so clear-cut, now that high fossil fuels prices question their profitability. Can State owned enterprises self finance without increasing the energy prices to the average citizen?
    Abstract: Làm thế nào để chi trả cho sự phát triển của hệ thống điện Việt Nam trong những năm tới? Đối với những dự án điện mặt trời và gió, các công cụ thị trường như đấu giá, thỏa thuận mua bán điện trực tiếp và tự tiêu thụ sẽ thu hút các nhà đầu tư tư nhân. Nhưng những phương án tài chính cho các dự án nhiệt điện lại không rõ ràng như vậy, vì hiện giá năng lượng hóa thạch đang đặt ra câu hỏi về khả năng sinh lợi của các dự án này. Liệu các doanh nghiệp quốc doanh có thể tự chủ tài chính mà không cần tăng giá điện?
    Keywords: Energy transition Policy Finance LNG Markets, Energy transition, Policy, Finance, LNG, Markets
    Date: 2022–07–05

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