nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2023‒10‒09
ten papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura, Tartu Ülikool

  1. Olympic projects to leverage collaborative sport policies. The case of the partnership between the French cycling federation and Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines community. By Clément Lopez; Mathieu Djaballah; Dominique Charrier
  2. The role of university incubators in attracting and framing competencies and inovated projects “case stady of m'sila incubator” By Abdellaoui Youcef
  3. Ministerial Turnover and Performance of World Bank Education Projects By Biniam Bedasso
  4. Starting Slowly to Go Fast Deep Dive in the Context of AI Pilot Projects By Pletcher, Scott Nicholas
  5. Start-up Acquisitions and the Entrant’s and Incumbent’s Innovation Portfolios By Esmée Dijk; José Luis Moraga-González; Evgenia Motchenkova
  6. Innovation Market Failures and the Design of New Climate Policy Instruments By Sarah C. Armitage; Noël Bakhtian; Adam B. Jaffe
  7. Ensuring Good Governance in Implementation of Public Infrastructure Projects (PIPs) By Mustafizur Rahman; Muhammad Nafis Shahriar Farabi
  8. Relever les défis par l’approche complexe de projet cas de la direction d’un pôle régional d’établissements de santé By Maialen Gelize
  9. Bit by Bit: Colocation and the Death of Distance in Software Developer Networks By Moritz Goldbeck
  10. Evaluation of tech ventures' evolving business models: rules for performance-related classification By Marc König; Manon Enjolras; Christina Ungerer; Mauricio Camargo; Guido Baltes

  1. By: Clément Lopez (Université Paris-Saclay); Mathieu Djaballah (Université Paris-Saclay); Dominique Charrier (Université Paris-Saclay)
    Abstract: This article questions the leveraging effect of Olympic bids in kind of collaborative governance, by articulating federal-local interests. It is based on a case study of the collaborative relation between the Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Agglomeration Community and the French cycling federation from 2000 to 2020. The contribution retraces the local collaboration process in a specific context: first showing the role the 2012 Olympic bid played in the implementation of a federal-local partnership, 2nd explaining in which extent the 2024 Olympic bid has been used to foster the structuration of this partnership. This work uses Kingdon' streams theory to put in light the capacity of Olympic bids to open up ‘policy windows' for the implementation of collaborative sport policies.
    Abstract: Le présent article interroge la capacité des candidatures olympiques à créer les conditions de l'articulation entre les politiques sportives fédérales et locales. Il s'appuie sur un cas d'étude portant sur la relation entre Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (un territoire intercommunal situé à 20 kilomètres de Paris) et la Fédération française de cyclisme entre 2000 et 2020. La contribution retrace le processus de collaboration entre ces deux organisations dans les contextes de candidature parisienne aux Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques de 2012 et de 2024. En s'appuyant sur la force explicative des dynamiques locales, les auteurs mobilisent la théorie des flux de Kingdon (1984) pour souligner le rôle déterminant des candidatures olympiques dans la convergence des flux des problèmes, de la politique et des politiques publiques. Celles-ci favorisent donc l'ouverture de fenêtres d'opportunité vers la mise en place de politiques sportives partenariales.
    Keywords: Jeux Olympiques, cyclisme, gouvernance, politique sportive locale, installations sportives Olympic Games, cycling, governance, local sport policies, sport facilities
    Date: 2023–08–31
  2. By: Abdellaoui Youcef (Blida2 University Lounici Ali)
    Abstract: This research paper aims at taking knowledge of the role of the university incubators in framing and accompaying competencies in order to create startups furthermore, to shade light on services offered for the incubated students through m'sila incubators, in its capacity as the most dynamic incubator at the national level , some of the most important of its activites and the different patents and label certaficates have been highlighted. Among the most important results of the studies, the experience of the m'sila incubator was obviously very successful, the fact that its director was nomineted at the top of the national coordination commitee to follow UP inovation and university incubators where this commitee was founded in sptember 27 th , 2022and which ensures the implentation of the ministeriel decesion12/75.
    Keywords: competencies business incubator innovative projects start-ups. JEL Classification Codes: M12 . M13, competencies, business incubator, innovative projects, start-ups. JEL Classification Codes: M12 . M13
    Date: 2023–06–04
  3. By: Biniam Bedasso (Center for Global Development)
    Abstract: Government ministers can play such a significant role in the implementation of development projects under their portfolio that a high turnover of ministers may have implications for aid effectiveness. This paper examines the link between ministerial continuity in borrower governments and the performance of World Bank education projects implemented between 2000 and 2017 in 114 countries. I use a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods to trace the link between number of ministers during project implementation and project outcome ratings. There is a statistically significant and qualitatively meaningful negative correlation between ministerial turnover and project performance. Delays caused by transition and reshuffling of senior managers by new education ministers are shown to constitute possible causal mechanisms. There is some evidence that strong supervision by World Bank staff could mitigate the negative implications of ministerial turnover on project outcome.
    Date: 2023–04–25
  4. By: Pletcher, Scott Nicholas
    Abstract: For many organizations, artificial intelligence and its subsets of machine learning and deep learning hold great potential for improving efficiency, creating new capabilities and launching new business models. Accordingly, many organizations are attempting to harness these technologies through prototyping and pilot projects. However, many organizations struggle to move past the pilot phase, despite heavy investment in time, data infrastructure and training. In their book Strategic Doing, Morrison et al. (2019) provide a framework to help organizations brainstorm, organize and launch innovation using ten skills of agile leadership. A specific step in the described approach is to Start Slowly to Go Fast. This simple statement holds some deep implications, with many of the principles contained within that philosophy shown to improve innovation outcomes. This paper will examine some of those principles in the context of AI projects.
    Date: 2023–09–01
  5. By: Esmée Dijk (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); José Luis Moraga-González (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Evgenia Motchenkova (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)
    Abstract: An entrant and an incumbent engage in an investment portfolio problem where each chooses how to allocate its research funds across a rival market, where they compete with one another, and a non-rival market, where they do not interact. Allowing for acquisitions distorts both players’ incentives to allocate funding across their rival and non-rival projects. We show conditions under which the incumbent, anticipating the rents that accrue from the monopolization of the rival market, moves R&D resources from other markets to the rival market. This “incumbency for buyout effect” lowers the expected rents the entrant obtains from the contestable market, which gives it incentives to move its investment portfolio away from the rival market. We show that this strategic effect dominates the usual “innovation for buyout effect” when the entrant’s bargaining power is below a threshold. Allowing for acquisitions may improve the direction of innovation of each of the players as well as consumer surplus. Because precisely the shift of resources towards and away from non-rival projects causes the welfare gains and losses, using the traditional definition-of-the-market approach to assess the impact of acquisitions should be reconsidered.
    Keywords: start-up acquisitions, innovation portfolios, direction of innovation, incumbency for buyout, innovation for buyout
    JEL: O31 L13 L41
    Date: 2023–08–03
  6. By: Sarah C. Armitage; Noël Bakhtian; Adam B. Jaffe
    Abstract: Moving beyond the combination of adoption subsidies, standards, and (albeit limited) attempts at carbon pricing that largely characterized U.S. climate policy over the last decade, recent climate-related legislation has transformed not only the scale of U.S. climate activities but also the policy mechanisms adopted. Newly scaled policy instruments — including demonstration projects, loan guarantees, green banks, and regional technology hubs — are motivated not only by un-priced carbon externalities but also by innovation market failures. This paper maps the economics literature on innovation market failures and other frictions to the stated goals of these policy instruments, with the goal of focusing discussions about how to implement these policies as effectively as possible. The paper also discusses how program evaluation can help to illuminate which market failures are most relevant in a particular context and which policy instruments are most targeted to them.
    JEL: O32 O38 Q54 Q55 Q58
    Date: 2023–08
  7. By: Mustafizur Rahman; Muhammad Nafis Shahriar Farabi
    Abstract: Bangladesh currently stands at an important turning point in its developmental journey – it has made the middle-income transition (from low income to lower middle-income status according to the World Bank) in 2015 and is in the cusp of making the second graduation, the LDC graduation (from LDC to non-LDC developing country according to the UN category of countries). Sustainable dual graduation of Bangladesh will no doubt call for significant investment in PIPs. Middle income graduation will mean that cost of borrowings will rise significantly; LDC graduation will mean that Bangladesh will need to make a transition from preference-driven competitiveness to efficiency and productivity-driven competitiveness. These will entail that the demands on implementation of infrastructure will go up significantly, in terms of prioritisation as also in terms of good value for money. In the backdrop of limited resources, ensuring good governance in PIP implementation thus has emerged as a key concern and as an issue of defining importance at a time of change and challenges and structural transition of the Bangladesh economy.
    Keywords: Good Governance, Public Infrastructure Projects, PIPs, LDC graduation, Middle income graduation, Bangladesh economy, Structural transition, Bangladesh
    Date: 2022–07
    Abstract: Le projet est le principal moyen des organisations pour se transformer en relevant les défis d'un environnement incertain, évolutif et contraint. Or, malgré le foisonnement de méthodes et d'outils, un taux anormalement élevé d'échec des projets persiste. Les constats affichent des déficits liés à l'approche dite « classique » de projet, et en particulier au management de projet sous son versant social. Pour y remédier, il s'agirait de « faire avec et dans la complexité », mais comment ? Nous proposons dans cet article une approche complexe de projet sous le prisme de la Pensée Complexe selon E. Morin. Cette approche est un accompagnement-apprentissage issue d' une recherche-intervention à visée transformative qui a consisté à accompagner des directeurs d'établissement de santé chefs de projet. Les résultats de cette étude empirique nous ont permis d'élaborer des préconisations en faveur de l'amélioration de la performance organisationnelle.
    Keywords: Projet, Performance, Direction, Apprentissage, Pensée Complexe
    Date: 2023–06–06
  9. By: Moritz Goldbeck (ifo Institute & LMU Munich)
    Abstract: Digital work settings potentially facilitate remote collaboration and thereby decrease geographic frictions in knowledge work. Here, I analyze spatial collaboration patterns of some 191 thousand software developers in the United States on the largest code repository platform GitHub. Despite advanced digitization in this occupation, developers are geographically highly concentrated, with 79.8% of users clustering in only ten economic areas, and colocated developers collaborate about nine times as much as non-colocated developers. However, the colocation effect is much smaller than in less digital social or inventor networks, and apart from colocation geographic distance is of little relevance to collaboration. This suggests distance is indeed less important for collaboration in a digital work setting while other strong drivers of geographic concentration remain. Heterogeneity analyses provide insights on which types of collaboration tend to colocate: the colocation effect is smaller within larger organizations, for high-quality projects, among experienced developers, and for sporadic interactions. Overall, this results in a smaller colocation effect in larger economic areas.
    Keywords: geography; digitalization; networks; knowledge economy; colocation;
    JEL: L84 O18 O30 R32
    Date: 2023–09–05
  10. By: Marc König (Karlsruher Institute for Technology, EnTechnon,); Manon Enjolras (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Christina Ungerer (Konstanz University of Applied Sciences, IST Institute for Strategic Innovation and Technology Management); Mauricio Camargo (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Guido Baltes (Konstanz University of Applied Sciences, IST Institute for Strategic Innovation and Technology Management)
    Abstract: At the early stage of a successful tech venture's life cycle, it is assumed that the business model will evolve to higher quality over time. However, there are few empirical insights into business model evolution patterns for the performance-related classification of early-stage tech ventures. We created relevant variables evaluating the evolution of the venture-centric network and the technological proposition of both digital and non-digital ventures' business models using the text of submissions to the official business plan award in the German State of Baden-Württemberg between 2006 and 2012. Applying a principal component analysis/rough set theory mixed methodology, we explore performance-related business model classification rules in the heterogeneous sample of business plans. We find that ventures need to demonstrate real interactions with their customers' needs to survive. The distinguishing success rules are related to patent applications, risk capital, and scaling of the organisation. The rules help practitioners to classify business models in a way that allows them to prioritise action for performance.
    Keywords: network theory, business model, life cycle, RST, rough set theory, PCA, principal component analysis, tech ventures
    Date: 2022

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