nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2023‒09‒11
nine papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura, Tartu Ülikool

  1. Statistical evidence for the contribution of citizen-led initiatives and projects to the energy transition in Europe By Schwanitz, Valeria Jana; Wierling, August; Arghandeh Paudler, Heather; von Beck, Constantin; Dufner, Simon; Koren, Ingrid Knutsdotter; Kraudzun, Tobias; Marcroft, Timothy; Mueller, Lukas; Zeiss, Jan Pedro
  2. Evaluation of Technical Standards in the Field of Design for Consulting Projects in the Field of Design and Workshop Supervision in Provincial Gas Companies By Seyed Mahdi Mahdavijahromi; Rahim Aminzadeh; Mehran Pour Faraj
  3. The Commercial Pathway Methodology By Durkin, Patrick; Keogh, Colin
  4. FEATURES OF THE FORMATION OF MANAGEMENT TEAMS FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL PROJECTS USING REGIONAL PERSONNEL COMPETITIONS By Sinyagin, Yuri (Синягин, Юрий); Sinyagina, Natalia (Синягина, Наталья); Selezneva, Elena (Селезнева, Елена); Pereverzina, Olga (Переверзина, Ольга); Rozhok, Anatoly (Рожок, Анатолий); Sheburakova, Oksana (Шебуракова, Оксана)
  5. The Behavioral Additionality of Government Research Grants By Rainer Widmann
  6. "Greening the Future: Mobilizing Environmental Finance for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries" By Yeboah, Samuel; Boateng Prempeh, Kwadwo
  7. The creative studio, designer of prospective scenarios for innovation for France Télécom R&D By Damien Douani; Thomas Michaud; Laurent Ponthou
  8. Reforming the Federal Public Sector Development Programme By Muhammad Ahmed Zubair; Shahid Cheema; Zeeshan Inam; Mahmood Khalid; Ahsan ul Haq Satti
  9. Accelerating Innovation Ecosystems: The Promise and Challenges of Regional Innovation Engines By Jorge Guzman; Fiona Murray; Scott Stern; Heidi L. Williams

  1. By: Schwanitz, Valeria Jana; Wierling, August; Arghandeh Paudler, Heather; von Beck, Constantin; Dufner, Simon; Koren, Ingrid Knutsdotter; Kraudzun, Tobias; Marcroft, Timothy; Mueller, Lukas; Zeiss, Jan Pedro
    Date: 2023
  2. By: Seyed Mahdi Mahdavijahromi (Islamic Azad University, Estahban Branch); Rahim Aminzadeh (TVU - Technical and Vocational University); Mehran Pour Faraj
    Abstract: Since gas, as one of the most important carriers of energy, plays a significant role in the society's economy, especially in setting up industries, the implementation of gas supply projects in the current situation is the pulse of the society's economy, but most of the mentioned projects currently have the problem of prolonging the duration. Implementation and multiple completion costs are faced. During the pathologies conducted in the provincial gas companies, one of the most important factors of project failure is the weakness of the consultant. Therefore, choosing an efficient consultant can significantly increase the success rate of the project. Until today, there are no integrated technical evaluation tables in the field of design to identify effective indicators for the selection of consultants in provincial gas companies. In this research, we intend to conduct research on the forms prepared in the provincial gas company, as well as valid circulars, publications, and regulations regarding the preparation of appropriate and integrated criteria. In this research, a method for choosing the right consultant has been presented using decision-making techniques. First, according to the regulation of paragraph (e) of article 29 of the law on tenders and quality evaluation forms in the field of design used in provincial gas companies in order to select a consultant, the indicators were identified and to ensure the effectiveness of the identification indicators. done in the consultant selection process and all indicators affecting the selection of consultants have been identified and confirmed using the structural equation method (factorial confirmation method and T-test) and in the next step by collecting experts' opinions and analyzing the indicators by Group AHP technique and according to the group opinions of several 2 experts, the relative weight of each index has been determined and finally, the effective indices in the technical evaluation process in the field of design in order to select the correct consultant in the provincial gas companies have been determined.
    Keywords: Technical evaluation form in the field of design, AHP method, Structural equation method, Provincial gas companies, Iran National Gas Company, Consulting services
    Date: 2021–12–07
  3. By: Durkin, Patrick; Keogh, Colin
    Abstract: This paper introduces a novel commercialization methodology, The Commercial Pathway Methodology, tailored specifically for EU funded Research and Development (R&D) projects, integrating the principles of the Lean Startup methodology. Leveraging the unique challenges and opportunities presented by EU funded projects, this approach aims to enhance the commercial viability of R&D outcomes while optimizing resource allocation. By adopting iterative processes, customer-centric validation, and agile market entry strategies, this Commercial Pathway Methodology offers a new perspective on driving innovation from the laboratory to the marketplace within the context of EU R&D initiatives.
    Date: 2023–08–11
  4. By: Sinyagin, Yuri (Синягин, Юрий) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Sinyagina, Natalia (Синягина, Наталья) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Selezneva, Elena (Селезнева, Елена) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Pereverzina, Olga (Переверзина, Ольга) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Rozhok, Anatoly (Рожок, Анатолий) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Sheburakova, Oksana (Шебуракова, Оксана) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: The relevance of the study is explained by the demand for scientific and practical improvement of approaches to the selection and formation of management teams for the implementation of national projects; The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the selection and formation of management teams for the implementation of national projects using personnel regional competitions; Research tasks: a) to identify the specifics of the regional personnel competitions as a tool for building management teams; b) to analyze the specific team properties relevant for the implementation of national goals and projects based on the generalization of the regional personnel competition results; c) to model the requirements to managers and managerial teams in relation to the implementation of national projects in the constituent units of the Russian Federation; d) to determine the characteristic properties of effective management teams for the implementation of national projects; e) to analyze personal and group effectiveness factors of managers as members of the management team implementing national projects. The study was conducted in 2021 at the Faculty of Management Personnel Evaluation and Development, RANEPA Graduate School of Public Administration. Research methods: scientific and methodological analysis, psychobiographic analysis, observation, expert survey, questionnaire, personal and professional diagnostics, content analysis of documents were used as research methodologies. The 2019-2020 database was used for the analysis, which includes personal and professional diagnostics results of civil servants, as well as the results of the expert survey. The main results of the study are: clarification of the concept of "Management team" in relation to the public administration system; Expert and analytical note "Regional personnel contests as a tool for building management teams"; Guidelines for optimizing the team selection process to implement national projects using regional personnel competitions. Basic conclusions: The results of research work may be useful for creating the basis for development of effective management teams in all the structures of public administration, as well as the development of specific mechanisms for selecting and building management teams for the implementation of national projects using regional personnel competitions. Research prospects may be associated with: identifying value-semantic factors for the development of team capacity and improving the efficiency and productivity of project activities in the public administration system; studying the psychobiographical development factors of civil servants’ readiness to fulfill certain management and commanding roles; developing the tools for assessing the management team in the public administration system as a group entity of the activities; improving the technology of regional personnel competitions as a tool for selecting effective management teams.
    Keywords: National projects, regional authorities, project office, management teams, regional personnel competitions, criteria and indicators of team activities, team selection and formation, comprehensive resource analysis, personal and professional resources, team resources, managerial and team roles
    JEL: R13 R58 E61 Y80
    Date: 2021–11
  5. By: Rainer Widmann (MPI-IC)
    Abstract: There are different forms of public support for industrial R&D. Some attempt to increase innovation by prompting firms to undertake more challenging projects than they would otherwise do. Access to a dataset from one such program, the Austrian Research Promotion Agency, allows me to examine the effect of research grants on firms' patenting outcomes. My estimates suggest that a government research grant increases the propensity to file a patent application with the European Patent Office by around 12 percentage points. Stronger effects appear for more experienced firms of advanced age. Additional evidence indicates that grants induce experienced firms to develop unconventional patents and patents that draw on knowledge novel to the firm. I interpret the findings in a "exploration vs. exploitation" model, in which grants are targeted at ambitious projects that face internal competition from more conventional projects within firms. The model shows that this mechanism is more salient in experienced firms, leading to a stronger response in behavior for this group of firms.
    JEL: O38
    Date: 2023–08–21
  6. By: Yeboah, Samuel; Boateng Prempeh, Kwadwo
    Abstract: This systematic review explores the role of environmental finance in advancing sustainable development in developing countries through the implementation of green growth strategies. Environmental finance involves the allocation of financial resources to support projects aimed at mitigating environmental challenges and promoting a transition towards a greener economy. The review examines various sources of environmental finance, including public, private, and international funding mechanisms, and assesses their effectiveness in funding initiatives that address climate change, conservation, and sustainable economic growth. The study also highlights challenges and opportunities associated with mobilizing environmental finance in developing nations, emphasizing the need for innovative financing mechanisms, capacity building, and international collaboration. By analysing empirical evidence and case studies, this review contributes to a comprehensive understanding of how environmental finance can play a pivotal role in shaping the sustainable development trajectory of developing countries.
    Keywords: Environmental finance, green growth strategies, sustainable development, developing countries, funding mechanisms, climate finance, renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, international cooperation, financial innovation
    JEL: O16 O44 Q56
    Date: 2023–06–12
  7. By: Damien Douani (Chercheur indépendant); Thomas Michaud (ISI - Centre de recherche sur l’Innovation et les Stratégies Industrielles - ULCO - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale); Laurent Ponthou (Orange Innovation)
    Abstract: Corporate science fiction consists of producing prospective videos featuring new services or technological innovations. Between 1997 and 2003, France Telecom R&D produced dozens of prospective scenarios, imagining the telecommunications technologies of the future. This article presents the history and characteristics of this original project thanks to the testimony of actors involved in the production of these short films. Moreover, in this article we view audiovisual fiction in a historical perspective by considering the extent to which they anticipate the emergence of design fiction, which is a creative technique that takes inspiration from science fiction to prototype new objects. Several iconic videos have demonstrated their ability to anticipate by several years major innovations such as telepresence, smartphones, voice control applications and many other Internet- and virtual-related technologies. These films essentially play an evangelistic role and have been used to test new concepts with future users.
    Abstract: La science-fiction d'entreprise consiste à créer notamment des vidéos prospectives mettant en scène de nouveaux services ou des innovations technologiques. France Télécom R&D a produit entre 1997 et 2003 des dizaines de scénarios prospectifs imaginant les technologies de télécommunications du futur. Cet article présente l'histoire et les caractéristiques de ce projet original grâce au témoignage d'acteurs impliqués dans la réalisation de ces courts-métrages. De plus, il place des fictions audiovisuelles dans une perspective historique en envisageant dans quelle mesure elles anticipèrent l'émergence du design fiction, cette technique de créativité reposant sur l'utilisation de la science-fiction pour prototyper de nouveaux objets. Plusieurs vidéos emblématiques ont démontré leur capacité à anticiper de plusieurs années des innovations majeures comme la téléprésence, les smartphones, les applications de commande vocale, et bon nombre de technologies relatives à Internet et au virtuel. Ces films ont essentiellement joué un rôle d'évangélisation et servirent à tester de nouveaux concepts auprès des futurs utilisateurs.
    Keywords: Science Fiction, Videos, Telecommunications, France Télécom R&D, Design fiction, Prospective, Science-fiction, Innovation, Vidéos, Design Fiction, Télécommunications
    Date: 2023
  8. By: Muhammad Ahmed Zubair (Ministry of Planning, Development, and Special Initiatives, Islamabad); Shahid Cheema (Ministry of Planning, Development, and Special Initiatives, Islamabad); Zeeshan Inam (Ministry of Planning, Development, and Special Initiatives, Islamabad); Mahmood Khalid (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad); Ahsan ul Haq Satti (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)
    Abstract: Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) is an instrument to implement the Govt’s development priorities. Federal PSDP is aligned towards objectives / Targets of Annual/Five-year plans/ Vision. The Government provides infrastructure, builds up national capital, develops human capital, initiates various sectoral programme. Public investment has a multiplier effect on economic growth. It impacts the private sector investment, leverages potential of the economy for creation of much needed social goods and acts as enablers of private investment. The economically and financially viable projects are prioritised and financed under PSDP. Efforts are made to utilise scarce public resources optimally and efficiently to attain long run sustainable development goals.
    Date: 2023
  9. By: Jorge Guzman; Fiona Murray; Scott Stern; Heidi L. Williams
    Abstract: Motivated by the establishment of major U.S. Federal programs seeking to harness the potential of regional innovation ecosystems, we assess the promise and challenges of place-based innovation policy interventions. Relative to traditional research grants, place-based innovation policy interventions are not directed toward a specific research project but rather aim to reshape interactions among researchers and other stakeholders within a given geographic location. The most recent such policy - the NSF “Engines” program - is designed to enhance the productivity and impact of the investments made within a given regional innovation ecosystem. The impact of such an intervention depends on whether, in its implementation, it induces change in the behavior of individuals and the ways in which knowledge is distributed and translated within that ecosystem. While this logic is straightforward, from it follows an important insight: innovation ecosystem interventions – Engines -- are more likely to succeed when they account for the current state of a given regional ecosystem (latent capacities, current bottlenecks, and economic and institutional constraints) and when they involve extended commitments by multiple stakeholders within that ecosystem. We synthesize the logic, key dependencies, and opportunities for real-time assessment and course correction for these place-based innovation policy interventions.
    JEL: D78 L2 O3
    Date: 2023–08

This nep-ppm issue is ©2023 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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