nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2023‒05‒08
eight papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Chinese overseas development funds: An assessment of their sustainability approaches By Mathias Lund Larsen; Tancrède Voituriez; Christoph Nedopil
  2. Application of Grey System Theory in Construction Management By Phu Pham, Cuong; Thanh Phan, Phuong; Nguyen, Phong Thanh
  3. Developing a framework for scaling M-governance in Asia: Issues and Challenges By Maestracci, Aria
  4. Analysis of the influences of the environment: towards an extension of the PESTEL model with regard to the 17 objectives of sustainable development By Patrice Ballester
  5. Comment conduire un projet de prévention primaire des RPS ? Les enseignements d’un projet déployé dans une pharmacie à usage intérieur d’un hôpital public By Christophe Baret; Sandra Durand
  6. Interactions entre le capital intellectuel et l'innovation dans les services : étude de cas By Débora Allam-Firley
  7. Recommended Approach for Use of Cradle-to-Gate Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) in Procurement of Civil Infrastructure Materials By Harvey, John T; Butt, Ali A
  8. Translation and adaptation processes in TALIS 2018 By OECD

  1. By: Mathias Lund Larsen (CBS - Copenhagen Business School [Copenhagen]); Tancrède Voituriez (IDDRI - Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales - Institut d'Études Politiques [IEP] - Paris, Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement); Christoph Nedopil (UCAS - University of Chinese Academy of Sciences [Beijing])
    Abstract: A growing number of emerging economies receive significant parts of their overseas finance and investment from Chinese state-owned or state-linked institutions. While academic research has focused on how Chinese policy and state-owned banks approach sustainable development issues, Chinese sovereign-backed overseas development funds are a critical yet overlooked component. This paper addresses this knowledge gap by providing the first comprehensive overview of such funds regarding their scope, activities and capitalization, as well as by assessing the funds' policy approach to sustainability. Qualitative and quantitative data are collected from databases, funds' websites, newspaper articles and public statements in both Chinese and English to identify common features between funds and to analyse their sustainability policies in comparison with global best practices. The paper specifically analyses the funds' sustainability approaches rather than impact due to a lack of comprehensive data on the funds' investments. First, the paper finds that given their number, announced capital size of US$213 billion, geographic scope and sectorial focus, including on high-emissions projects such as mining, energy and heavy industry, the funds are influential players in global development finance. Second, regarding the funds' approaches to sustainability, the paper finds that the funds lack transparency about their policies and practices,
    Keywords: investment funds, china, Sustainability
    Date: 2023–03–29
  2. By: Phu Pham, Cuong; Thanh Phan, Phuong; Nguyen, Phong Thanh
    Abstract: Materials are an important input in building construction. They account for a substantial proportion of investment capital and construction volume. However, as material prices are often affected by the market, choosing the right construction supplier is not an easy decision for contractors, especially for those materials required during the finishing phase of construction. As one of these finishing materials is paint, identifying core criteria for evaluating and selecting the best construction paint supplier is a crucial economic choice for construction contractors. Assessing the importance of these criteria is a complex multi-criteria decision-making problem. To reflect the risks and uncertainties in this problem, this paper presents a grey system theory approach to prioritize important criteria for selecting paint material suppliers in construction projects.
    Keywords: construction management; project management; evaluation and selection criteria; material management; paint supplier; grey theory
    JEL: C8 L74 N6 O18
    Date: 2022–01
  3. By: Maestracci, Aria
    Abstract: In the world today, there is no doubt that a ubiquitous acceptance of m-governance has rocked the governing systems to a considerable degree with regards to the evolution of governance as a result of widespread global acceptance of electronic governance. As a way of achieving good governance through the implementation of m-governance, mobile technologies are being utilized in order to enable the delivery of public services that improve the quality of governance as part of m-governance. There have been dozens of mobile projects implemented in various ministries of various Asian governments over the past decade that have been initiated and implemented as of late. A number of these initiatives aim to improve basic infrastructure, increase mobile literacy among employees, develop skilled manpower, and enable certain services to be more mobile friendly in the future. These mobile projects are often the manifestation of a government that has started a journey with a strong focus on mobile at the state and national levels in order to pave the way for m-governance to be implemented in Asian countries in the near future. With the advancement of m-governance systems, we will witness transparency, reduced service delivery times, a reduction in poverty, corruption, and the strengthening of democratic practices through participation of the people and the promotion of good governance practices as the system progresses. Despite the challenges associated with implementing m-governance successfully in Asian countries, the purpose of this paper is to discuss the scope and challenges of implementing it successfully, as well as to offer some recommendations on how to accomplish this goal. A bird's eye view of the changing landscape of m-governance in Asia is provided by this research, and it provides a summary of the body of scholarship that has appeared in the recent past to provide a summary of all the recent research articles that have been published on the subject. As Asian as well as the rest of the world is developing, the emergence of m-governance projects and where they are headed will prove very useful and informative for the rest of the world as well. There is still a significant amount of effort being put into developing mobile technologies in Asia-Pacific countries to provide better financial management information and reporting, streamline the delivery of government services, enhance communication with the citizens, and serve as catalysts for empowering citizens to interact with their governments.
    Keywords: m-governance, m-governance benefits, m-government attributes, m-government challenges, effective m-governance
    JEL: O1 O19 O2 O21 O3 O31 O35 O38
    Date: 2023–04–02
  4. By: Patrice Ballester (M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, AFM - Association française du marketing (AFM), Euridis - Euridis Business School)
    Abstract: We present a new marketing and economic diagnostic matrix revisited from the PESTEL analysis, namely the PESTEL – ID: analysis of environmental influences: towards an extension of the PESTEL model with regard to the 17 objectives of sustainable development. A PESTEL analysis is based on an in-depth study of the macro-economic context of the company. It analyzes the market, the risks management and offers both quantitative and qualitative analysis. It is important to recognize the main factors that structure the market society, having as a consequence direct or indirect effects on the company and its strategy within an open market. The result of this analysis is presented in the proposal of an inventory of risks and opportunities, serving as a solid foundation for other studies in the context of strategic marketing. To use this analysis, it is necessary to have a good general knowledge, to be open to multiple sources of information and to have a spirit of synthesis allowing to better understand the macroeconomic issues of a company or of a project to be carried out. Following the organization of COP 21 and the ratification of the Paris Agreement, the member states of the European Union adopted the European Green Deal. Launched in 2019, this priority innovation and investment plan articulates several aspects of the economic, social and ecological transition. Due to their fundamental missions, our higher education and research establishments are at the crossroads of the issues of sustainable development and social and environmental responsibility in France. Indeed, to meet the expectations of today's learners and meet the challenges of tomorrow's socio-economic world, our institutions must not only produce and transmit new knowledge, but also appropriate it in their context, on their campus. , within their teams. In addition, our institutions must also position themselves to take into account the environmental and social impacts of research, ensuring that activities are ethical and meet international standards, taking into account sustainability in the planning and implementation research implementation, encouraging these practices to promote sustainable research publication, while providing resources to help researchers adopt sustainable practices in their work. This conference proposes to provide tools for reflection specific to the context of ESR and to bring out concrete courses of action shared by the invited specialists. In the context of Sustainable Development and Social Responsibility, as new approaches to the piloting service of universities,
    Abstract: Une analyse PESTEL repose sur une étude fouillée du contexte macro-économique de l'entreprise. Elle analyse le marché, les risques et propose une analyse à la fois quantitative et qualitative. Il convient de reconnaître les principaux facteurs qui structurent la société marchande en ayant comme conséquence des effets directs ou indirects sur l'entreprise et sa stratégie au sein d'un marché ouvert. Nous présentons une nouvelle matrice de diagnostic marketing et économique revisitée à partir de l'analyse PESTEL, à savoir le PESTEL – ID : analyse des influences de l'environnement: vers un élargissement du modèle PESTEL aux regards des 17 objectifs du développement durable. Le résultat de cette analyse s'expose sous la proposition d'un inventaire des risques et des opportunités, servant de fondement solide à d'autres études dans le cadre du marketing stratégique. Pour employer cette analyse, il est nécessaire de disposer d'une bonne culture générale, d'être ouvert à de multiples sources d'information et d'avoir un esprit de synthèse permettant de mieux cerner les enjeux macro-économiques d'une entreprise ou d'un projet à mener. À la suite de l'organisation de la COP 21 et de la ratification de l'Accord de Paris, les états-membres de l'Union Européenne ont adopté le pacte vert pour l'Europe. Lancé en 2019 ce plan d'innovation et d'investissement prioritaire articule plusieurs volets de la transition économique, sociale et écologique. De par leurs missions fondamentales, nos établissements d'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche se trouvent à la croisée des problématiques de développement durable et de responsabilité sociétale et environnementale en France. En effet, pour répondre aux attentes des apprenants d'aujourd'hui et relever les défis du monde socio-économique de demain, nos établissements doivent non seulement produire et transmettre de nouvelles connaissances, mais aussi se les approprier dans leur contexte, sur leur campus, au sein de leurs équipes. En outre, nos établissements doivent également se positionner afin de prendre en compte les impacts environnementaux et sociaux de la recherche, en veillant à ce que les activités soient éthiques et respectent les normes internationales, en prenant en compte la durabilité dans la planification et la mise en œuvre de la recherche, en encourageant ces pratiques pour promouvoir la publication de recherches durables, le tout en fournissant des ressources pour aider les chercheurs à adopter des pratiques durables dans leur travail. Cette conférence propose d'outiller la réflexion spécifique au contexte de l'ESR et de faire émerger des pistes d'action concrètes partagées par les spécialistes invités. Dans le cadre d'un développement Durable et de Responsabilité Sociétale, comme nouvelles approches au service pilotage des universités.
    Keywords: management, economy, marketing, communication, CSR, PESTEL, risk management, university, sustainable development, global change, économie, RSE, risque du marché, université, développement durable, changement global
    Date: 2023–03–09
  5. By: Christophe Baret (LEST - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Sociologie du Travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Sandra Durand (LEST - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Sociologie du Travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Given the high exposure of personnel to psychosocial risks (PSR) factors, hospitals are encouraged to deploy prevention projects. However, the steps taken are considered unsatisfactory given that they are part of individual and non-organizational approaches. They are mainly at the secondary (training of individuals to help them cope with the risks) and tertiary (medical or psychological support for people who are at risk) levels and not at the primary level (identification and treatment of organizational factors generating risks). The latter is considered to be the most effective but also the most complex to decline because it involves calling into question the organization of work. Faced with this problem, the literature overflows with lists of good practices falling within the primary level of prevention, but it remains relatively silent on the concrete methods which make it possible to enforce them operationally. It is with the aim of producing knowledge on the "how to" that we analyzed the deployment of a project for prevention of PSR carried out in a pharmacy for interior use of a public hospital in France. By adopting a research-intervention approach, we analyzed the 15 preventive actions proposed by the expression group as well as the support measures adopted by the intervenor to allow the group to take a step back and undertake an in-depth analysis of the work organization.
    Abstract: Compte tenu de la forte exposition des personnels aux facteurs de RPS, les hôpitaux sont encouragés à déployer des projets de prévention. Cependant, les démarches entreprises sont jugées insatisfaisantes compte tenu du fait qu'elles s'inscrivent dans des approches individuelles et non organisationnelles. Elles relèvent essentiellement des niveaux secondaires (formation des individus pour les aider à faire face aux risques) et tertiaires (soutien médical ou psychologique des personnes victimes d'un risque) et non du niveau primaire (identification et traitement des facteurs organisationnels générateurs de risques). Ce dernier est considéré comme étant le plus efficace mais également le plus complexe à décliner car il suppose de remettre en cause l'organisation du travail. Face à cette problématique, la littérature déborde de listes de bonnes pratiques s'inscrivant dans le niveau primaire de prévention mais elle reste relativement muette sur les modalités concrètes qui permettent de les décliner opérationnellement. C'est dans l'objectif de produire des connaissances sur le « comment faire » que nous avons analysé le déploiement d'un projet de prévention des RPS conduit au sein d'une pharmacie à usage intérieur (PUI) d'un centre hospitalier public en France. En adoptant une démarche de recherche-intervention, nous avons analysé les 15 actions de prévention proposées par le groupe de travail ainsi que les mesures d'accompagnement adoptées par l'intervenant pour permettre au groupe de prendre du recul et engager une analyse approfondie du travail.
    Keywords: prevention, psychosocial risks, intervention-research, hospital, prévention, risques psychosociaux, recherche-intervention, hôpital
    Date: 2022–03–22
  6. By: Débora Allam-Firley (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - LABEX ICCA - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - Université Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris 3 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPCité - Université Paris Cité - Université Sorbonne Paris Nord - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - Université Sorbonne Paris Nord, CREDDI - Centre de Recherche en Economie et en Droit du Développement Insulaire [UR7_2] - UA - Université des Antilles)
    Abstract: L'innovation dans les services, parce qu'elle repose sur des éléments informels et intangibles, ne peut être évaluée sur critères établis dans un cadre technologiste ou produit-centré. Le développement des activités de service rend pourtant nécessaire une meilleure compréhension des mécanismes à l'œuvre dans la démarche d'innovation servicielle. En mobilisant le cadre théorique du capital intellectuel, cette communication questionne les impacts de l'innovation sur les collaborateurs, les emplois et leur capacité à innover. L'étude de cas unique, réalisée dans une entreprise d'assurances, a permis d'observer in situ la façon dont la formalisation des processus d'innovation favorise la démarche et en améliore l'efficacité. Les résultats suggèrent en outre que l'innovation améliore les compétences des collaborateurs mais également leur capacité à innover. Cette mise en perspective originale souligne ainsi des interactions entre innovation, capital humain et capital structurel qui ne sont pas linéaires, et contribue à une meilleure compréhension du phénomène.
    Keywords: Innovation de services, impact, capital humain, assurances, capital intellectuel
    Date: 2022–03–24
  7. By: Harvey, John T; Butt, Ali A
    Abstract: Procurement of more environmentally sustainable materials for civil infrastructure can be supported using environmental product declarations (EPDs). An EPD is a standardized label that is a scientifically sound way to communicate the potential environmental impacts and selected resource use and waste production flows from all or part of the life cycle of a product. To be called a Type III EPD, the life cycle assessment (LCA) for products used in civil infrastructure must be performed in accordance with ISO standards and the relevant product category rule (PCR) for the product type. Most EPDs for civil infrastructure materials in North America are “cradle-to-gate”, i.e., they include the impacts from the extraction of raw materials from the earth and end at the point at which the product is ready to leave the gate of the last manufacturing location. The steps leading to publication of an EPD include: 1) Developing the PCR, 2) Developing the LCA for the EPD, 3) Creating the EPD, and 4) Verification and publishing of the EPD. Industry-average, regional-average, product-specific, and facility-specific EPDs—with differing specificity to a particular product—are used for different purposes. EPDs are a source of data for materials impacts for use in assessment of the complete life cycle. They provide information to identify changes in impacts that can be made early in the materials production. They also can be used to help procure lower impact materials. This white paper discusses benefits of using EPDs and makes recommendations for improving their validity. Several areas needing improvement in current use in procurement are identified and recommendations are presented for improving the use of cradle-to-gate EPDs in transport infrastructure construction materials procurement and to provide input to complete life cycle pavement LCA to support decision-making. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Business, Engineering, Cradle to gate, environmental product declaration, life cycle assessment, transport infrastructure materials, procurement, decision support
    Date: 2023–04–01
  8. By: OECD
    Abstract: The international instruments of the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) require national adaptations and translation before data collection processes begin. This paper provides an assessment of the processes used in TALIS 2018, based on an analysis of the documentation available, as well as countries’ descriptions of the processes and challenges undergone during that cycle. The author starts by identifying several positive aspects, highlighting the work of the international contractor, the national centres and national project managers but also suggests areas for improvement. Finally, the paper looks at the new translatability assessment in the current cycle (TALIS 2024) and how it could be even more effective, as well as recommending a series of proposals that could support adaptation and translation processes in future cycles.
    Date: 2023–04–20

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