nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2023‒02‒20
ten papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Entrepreneurship and Territorial Cultural Projects: Towards a Development of Territorial Effectuation Concept By Véronique Favre-Bonté; Marie da Fonséca; Benoît Régent
  2. Integration of an exploration program with its parent organization: A lifecycle perspective By Sihem Ben mahmoud-Jouini; Florence Charue-Duboc
  3. The role of the commune in the territorial process construction, touristic potential us resource- Azeffoun commune case- By Kechih Nadia; Moulai Kamel
  4. New Evidence on the Quality of Public Investment Management in the EU By Cristiana Belu Manescu
  5. Updating the Induced Travel Calculator By Volker, Jamey; Handy, Susan
  6. Country Practices in Project Aid Taxation: Benin, Cameroon and Kenya By Grégoire Rota-Graziosi; Anne-Marie Geourjon; Emilie Caldeira
  7. Tools to Promote Productivity in Finland By Koski, Heli; Maliranta, Mika
  8. Strategies for Promoting the Defense Industry through Facilitation of Rapid Acquisition Pilot Projects in Korea By Jang, Won-Joon; Song, Jae Pil
  9. Gender diversity of research consortia contributes to funding decisions in a multi-stage grant peer-review process By Stefano Bianchini; Patrick Llerena; Sıla Öcalan-Özel; Emre Özel
  10. Policy issues and options in aquatic food systems: Review of frameworks, tools, and studies By Ragasa, Catherine; Loison, Sarah Alobo

  1. By: Véronique Favre-Bonté (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Marie da Fonséca (UPVD - Université de Perpignan Via Domitia); Benoît Régent (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)
    Abstract: This study contributes to the very limited research on territorial entrepreneurship. We have used the effectuation framework for a better understanding of the regional cultural projects we consider to be territorial entrepreneurship. Through two case studies of Territorial Cultural Projects, we show how a territorial entrepreneurship dynamic can be established. This paper thus contributes to the literature on territorial entrepreneurship by identifying both the role of the participants in local entrepreneurship dynamics and the emergence of these dynamics within the territory.
    Abstract: Cette recherche s'inscrit dans les travaux, encore très peu nombreux, qui portent sur l'Entrepreneuriat Territorial. Le cadre de l'effectuation est utilisé pour appréhender les projets culturels de territoire positionnés ici comme de l'Entrepreneuriat Territorial. A travers l'étude de deux cas de Projets Culturels de Territoire nous montrons comment une dynamique territoriale entrepreneuriale peut s'instaurer. Ainsi ce papier contribue à l'état des connaissances sur l'entrepreneuriat territorial en cherchant à identifier d'une part le rôle des acteurs dans les dynamiques locales d'entrepreneuriat, et d'autre part l'émergence de ces dynamiques au sein du territoire.
    Keywords: territorial entrepreneurship, territorial entrepreneurial skills, stakeholders, territorial cultural project, effectuation, projet culturel de territoire, entrepreneuriat territorial, compétence entrepreneuriale territoriale, parties prenantes
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Sihem Ben mahmoud-Jouini (GREGH - Groupement de Recherche et d'Etudes en Gestion à HEC - HEC Paris - Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Florence Charue-Duboc (i3-CRG - Centre de recherche en gestion i3 - X - École polytechnique - Université Paris-Saclay - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Exploration programs are collections of interconnected exploration projects that are identified, coordinated, and managed in order to pursue a strategic objective of exploring radical innovations to be developed by the parent organization. Based on a longitudinal fine-grained study of a firm that has launched such an initiative, we offer a characterization of an exploration program and outline the coexistence of its integration with, as well as its isolation from, its parent organization. This is achieved through mechanisms and boundary activities complementing each other and undertaken by actors involved in the program and located at different levels of the parent organization. We show how this integration with the parent organization evolves between the program initiation and its implementation and how the differences lie in its exploratory nature, i.e., the definition of its scope, which is not known at its launch, the potential leveraging of the firm's existing resources to execute the exploration projects and then to further develop them, and the capitalization on the projects' outcome and the use of the knowledge that has been built in excess. Thus we further bridge the literature on project and program management with the literature on innovation management and show how an exploration program can contribute to achieving ambidexterity at the firm level.
    Keywords: Longitudinal research, exploration project, exploration program, ambidexterity, integration, lifecycle: initiation, implementation
    Date: 2022–07
  3. By: Kechih Nadia (UMMTO - Université Mouloud Mammeri [Tizi Ouzou]); Moulai Kamel (UMMTO - Université Mouloud Mammeri [Tizi Ouzou])
    Abstract: All transformation of any physical space by actors which use its resources, permit it to become territory. Its identity and image depends on the different development projects initiated. The touristic destination is a project to be realized and an objective to be achieved. For this, we have chosen a territory for a study to know the role of the commune in the touristic destination project. It's about Azeffoun commune territory. Key words: territory, territorial project, touristic destination, Azeffoun, local governance.
    Abstract: L'espace physique après sa transformation par un ensemble d'acteurs, qui exploitent ses différentes composantes, devient territoire. L'identité et l'image territoriale dépendent des différents projets de développement menés. La destination touristique est un projet à réaliser et un objectif à atteindre. Nous avons choisit un territoire sur lequel une étude empirique a été faite. Il s'agit de territoire de la commune d'Azeffoun.
    Keywords: territoire destination touristique gouvernance locale projet territorial. Code Jel: Z30 Z32 territory territorial project touristic destination Azeffoun local governance. JEL Classification Codes: Z30 Z32, territoire, destination touristique, gouvernance locale, projet territorial. Code Jel: Z30, Z32 territory, territorial project, touristic destination, Azeffoun, local governance. JEL Classification Codes: Z30, Z32
    Date: 2022–12–04
  4. By: Cristiana Belu Manescu
    Abstract: This paper discusses a number of good practices across the public investment lifecycle, drawing on recent survey evidence from all EU Member States. It points to examples of integrated strategic planning and appraisal/selection models that effectively guide budget allocation and use asset registers as input. It also features examples of independent external reviews, of binding multiannual commitment appropriations over the entire project lifecycle and of electronic monitoring systems. Overall, this paper finds that more significant projects traditionally in the transportation sector are subject to stricter scrutiny. Similarly, EUfinanced investments tend to follow stricter rules throughout the project cycle than nationally financed ones. Finally, evidence also points to wide-ranging reforms of public investment management systems in several Member States, while room for improvement is evident across many Member States, for example, with respect to the coverage of strategic planning and its link with the budget as well as some elements of budgeting and asset registers.
    JEL: H54 H82 H41 H3 E2
    Date: 2022–12
  5. By: Volker, Jamey; Handy, Susan
    Abstract: Expanding roadway capacity often leads to commensurate increases vehicle miles traveled (VMT). This is the “induced travel” effect—a net increase in VMT across the roadway network due to an increase in roadway capacity. This increase in VMT erodes any initial reduction in congestion and causes increased greenhouse gas and local air pollutant emissions. Yet highway expansion projects continue to be proposed across the US, often using congestion relief—and sometimes greenhouse gas reductions— as a justification for adding lanes. The existence of these rosy projections about highway expansion projects indicates that the induced travel effect is often not fully accounted for in travel demand models or in the environmental review process for the projects, as prior research has shown.1 With these problems in mind, researchers at the University of California, Davis developed and launched an online tool in 2019—the NCST Induced Travel Calculator—to help agencies estimate the VMT induced annually by adding lanes to major roadways in California’s urbanized counties. With Calculator use increasing, the UC Davis researchers initiated a project to update the Calculator and improve its functionality based on recent data and empirical research. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Calculators, Traffic forecasting, Travel demand, Vehicle miles of travel
    Date: 2023–01–01
  6. By: Grégoire Rota-Graziosi (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne); Anne-Marie Geourjon (FERDI - Fondation pour les Etudes et Recherches sur le Développement International); Emilie Caldeira (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Clermont Auvergne)
    Date: 2022–12–01
  7. By: Koski, Heli; Maliranta, Mika
    Abstract: Abstract We present an overview of the recent productivity development in Finland. In particular, we focus on what distinguishes companies at the frontier of productivity from other companies. The measures needed to support the development of Finnish companies into high-productivity companies are assessed. Innovation policy measures that promote the creation of innovations that benefit society at large and the dissemination of knowledge in the economy have an exceptionally high national economic productivity growth potential. Such actions include: 1. Allocation of public R&D subsidies i) to companies that have the highest capabilities to produce radical innovation that benefit society more broadly and ii) to projects that require cooperation between companies and universities. 2. Allocation of public funding to the R&D projects taking place in the centers of expertise. 3. Strengthening funding aimed at quantitative and qualitative improvements of basic research and teaching in higher education institutions. 4. Promotion of work-based immigration (accelerating permit processes, financial incentives for skilled immigrants). 5. Ensuring that the product and labor markets are well-functioning and provide an operating environment that encourages companies to make R&D investments and other intangible investments.
    Keywords: Productivity, Economic growth, R&D, Innovation policy
    JEL: L16 O3 O4
    Date: 2023–02–08
  8. By: Jang, Won-Joon (Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade); Song, Jae Pil (Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade)
    Abstract: In May 2022, the new Yoon Suk-yeol government has presented a new goal for national defense dubbed the AI Science and Technology Strong Force, and announced that it will reform the overall defense R&D system so that civilian technology can be applied to defense in a timely manner. In particular, the new government plans to establish a new Defense Force Augmentation Process so that rapidly developing science and technologies can be utilized promptly. From 2017 to 2021, arms exports from the Republic of Korea (RoK) increased by 177 percent compared to the previous five years from 2012 to 2016, ranking eighth in the world. During the same period, RoK’s share of the global arms export market share was 2.8 percent. Despite this surprising performance in arms exports, the RoK defense industry is mired in a slow, rigid, and expensive weapon acquisition structure today compared to the USA and other advanced countries. If it continues to rely on this traditional acquisition system, it will be very difficult to quickly apply cutting edge technologies to the defense sector to foster the AI S&T Strong Force. Given the above, the purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a rapid acquisition system in Korea, which is essential to innovate defense industry into a global leading industry in the future. This study examines recent trends in global defense innovation, including the rapid acquisition system, and overviews the current status and problems of the Rapid Acquisition Pilot Project that began in 2020. Based on the results of the analysis, this paper presents policy recommendations for a rapid acquisition system at the level of advanced countries in the near future.
    Keywords: defense; defense industry; rapid acquisition; defense innovation; defense sector; arms manufacturing; arms exports; defense exports; Korea; defense R&D; R&D
    JEL: O25 O33 O38
    Date: 2022–08–01
  9. By: Stefano Bianchini (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - AgroParisTech - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Patrick Llerena (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - AgroParisTech - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Sıla Öcalan-Özel (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - AgroParisTech - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Emre Özel (BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - AgroParisTech - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)
    Abstract: This study seeks to draw connections between the grant proposal peer-review and the gender representation in research consortia. We examined the implementation of a multidisciplinary, pan-European funding scheme-EUROpean COllaborative RESearch Scheme (2003-2015)-and the reviewers' materials that this generated. EUROCORES promoted investigator-driven, multinational collaborative research in multiple scientific areas and brought together 9158 Principal Investigators (PI) who teamed up in 1347 international consortia that were sequentially evaluated by 467 expert panel members and 1862 external reviewers. We found systematically unfavourable evaluations for consortia with a higher proportion of female PIs. This gender effect was evident in the evaluation outcomes of both panel members and reviewers: applications from consortia with a higher share of female scientists were less successful in panel selection and received lower scores from external reviewers. Interestingly, we found a systematic discrepancy between the evaluative language of written review reports and the scores assigned by reviewers that works against consortia with a higher share of female participants. Reviewers did not perceive female scientists as being less competent in their comments, but they were negatively sensitive to a high female ratio within a consortium when scoring the proposed research project.
    Date: 2022
  10. By: Ragasa, Catherine; Loison, Sarah Alobo
    Abstract: Although policies can be critical constraining or enabling factors for aquatic food systems (AqFS) development, scarce evaluation of the impacts of existing policies means that decision-makers have limited understanding of how to improve the design and implementation of effective policies. This paper reviews key policy issues in AqFS and how they have been analyzed and assessed to provide context-tailored policy options and guidance. Our review shows that countries face many policy issues but have little analysis on them. Despite the availability of a wide variety of frameworks, concepts, tools, methods, and approaches, their application in empirical analysis to solve policy issues in AqFS has been limited. More research is available on local- and community-level governance of fisheries, but less on national or subnational policies and regulations in AqFS. The few available policy studies focus on developed countries, with fewer applications in developing countries where growth of the aquaculture and fisheries sectors is much stronger. The studies provide useful policy options and guidance, and this review highlights the need for more such studies to address policy-related issues in the sector.
    Keywords: fisheries governance; decision making; evaluation; evaluation techniques; fishery management; governance; implementation; literature reviews; policy; regulations; research; aquatic food systems (AqFS); policy analysis
    Date: 2022

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