nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒10‒17
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Maturité numérique du Maroc : Une analyse comparative dans le contexte des valeurs de l'indice de préparation aux réseaux By Karim Ghanouane; Taoufik Benkaraache
  2. Corruption risks loom large over financing of green infrastructure By Creon Butler; Sean Hagan; Dominic Martin
  3. Malaria and Chinese Economic Activities in Africa By Cervellati, Matteo; Esposito, Elena; Sunde, Uwe; Yuan, Song
  4. Effect of Research and Development on Firm Value: Cross-country Evidence from the Technological Sector By Qadir, Diary
  5. Culture and the creative economy in Glasgow city region, Scotland, United Kingdom By OECD

  1. By: Karim Ghanouane (UH2MC - Université Hassan II [Casablanca]); Taoufik Benkaraache (UH2MC - Université Hassan II [Casablanca])
    Abstract: Digital transformation is characterised by the combination of advanced technologies, the integration of physical and digital systems, innovative business models, new production processes and the creation of products and services based on advanced knowledge of needs (Almeida et al., 2020). Fitzgerald et al. (2014) distinguished between digital transformation and digital project, for the authors many projects are digital, but not transformational. In contrast to digital projects, which are about applying digital technologies to speed up business processes, eliminate inefficiencies and/or reduce costs, or even sell more; digital transformation explicitly involves using digital technologies to drive significant changes in the company's business model (Soto-Acosta, 2020). Driven by the Covid 19 crisis, the world has experienced a digital acceleration of a scale and magnitude that few would have imagined possible a few years ago (Dutta and Lanvin, 2021). Some emerging economies have taken advantage of this new normativity to accelerate their own digital transformation, but other economies have had to battle against being vulnerable to new kinds of digital fractures (Dutta and Lanvin, 2021). In such an international climate, Morocco is no stranger to the rule. In fact, the country has engaged in a digital transformation dynamic in order to provide continuity of public service (distance learning, assistance to vulnerable people, legal assistance...). The objective of this research paper is to perform a comparative analysis of the digital intensity and maturity of the Moroccan economy based on the evolution of the network readiness index, proposed by the World Economic Forum, over a period from 2013 to 2021. The findings of this study have implications for policy makers in order to take the necessary measures to correct the digital fracture resulting from the Covid 19 crisis. In addition, the results based on the network readiness index provide visibility to policymakers on the impact of technological progress on the economic and human dimensions.
    Abstract: La transformation digitale se caractérise par la combinaison des technologies avancées, l'intégration de systèmes physiques et numérique, des modèles d'affaires innovants, de nouveaux processus de production et la création de produits et services basés sur la connaissance avancée des besoins (Almeida et al., 2020). Fitzgerald et autres (2014) ont distingué entre la transformation digitale et le projet numérique, pour les auteurs de nombreux projet sont numérique, mais pas transformationnels. Contrairement aux projets numériques qui consistent à appliquer des technologies numériques pour accélérer les processus métier, éliminer les inefficacités et/ou réduire les coûts, voire vendre davantage ; la transformation digitale implique explicitement l'utilisation des technologies numérique pour conduire des changements significatifs dans le modèle d'affaires de l'entreprise (Soto-Acosta, 2020). Porté par la crise du Covid 19, le monde a assisté à une accélération numérique d'une ampleur et d'une magnitude que peu auraient imaginées possibles il y a quelques années (Dutta et Lanvin, 2021). Certains pays émergents ont profité de cette nouvelle normalité pour accélérer leur propre transformation numérique, mais d'autres économies ont dû lutter contre l'exposition à de nouveaux types de fractures numériques (Dutta et Lanvin, 2021). Dans un tel climat international, le Maroc ne déroge pas à la règle. En effet, le pays s'est engagé dans une dynamique de transformation digitale afin d'assurer la continuité du service public (enseignement à distance, assistance aux personnes vulnérables, assistance juridique…). L'objectif de ce papier de recherche est de réaliser une analyse comparative en ce qui concerne l'intensité et la maturité numérique de l'économie marocaine sur la base de l'évolution de l'indice de préparation aux réseaux, proposé par le forum économie mondiale, sur une période de 2013 à 2021. Les conclusions de cette étude ont des implications pour les décideurs, afin de prendre les mesures nécessaires pour corriger la fracture numérique, résultante de la crise sanitaire du Covid 19. Par ailleurs, les résultats basés sur l'indice de préparation aux réseaux, offrent une visibilité au gouvernant sur l'impact du progrès technologique sur les dimensions économique et humaine
    Keywords: Digital maturity,Covid 19,Morocco,network readiness index,Maturité numérique,Maroc,indice de préparation aux réseaux
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Creon Butler (Chatham House); Sean Hagan (Peterson Institute for International Economics); Dominic Martin (Transparency International UK)
    Abstract: Governments and public international organizations are making a concerted effort to provide large amounts of money to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (climate mitigation) or adapt to the effects of climate change (climate adaptation). But there is a significant risk that the infrastructure projects where much of this climate financing will need to be targeted will be undermined by corruption--from bribery and kickbacks to fraud and embezzlement. The threat is increased by the scale of the climate financing being provided and the speed with which the required projects need to be completed. This Policy Brief identifies key corruption risks that threaten climate infrastructure financing and the best practices that can alleviate these risks.
    Date: 2022–09
  3. By: Cervellati, Matteo (University of Bologna, CEPR and IZA); Esposito, Elena (HEC and University of Lausanne); Sunde, Uwe (LMU Munich, CEPR and IZA); Yuan, Song (University of Warwick)
    Abstract: We present novel evidence for the influence of malaria exposure on the geographic location of Chinese economic activities in Africa. The hypothesis is based on the observation that many Chinese aid projects and infrastructure contractors rely on Chinese personnel. High malaria exposure might constitute an important impediment to their employment and productivity. Combining data on Chinese aid and construction projects with geo-localized information about the presence of individuals from internet posts reveals a lower density of Chinese activities and of Chinese workers in areas with a high malaria exposure. This effect is mitigated partly through heterogeneity across sectors and immunity of the local population, through the selection of Chinese workers from regions in China with historically high malaria risk, and through the availability of malaria treatment.
    Keywords: infrastructure projects; malaria; disease prevalence; immunity; weibo;
    JEL: F2 F6 J2 J6
    Date: 2021–11–11
  4. By: Qadir, Diary
    Abstract: The trend of research and development trend has been dramatically upward over the last few decades. Companies, particularly from the technological sectors, invest huge amount of resources on R&D. It is seen as a key competition factor in the sector. In this project it has three big companies which are Apple and Microsoft, Huawei companies. This project’s aim is comparison between stock price and research and development costs, the method of this project is secondary data in 2011-2021 years then calculation descriptive statistic and regression analysis and correlation and coefficient among those three companies. The result shows Apple and Microsoft Company is higher in stock price and research & development than Huawei Company and significant, and Huawei Company is less than the Apple and Microsoft and Non-significant.
    Keywords: Research and development, firm value, stock price and technological sector
    JEL: G32 O3
    Date: 2022
  5. By: OECD
    Abstract: Cultural and creative sectors are a significant driver of local development through job creation and income generation, spurring innovation across the economy. Beyond their economic impacts, they also have significant social impacts, from supporting health and well-being to promoting social inclusion and local social capital. Glasgow City Region in Scotland, United Kingdom has a long history of transformative cultural policy. Cultural and creative sectors are now one of the region’s strengths. This paper provides an overview of cultural and creative sectors in the Glasgow City Region, highlighting trends in employment, business dynamics, entrepreneurship and financing as well as cultural participation. It offers analysis and recommendations to support the region in continuing to build on its local cultural and creative ecosystem.
    Keywords: creative industries, cultural employment, culture and local development
    JEL: I31 Z1
    Date: 2022–10–05

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