nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒10‒03
four papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Unfolding innovation lab services in public hospitals: a hospital FabLab case study By Ambre Scarmoncin; Clothilde Portelli; Ferney Osorio; Guillaume Eckerlein
  2. The external effects of public housing developments on informal housing: The case of Medellín, Colombia By Posada, Hector M.; García-Suaza, Andrés; Londoño, David
  3. Implementation of Circular Business Models for Olive Oil Waste and By-Product Valorization By Mechthild Donner; Ivana Radić; Yamna Erraach; Fatima El Hadad-Gauthier
  4. Micro-data based insights on trends in business R&D performance and funding: Findings from the OECD microBeRD+ project By Silvia Appelt; Matej Bajgar; Chiara Criscuolo; Fernando Galindo-Rueda

  1. By: Ambre Scarmoncin (AP-HP - Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP)); Clothilde Portelli (Humaniteam Design); Ferney Osorio (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Guillaume Eckerlein (AP-HP - Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP))
    Abstract: Along with the first pandemic wave of COVID-19, many makers' initiatives shed light on the innovative potential of developing computer assisted machinery services for the health sector. Even since before that, collaborative innovation structures such as FabLabs have been arising in public health institutions, which indicates the increasing demand for technological tools as well as innovation assistance in the public health sector. However, how FabLabs facilitate innovation processes contingent on hospital context is a question that needs to be further explored. In this article, a single case study on the Hephaïstos FabLab at the Bicêtre Hospital in France is developed in order to understand the role that a FabLab service can play in fostering innovation in a hospital ecosystem. The results show how innovation is stimulated by the FabLab proximity, the methodological approach developed by the FabLab team and the participants' profiles. These insights are pertinent for hospital managers to help identify strategies and ensure continuity of a FabLab service.
    Keywords: public hospital,health institution,innovation,design thinking,FabLab
    Date: 2022–06–19
  2. By: Posada, Hector M.; García-Suaza, Andrés; Londoño, David
    Abstract: Provision of new subsidized housing projects has proven to be an effective alternative to reduce the high level of quantitative housing deficit in developing countries. However less is known about how these housing projects affect the quality of the surrounding habitat, especially when projects are located in areas with high levels of precarious housing. Using highly granular public information from Medellin, Colombia, we estimate the causal effect of new social housing projects (VIS) on housing quality indicators in the neighborhood. To estimate this causal effect, we use the geological quality of the land as an instrumental variable for a measure of exposition to new social housing projects. Our results show that new VIS projects lead to a reduction of informal housing, poverty, and crime in the neighborhood.
    Keywords: Public housing; Informal housing; Neighborhoods; Developing country
    JEL: R23 R31 R58
    Date: 2022–09
  3. By: Mechthild Donner (INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Ivana Radić (INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Yamna Erraach (INAT - Institut National Agronomique de Tunisie); Fatima El Hadad-Gauthier (CIHEAM-IAMM - Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen de Montpellier - CIHEAM - Centre International de Hautes Études Agronomiques Méditerranéennes)
    Abstract: Mediterranean olive oil producers have multiple incentives for adopting circular business models and better resource management, facing water scarcity and huge amounts of waste, but also seeing new opportunities for value creation. This article aimed to understand how circular business models valorizing olive oil waste and by-products are implemented. Ten business cases from six Mediterranean countries were studied, mainly based on semi-structured interviews with enterprise managers. Data were analyzed according to the business model canvas elements, success factors, and barriers while considering the institutional context. The results highlight the diversity of activities, types of resources used, and partnerships and products offered in different market segments. The principles of biowaste conversion and circularity, such as cascading, upcycling, recycling, and recovering, are all applied. The key success factors comprise an environmental concern, knowledge about biotechnologies, markets and logistics, a long-term commitment to the sector, local availability of resources, legislation, subsidies, and product acceptance by consumers. The main barriers include a lack of specific public financial support, an insufficient knowledge transfer from research to olive oil producers, and a lack of articulation of needs for research by the enterprises. More public-private collaborations and multi-stakeholder projects are needed for further shifting to a circular economy in the olive oil sector.
    Keywords: circular economy,bioeconomy,business models,sustainable production,agricultural waste and by-products,Mediterranean olive oil sector
    Date: 2022–07–20
  4. By: Silvia Appelt; Matej Bajgar; Chiara Criscuolo; Fernando Galindo-Rueda
    Abstract: This report presents new insights on trends in business R&D performance and funding, drawing on the micro-aggregated R&D and tax relief statistics collected for 21 OECD countries as part of the OECD microBeRD project. Micro-aggregated statistics provide an important input for policy analysis, highlighting important variations in business R&D performance and funding across industries and different types of firms that are hard to uncover based on aggregate R&D and tax relief statistics. They shed light on country and industry specific trends in the concentration of R&D activity, business R&D dynamics, the structure of R&D performance among different types of firms and the way that they fund their R&D activities. Such evidence can be relevant in assessing the contribution of different types of firms (e.g. young firms, foreign-controlled affiliates) and individuals (e.g. female R&D staff, doctorate holders) to research and development in the business sector and designing business R&D support policies.
    Keywords: additionality, government support, impacts, research and development, tax incentives
    JEL: O38 H25 L25
    Date: 2022–09–16

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