nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒06‒20
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Ethical decision-making in the work of project leaders - why ethics gains in importance in future project management By Wittrich, Agnes
  2. The making of civic virtues: a school-based experiment in three countries By Simon Briole; Marc Gurgand; Eric Maurin; Sandra McNally; Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela; Daniel Santin
  3. Do carbon offsets offset carbon? By Raphael Calel; Jonathan Colmer; Antoine Dechezleprêtre; Matthieu Glachant
  4. The inhabitant and his territory in planning procedures: the example of wind power projects in Allier and Vaucluse, France By Pierre Pech; Cécile Gauthier; Justine Muller; Delphine Giney; Hélène Sirota-Chelzen
  5. The contribution of higher education institutions to innovation ecosystems: Innovative practices from Higher Education for Smart Specialisation By Patricia Canto-Farachala; James R. Wilson; Eskarne Arregui-Pabollet
  6. EU aid for trade as contested trade policy intervention: The case of the EU-MUTRAP project in Vietnam By Nguyen, Nguyen Trinh Thanh

  1. By: Wittrich, Agnes
    Abstract: The paper is a call for project practitioners of the future to educate their ethical perception, and for organizations to provide an appropriate environment which enables formation of ethical sensitivity. This theoretical study uses as method the systematic literature review to show that digital transformation impacts the ethical decision-making of project leaders of the future in the same way it contributes to the transformation of their profiles, the methods applied in their daily performance and the manner they conduct their projects. Teaching digital ethics, building digital skills, exercising practical application of ethical decision-making should be prioritized in future project management curricula by business and educational organizations.
    Keywords: Ethical decision-making,project management,digital transformation,digital ethics,ethical project leader
    JEL: M14 M16
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Simon Briole; Marc Gurgand; Eric Maurin; Sandra McNally; Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela; Daniel Santin
    Abstract: With the rise of polarization and extremism, the question of how best to transmit civic virtues across generations is more acute than ever. In this paper, we test the hypothesis that schools can be the place for this transmission by empowering students and gathering them around concrete and democratically chosen objectives. We draw on an RCT implemented in a large sample of middle schools in three European countries. The evaluated program leads students to carry out collective citizenship projects in their immediate communities under the supervision of teachers trained in student-centered teaching methods. The program significantly increases student altruism, their political self-efficacy as well as the quality of their relationship with their classmates and their respect for the rules of school life (less sanctions and absenteeism). In all three countries, the benefits are greater for students with the highest level of altruism and interest in politics at baseline. Investments made at an early age appear to be complement to those made during adolescence for the production of civic virtues.
    Keywords: citizenship, education, teaching practices, project-based learning, RCT, youth
    Date: 2022–12
  3. By: Raphael Calel; Jonathan Colmer; Antoine Dechezleprêtre; Matthieu Glachant
    Abstract: We develop and implement a new method for identifying wasted subsidies, and use it to provide systematic evidence on the misallocation of carbon offsets in the Clean Development Mechanism - the world's largest carbon offset program. Using newly constructed data on the locations and characteristics of 1,350 wind farms in India - a context where it was believed, ex-ante, that the Clean Development Mechanism could significantly increase development above baseline projections - we estimate that at least 52% of approved carbon offsets were allocated to projects that would very likely have been built anyway. In addition to wasting scarce resources, we estimate that the sale of these offsets to regulated polluters has substantially increased global carbon dioxide emissions.
    Keywords: carbon offsets, infra-marginal support, misallocation, investment, subsidies, wind power, Green Growth
    Date: 2021–10–29
  4. By: Pierre Pech (LADYSS - Laboratoire Dynamiques Sociales et Recomposition des Espaces - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - UP8 - Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - UPD7 - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Cécile Gauthier; Justine Muller; Delphine Giney; Hélène Sirota-Chelzen
    Abstract: This article explores the relationship between people living in a territory and their territory in the specific case of development projects. We focus here on two cases of wind infrastructure development projects in sparsely populated areas in France. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has become a regulatory process in most countries. This procedure includes surveys of the inhabitants of the areas affected by infrastructure projects. The survey carried out in two rural areas, in the French departments of Allier and Vaucluse, concerns the relations between the representations of the inhabitants relating to wind energy and their representation of their territory. The statements of the interviewed persons allow opposing the representations that the inhabitants have over their territory. In the Allier, the landscape is felt to be poor, downgraded because most of the inhabitants and part of the built heritage preserve the memory of an industrial activity considered to have made the territory dynamic. The landscape's visual object, "wind turbine," is not considered unfavourable because it represents a positive image of the territory. On the other hand, in Haute Provence, the inhabitants, for the most part, neo-retired or secondary residents on the outskirts of large cities, see wind turbines negatively.
    Abstract: VertigO-la revue électronique en sciences de l'environnement Volume 21 numéro 2 | Octobre 2021 Sociétés, territoires et environnement, comment repenser les interconnexions entre les milieux humains et naturels ? L'habitant et son territoire dans les procédures d'aménagement : l'exemple de projets éoliens dans l'Allier et dans le Vaucluse, France The inhabitant and his territory in planning procedures: the example of wind power projects in Allier and Vaucluse, France et article propose une exploration de la question des relations entre les individus qui habitent sur un territoire et leur territoire dans le cas précis des projets d'aménagement. Nous nous attachons ici à deux cas de projets d'aménagement d'infrastructures éoliennes dans des secteurs peu denses en France. L'évaluation d'impact environnemental (EIE) s'est imposée comme démarche réglementaire dans la plupart des pays. Cette procédure intègre des enquêtes auprès des habitants des territoires concernés par des projets d'infrastructure. L'enquête menée dans deux secteurs ruraux, dans les départements français de l'Allier et du Vaucluse, concerne les relations entre les représentations des acteurs habitants concernant l'éolien avec leur représentation de leur territoire. Les dires des personnes interrogées permettent d'opposer selon les représentations qu'ont les habitants sur leur territoire. Dans l'Allier, le paysage est ressenti comme pauvre, déclassé, parce que la majorité des habitants et une partie du patrimoine bâti conservent la mémoire d'une activité industrielle considérée comme ayant fait le dynamisme du territoire. L'objet visuel « éolienne » dans le paysage n'est pas considéré comme négatif parce qu'il représente une image positive du territoire. À l'inverse, en Haute Provence, les habitants, pour la plupart des néo-retraités ou des résidents secondaires périphériques de grandes villes voient les éoliennes négativement.
    Keywords: étude d’impact environnemental,éolien,représentation,territoire
    Date: 2021–10–12
  5. By: Patricia Canto-Farachala (Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness); James R. Wilson (Orkestra Basque Institute of Competitiveness); Eskarne Arregui-Pabollet (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This technical report presents the results of a cross-case analysis of the eleven case studies conducted under the Higher Education for Smart Specialisation project during the period 2016-2020. The analysis identifies key themes and innovative practice examples from across case studies, developing a structured typology of innovative practices for higher education engagement in innovation ecosystems in the context of the design and implementation of Smart Specialisation Strategies (S3). More concretely, it contributes to identify: (i) Innovative practices to their regional innovation ecosystems and the design and implementation of S3.(ii) The key features of these practices that have made possible the transformative role of higher education in their regional innovation system, with particular attention on how they integrate education, research and innovation.
    Keywords: Smart specialisation strategies, higher education institutions, universities, territorial development, research and innovation, innovative practices, Northern Netherlands, Centre-Val de Loire, Lower Austria, North-East Romania, North Central Bulgaria, Portugal, Lithuania, Puglia, Lubelskie, Navarre, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
    Date: 2022–05
  6. By: Nguyen, Nguyen Trinh Thanh
    Abstract: This paper explains the EU's Aid for Trade (AfT) and trade relations with Vietnam, and examines how EU AfT influences Vietnam's trade policy reform. It provides an analysis of EU AfT as a contested trade policy intervention by using the results of the EU-MUTRAP project in Vietnam. The finding is that EU AfT can interfere as an “external impacts” on Vietnam's trade policy reform. Based on the priorities of EU trade policies towards Vietnam, the EU uses AfT projects to support and change the Vietnamese trade environment. The paper partially proves the contribution of the EU-MUTRAP on the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement negotiations and implementation.
    Date: 2022–04–24

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