nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒05‒09
nine papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Cost-benefit analysis of transport projects: theoretical framework and practical rules By Ginés de Rus; M. Pilar Socorro; Jorge Valido; Javier Campos
  2. Aligning development co-operation to the SDGs in lower middle-income countries: A case study of Bangladesh By Julia Schnatz; Alejandro Guerrero-Ruiz; Kadambote Sachin
  3. Expériences en numératie - Exploration des cas : royaume uni, australie, france, singapour, ontario et québec By Louise Poirier; Laïla Oubenaïssa
  4. Effestiveness and efficiency criteria for strategic application of mechatronics in business processes By Mindaugas Laužikas; Aistė Miliūtė; Viltė Morozovaitė; Danielius Karpičius
  5. Circular solar industry supply chain through product technological design changes By Tadas Radavičius; Arvid van der Heide; Wolfram Palitzsch; Tom Rommens; Julius Denafas; Manuela Tvaronavičienė
  6. Place des conflits de valeurs dans les relations entre organisations publiques et parapubliques By Bruno Feral
  7. Innovation and Covid-19: time pacing of the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine project By Gilles Garel
  8. Digital transformation of companies: Proposal of a global theoretical framework for understanding By Ridouane Ejbari; Jamal Bouali
  9. Technology Transfer and Early Industrial Development: Evidence from the Sino-Soviet Alliance By Michela Giorcelli; Bo Li

  1. By: Ginés de Rus; M. Pilar Socorro; Jorge Valido; Javier Campos
    Abstract: This paper describes this method for the assessment of the economic effects of any project and then addresses an alternative approach based on the aggregation of changes in surpluses.
    Date: 2022–05
  2. By: Julia Schnatz; Alejandro Guerrero-Ruiz; Kadambote Sachin
    Abstract: This case study explores whether the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) can be used as a shared framework by all actors to manage development co-operation for results in lower middle-income countries, taking Bangladesh as a case study. The study offers an introduction to Bangladesh’s progress in mainstreaming the Goals in national policy making, as well as in monitoring the SDG targets and indicators. The report then focuses on the experiences of development co-operation partners in aligning their country-level programmes and frameworks with the SDGs, and identifies enabling factors, drivers and obstacles that contribute to SDG alignment and monitoring in Bangladesh. The study concludes with recommendations for both the government and its development partners to increase the collective use of the SDG framework and improve the policy coherence, effectiveness and sustainable impact of all development efforts.
    Keywords: adaptive management, agenda 2030, aggregation, asia, data, development effectiveness, evidence-based, harmonisation, impact, lower middle-income country, performance measurement, results, results framework, results-based management, sdgs, standard indicators, statistics
    JEL: Z18 O20 O19 O21
    Date: 2022–04–29
  3. By: Louise Poirier; Laïla Oubenaïssa
    Abstract: This report focuses on the results of the analysis of the numeracy experiences of five countries: the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada with two jurisdictions, Quebec and Ontario, Singapore and France. The story of each numeracy experience is articulated around the frameworks, institutions, programs and projects as well as the resources that the country has acquired. To do this, we consulted various documents, articles, study reports, official websites, etc. This project allowed us to draw a portrait of the different approaches and the different interventions adopted by certain countries to apprehend a complex problem and a skill increasingly defined as a basic and essential skill. To quote this document: Oubenaïsssa L. et Poirier L. (2022). Expériences en numératie - Exploration des cas : royaume uni, australie, france, singapour, ontario et québec (2022RP-09, CIRANO). Le présent rapport porte sur les résultats de l’analyse des expériences en numératie de cinq pays: le Royaume-Uni, l’Australie, le Canada avec deux juridictions, le Québec et l’Ontario, Singapour et la France. Le récit de chaque expérience en numératie est articulé autour des cadres, institutions, programmes et projets ainsi que les ressources dont le pays s’est doté. Pour ce faire, nous avons consulté divers documents, articles, rapports d’études, sites web officiels, etc. Ce projet nous a permis de dresser un portrait des différentes approches et des différentes interventions adoptées par certains pays pour appréhender une problématique complexe et une compétence de plus en plus définie comme une compétence de base et essentielle. Pour citer ce document: Oubenaïsssa L. et Poirier L. (2022). Expériences en numératie - Exploration des cas : royaume uni, australie, france, singapour, ontario et québec (2022RP-09, CIRANO).
    Keywords: Numeracy,international experiences,UK,Australia,Canada,Singapore,France, Numératie,expériences internationales,Royaume-Uni,Australie,Canada,Singapour,France
    Date: 2022–04–25
  4. By: Mindaugas Laužikas (GILE Experts Limited, Vilnius University Business School); Aistė Miliūtė (Vilnius University Business School); Viltė Morozovaitė (Vilnius University Business School); Danielius Karpičius (Vilnius University Business School)
    Abstract: The present paper is centred on the effects of mechatronics in both high-tech and technologically less intensive firms. The strategy of innovation implementation in the mechatronics industry is tackled from both the high-tech business development perspective and the mechatronics product application perspective in other industries. Although the scientific and statistics literature with regards to the modern technology's effects is well established, the scarcity of scientific research in the field of the application of mechatronics/robotics in business makes this topic of significant scientific value. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effectiveness and efficiency criteria for the strategic application of mechatronics in businesses, related to both the decision-making process at the top-management level as well as choosing, applying, and monitoring the success of mechatronics among institutional clients. Given that mechatronics' application efficiency depends on a business model and the innovation culture, a focus on two categories of companies in terms of technological intensity could help businesses to choose the right high-tech product and the proper corresponding innovation commercialization model. Moreover, the paper could serve mechatronics firms while implementing the product/service or process innovations that are closer to consumer needs or specific industry challenges. Qualitative semi-structured expert interviews with four IT and four textile managers were conducted, and the conceptual model (which derives from the literature review) was tested. The choice of Lithuania as a target market for the analysed companies is related to the transition of this Baltic economy from the efficiency to the innovation-driven category, where the combination of high and low tech may be able to intensify the innovation process as well as to answer the research question of how to unlock the potential of mechatronics in business processes.
    Keywords: entrepreneurship,mechatronics,business intelligence,efficiency-driven countries,innovation-driven countries,business processes,effects,high-tech,technological intensity
    Date: 2021–09–30
  5. By: Tadas Radavičius (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University); Arvid van der Heide (IMEC - Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre); Wolfram Palitzsch (LuxChemtech GmbH); Tom Rommens (VITO - Flemish Institute for Technological Research); Julius Denafas (Soli Tek R&D, JSC, KTU - Kaunas University of Technology); Manuela Tvaronavičienė (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University)
    Abstract: Climate change forces countries and organisations to transition towards renewable energies (RE). The transition requires a substantial amount of renewable energy installations, such as PV (photovoltaic) systems. EU solar cells (main PV panels component) manufacturing capacity in 2019 were only 0,2% compared to the world producers' capacity. It makes the European Union energy transition dependable on the foreign countries. In addition, the supply chain of the solar industry is facing issues of silicon solar panels having critical raw material (CRM) silver and toxic materials such as lead. The solar panels themselves are a complex combination of components making recovery of the materials a difficult process (Ha, 2020). These and further issues of the lack of circularity in the solar value chain endangers reliable access to solar energy in the long term. The goal of this research is to increase the circularity in the industry by designing technologically the product in a circular way. In order to achieve this goal, the authors blended information provided in the contemporary scientific literature with the shared expertise of producers and other stakeholders. Insights about the possible technological design changes of the solar panels, their issues, and their impact on the supply chain were gathered through an online workshop and EU Horizon 2020 * The authors acknowledge the valuable contribution of all project partners within CIRCUSOL (call: H2020-EU.3.5.4). This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement 776680.
    Keywords: circular supply chain,the solar industry,circular economy,product circular technological design
    Date: 2021–09–30
  6. By: Bruno Feral (CEREGE - CEntre de REcherche en GEstion - EA 1722 - IAE Poitiers - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - ULR - Université de La Rochelle)
    Abstract: This research investigates the role of public values conflicts likely to appear between public actors and third sector actors through an interventionist research (David, 2012) focused on the coconstruction of a performance measurement tool for the third sector by public and third sector factors. Adopting the Public Value theoretical framework of Moore (1994, 1995, 2013) in a post-NPM perspective, we explore the way these actors construct a hierarchy of public values and practical goals derived from these values in order to define the public value they intend to create as well as an adequate way to measure its creation. To that end, we use specific controversies – public values conflicts (Beck Jorgensen & Bozeman, 2007) – as a point of entry through a methodological framework combining Actor Network Theory (Callon, 1986, Akrich et al. 2006) and the "axiological grammar" developed by Boltanski & Thévenot in Economies of Worth (1991). The empirical material is composed of around 30 interviews, the transcripts of project-related meetings and the intervention itself (material collected as the researcher accompanies the project).
    Abstract: La recherche interroge le rôle des conflits de valeurs publiques susceptibles d'émerger entre acteurs publics et associatifs à travers une recherche-intervention (David, 2012) portant sur la coconstruction par ces acteurs d'un outil d'évaluation de l'action associative. Dans une perspective post-NPM, nous adoptons le cadre théorique de la Valeur Publique développé notamment par Moore (1994, 1995, 2013) pour explorer la façon dont les acteurs élaborent une hiérarchie de valeurs publiques et d'objectifs pratiques dérivés de ces valeurs pour définir ce qu'est la valeur publique qu'ils cherchent à créer et la façon adéquate d'en mesurer la création. Nous proposons pour cela une entrée par les controverses-les conflits de valeurs publiques (Beck Jorgensen & Bozeman, 2007)-en mobilisant comme cadre méthodologique l'ANT (Callon, 1986 ; Arkich et al. 2006) et la grammaire axiologique élaborée dans Les économies de la grandeur (Boltanski & Thévenot, 1991). Le matériau empirique consiste en une trentaine d'entretiens, l'analyse de réunions préparatoires au projet et l'intervention elle-même (accompagnement du projet par le chercheur).
    Keywords: Valeur publique,Recherche-intervention,Conflits de valeurs,Sociologie de la traduction,Associations
    Date: 2021–05–26
  7. By: Gilles Garel (LIRSA - Laboratoire interdisciplinaire de recherche en sciences de l'action - CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM] - HESAM - HESAM Université)
    Date: 2022
  8. By: Ridouane Ejbari (UAE - Université Abdelmalek Essaâdi); Jamal Bouali (UAE - Université Abdelmalek Essaâdi)
    Abstract: The technological and digital revolution is bringing considerable changes to our daily lives. Digital technology is transforming consumer behavior, interactions and expectations in terms of satisfying their needs. Technology is forcing companies to seek their competitive advantages in a strong, highly evolved, interconnected and complex competitive market. In this context, a continuous transformation and adaptation is necessary or even mandatory for the organization in order to maintain its survival, and this by the concretization of its customer relationship to maintain and increase its market share, to have a strong position in front of its suppliers and the competition, to improve its competences and its internal processes and to be vigilant with regard to the new entrants of its sector of activities. This change, triggered by technology, prompts researchers to rethink and discuss previous models related to organizational change, challenged by the widespread diffusion of digital technologies. On this, the notion of digital transformation is recently addressed in several research works, defined and presented from different angles. This paper seeks to synthesize the dispersed knowledge about the digital transformation of companies and deduce, from the literature review, a comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding the concept, addressing its explanatory factors, the transformations to be made within the organization in the digital era and the expected results of a digital transformation project. Also, our proposed theoretical framework emphasizes the need to set up a continuous monitoring of digital transformation project by measuring intermediate and final results, and eventually make the necessary adaptations achieve the foreseeable objectives
    Abstract: La révolution technologique et numérique apporte des changements considérables dans notre quotidien. Le numérique transforme le comportement des consommateurs, ses interactions et ses attentes vis-à-vis de la satisfaction de ses besoins. La technologie impose aux entreprises de chercher leurs avantages concurrentiels au sein d'un marché concurrentiel fort, largement évolué, interconnecté et complexe. Dans ce contexte, une transformation et adaptation continue s'avère nécessaire, voire obligatoire pour l'organisation, afin de maintenir sa survie, et ce par la concrétisation de sa relation clients pour maintenir et accroitre sa part de marché, avoir une position forte face à ses fournisseurs et à la concurrence, améliorer ses compétences et ses processus internes et être vigilant à l'égard des nouveaux entrants de son secteur d'activités. Ce changement, déclenché par la technologie, incite les chercheurs de repenser et discuter les modèles antérieurs liés au changement organisationnel, mis en cause suite à la diffusion généralisée des technologies numériques. Sur ce, la notion de la transformation digitale est récemment abordée dans plusieurs travaux de recherche, définie et présentée à partir de différents angles. Notre travail cherche à synthétiser les connaissances dispersées au sujet de la transformation digitale des entreprises et déduire, à partir de la revue de littérature, un cadre théorique global de compréhension de concept, en abordant ses facteurs explicatifs, les transformations à apporter au sein de l'organisation à l'ère de digital et les résultats attendus d'un projet de transformation digitale. Aussi, le cadre théorique proposé met l'accent sur la nécessité de mettre en place un suivi continu de projet de transformation digitale en mesurant les résultats intermédiaires et finaux, et éventuellement apporter les adaptations nécessaires pour l'atteinte des objectifs prévisibles.
    Keywords: innovation,performance,industry 4.0,digital technologies,Digital transformation,industrie 4.0,technologies numériques,Transformation digitale
    Date: 2022
  9. By: Michela Giorcelli; Bo Li
    Abstract: This paper studies the causal effect of technology and knowledge transfers on early industrial development. Between 1950 and 1957, the Soviet Union supported the “156 Projects” in China for building technologically advanced industrial facilities. We exploit idiosyncratic delays in project completion and the unexpected end of the Sino-Soviet Alliance, and show that receiving both Soviet technology and know-how had large, persistent effects on plant performance, while the effects of receiving only Soviet capital goods were short-lived. The intervention generated horizontal and vertical spillovers, and production reallocation from state-owned to privately owned companies since the late 1990s.
    Keywords: industrialization, technology transfer, knowledge diffusion, China
    JEL: L20 M20 N34 N64 O32 O33
    Date: 2022

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