nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒04‒25
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. How impact evaluation methods influence the outcomes of development projects? Evidence from a meta-analysis on decentralized solar nano projects By Fatoumata Nankoto Cissé
  2. Complexity of culture and entrepreneurial practice By Bätz, Kerstin; Siegfried, Patrick
  3. Lessons in failure: applying an organizational learning framework to understanding attitudes towards failure in development By Weekly, Charlotte
  4. Smart and Edible: How Edible Cities Create Smart Public Spaces By Exner, Andreas; Weinzierl, Carla; Cepoiu, Livia; Arzberger, Stephanie; Spash, Clive L.
  5. Assessing the impact environmental impact assessment in the textile and garment sector in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia and Viet Nam By Sharpe, Samantha.; Retamal, Monique.; Martinez Fernandez, Maria Cristina.
  6. Making the strategic intent of innovation labs operational: A process perspective on the case of the Lorraine Fab Living Lab By Ferney Osorio; Laurent Dupont; Mauricio Camargo; José Ismael Peña
  7. Deciphering the Greek economic diplomacy towards the Western Balkans: actors, processes, challenges By Panagiotou, Ritsa; Tzifakis, Nikolaos

  1. By: Fatoumata Nankoto Cissé (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, I&P - Investisseurs et Partenaires)
    Abstract: This study analyzes the effect of impact evaluation methodologies on the positive and negative outcomes of decentralized solar nano projects in developing countries. Data originate from the Collaborative Smart Mapping of Mini-grid Actions (CoSMMA) developed by the Foundation for Studies and Research on International Development (FERDI). This study is based on a total of 727 tested effects from 10 decentralized solar nano projects which have been measured by experimental and quasi-experimental approaches. Using a multinomial-logit regression shown that randomized and non-randomized evaluation methods have a similar probability of generating a proven favorable outcome on the sustainable development of decentralized solar nano projects. By estimating a complementary log-log model, projects are most often evaluated as successful when effects on education are tested. In addition, a discrepancy of impacts is found between randomized control trials and difference-indifference strategies in proven-unfavorable outcomes of projects. This analysis also highlights the convergence of impacts between randomization and matching techniques on projects implemented in Africa. Findings from this paper provide strong evidence for development practitioners to choose the appropriate impact assessment method.
    Keywords: Matching,Difference-in-difference,Quasi-experimental methods,Randomized control trials,Experimental methods,Meta-analysis,Impact evaluation,Decentralized electrification,Sustainable development
    Date: 2022–03
  2. By: Bätz, Kerstin; Siegfried, Patrick
    Abstract: Objective: The objective of the article highlight the significance of culture in the entrepreneurial landscape and provides entrepreneurs and (project) managers with a guidance tool to overcome previously unconsidered stumbling blocks while operating in the intercultural setting. Research Design & Methods: The following article was prepared based on a critical study review devoted to existing approaches to intercultural impact in business life and used the archival technique from 1990- 2020. The study review reflects on the identification of existing literature gaps in the implementation of a subcultural business environment. It addresses these by designing an appropriate model to bypass the apparent pitfalls of intercultural business communication and co-existence, if possible. Findings: Culture impacts diverse sets of society and businesses, including entrepreneurship. This article underpins which pitfalls are advisable to consider when encountering the intercultural and entrepreneurship-driven workplace. Implications & Recommendations: Based on the study review, startups, as well as big corporate companies’ projects of a creational nature, are advised to reconsider their perception and handling of culture applying The Building of Cultural and Entrepreneurial Force. Contribution & Value Added: The added value of this article is to be found in the solid analysis of cultural essentialism, anti-essentialism, and implications to beware of in the managerial and entrepreneurial context related to The Building of Intercultural and Entrepreneurial Force that intends to ease to co-work of intercultural teams.
    Keywords: Culture; essentialism; anti-essentialism; entrepreneurship; cultural perception; cultural innovation; work cultivation; intercultural teams
    JEL: F00 F53
    Date: 2021–09–01
  3. By: Weekly, Charlotte
    Abstract: This paper applies an organizational learning framework to explore attitudes towards failure in the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) development sector. It draws on 35 key-informant interviews, contextualized by organizational theory and existing scholarship on failure in development, to understand the challenges faced by WASH practitioners in identifying failure, analyzing failure, and deliberate experimentation. Through interrogating past and present initiatives for publicizing failure in development, this paper digs deeper into the successes, obstacles, and lessons learnt from mainstreaming failure into organizational practices. It then synthesizes these findings to advance a 3-tier conceptual map for organizations to build an enabling environment for learning from failure in development.
    Keywords: innovation; international development; organizational learning; project failure
    JEL: R14 J01 J50
    Date: 2021–09–20
  4. By: Exner, Andreas; Weinzierl, Carla; Cepoiu, Livia; Arzberger, Stephanie; Spash, Clive L.
    Abstract: Edible cities enable the public to harvest produce on public land, supported by public governance arrangements between city administrations and civil society. The main goal of such initiatives is to transform food systems. The project investigated edible cities by comparing cases in Austria, Germany and France. Impacts of edible city initiatives were assessed by expert interviews. The project aimed to generate policy knowledge on the process, outcomes, and good practices of edible city initiatives, which are potentially relevant for the Vienna Smart City strategy and its possible further development towards smart food and public spaces. Edible city initiatives that are jointly driven by the municipality and civil society actors are most promising with regard to citizen engagement, collective empowerment, and the transformation of urban food systems. To this end, all actors involved have to develop a shared vision of edible city, and implement it cautiously, though consistently and in a committed, participatory, and transparent way. This report outlines concrete policy recommendations for successfully transforming Vienna into an edible city.
    Keywords: governance arrangement, gardening, civil society, urban development
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Sharpe, Samantha.; Retamal, Monique.; Martinez Fernandez, Maria Cristina.
    Abstract: Environmental regulations provide protection for both environmental assets and the livelihoods of communities that depend on these assets. The analysis evaluates the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes for proponents of industrial projects in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia and Viet Nam. The paper finds that enhanced environmental outcomes can be achieved by greater awareness among proponents of the links between environmental management (as facilitated by the EIA process) and sustainable development.
    Keywords: environmental protection, cloting industry, textile industry, pollution control
    Date: 2022
  6. By: Ferney Osorio (UNAL - Universidad Nacional de Colombia [Bogotà], ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Laurent Dupont (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Mauricio Camargo (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); José Ismael Peña (UNAL - Universidad Nacional de Colombia [Bogotà])
    Abstract: This paper examines through a single case study the process in which strategic intent is built within an innovation lab. As collaborative innovation structures, innovation labs are sensitive to collision of visions leading to misalignments that could undermine their purpose. Therefore, this study explores from a managerial point of view the way in which an innovation lab is designed, implemented, and sustained in a university context. Results depict the different manifestations of strategic intent that (1) led to the reorganization of existing capabilities under the original idea that gave life to the lab, (2) drove the experimentation and adaptation stages that shaped our case, and (3) favored the institutionalization of the practices and routines resulting from the lab to its ecosystem. This suggests the potential use of the framework to be applied as a coherence-building tool from which strategic intent could be made recognizable and operational.
    Keywords: innovation lab,strategic intent,strategy-making,case study
    Date: 2021–07–07
  7. By: Panagiotou, Ritsa; Tzifakis, Nikolaos
    Abstract: From the mid-1990s and for over a decade Greece developed a very important and dynamic trade and investment relationship with most Western Balkan countries. The economic crisis in 2009 broke this momentum and led to massive declines in both trade and FDI. While trade transactions rebounded after 2016 and almost reached pre-crisis levels, the decline of Greek FDI has shown no signs of recovering, its most definitive sign being the departure of many Greek banks from the region. The objective of this project is to delve into the intricacies of Greek economic diplomacy, focusing on its conduct in the Western Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia) and exploring paths that could improve economic and business practices in the region. It does so by mapping out the multi-layered dimensions of Greek economic relations with the Western Balkans, highlighting problems and challenges that have emerged over the years, identifying key actors and stakeholders in the process, and making policy recommendations based on an evaluation of all the above.
    Keywords: Hellenic Observatory
    JEL: N0
    Date: 2022–03

This nep-ppm issue is ©2022 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.