nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒03‒21
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Promise engineering: Investment and its conflicting anticipations in the French mining revival By Julien Merlin; Brice Laurent; Yann Gunzburger
  2. Incubation Process: A Key Innovation Lever for Successful Start-Up Businesses By Maryam Elbahjaoui; Abdelaziz Elabjani
  3. Modeling and Optimization of Supplier Selection Process for Decreasing Total Cost of Projects By BASARAN, Caner
  4. Risk Management Practice Adopted in Road Construction Project By Gain, Hemant; Mishra, Anjay Kumar; Aithal, Sreeramana
  5. Steigerung der Ressourceneffizienz durch gesamtbetriebliche Optimierung der Pflanzen- und Milchproduktion unter Einbindung von Tierwohlaspekten – Untersuchungen in einem Netzwerk von Pilotbetrieben By Hülsbergen, Kurt-Jürgen; Schmid, Harald; Paulsen, Hans Marten

  1. By: Julien Merlin (PACTE - Pacte, Laboratoire de sciences sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes - IEPG - Sciences Po Grenoble - Institut d'études politiques de Grenoble - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes); Brice Laurent (MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres); Yann Gunzburger
    Abstract: This paper analyses promises made by companies to various publics, including global investors, national public administrative bodies, and local populations. We speak of 'promise engineering' to describe both the integration of the making of promises in mining exploration operations, and the attempted articulation of promises made to different publics with different concerns. We focus on the French 'mining revival', which prompted exploration projects that became controversial, and integrated a government-led approach meant to introduce an objective of 'responsibility' in mining operations. Mining junior companies attempted to make promises that were both technical and social, while responsibility proved consistent with the crucial role of financial investment. We show that promise engineering offers an analytical lens for studying anticipation practices in industrial projects and the opposition these projects face.
    Keywords: promise engineering,controversies,responsibility,anticipation,speculation,financial investment,mining exploration
    Date: 2021–06–18
  2. By: Maryam Elbahjaoui (laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Recherches et d’études en management des organisations et droit de l’entreprise-LIREMD); Abdelaziz Elabjani (laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Recherches et d’études en management des organisations et droit de l’entreprise-LIREMD)
    Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe the incubation relationship to establish win-win relations between incubator and entrepreneur, which allows us to get around all the obstacles that prevent us from maintaining a sustained level of innovation. Within an ecosystem of entrepreneurial support, the incubator has a leading role because, he constitutes the bridge between the entrepreneur and the external environment, to create this relationship; he develops cooperative strategies with other incubators so that his support offer has clarity and good legibility for projects leaders. The findings are useful for incubators and entrepreneurs-owners of start-ups in their efforts to enhance the innovation of their firm.
    Keywords: 3 3 T Incubation,innovation,startup,morocco,Incubation
    Date: 2021
  3. By: BASARAN, Caner
    Abstract: There are significant factors affecting the decisions about supplier selection for procurement in steel construction firms: parts prices and transportation costs, payment periods, parts lengths and considering penalty terms coming from firm’s clients. Therefore, in order to select optimal firms, each proposal must be considered on equal terms. As a result, ‘Net Present Value’ should be calculated in evaluating payment period, lead time, parts lengths and also transportation costs payment period. This evaluation may bring about decrease in costs of parts based on older procurements. For an optimal solution, a mathematical model which includes, demand of units, net present value of products, delay cost due to retardation of Project is required. Moreover, the possibility of making predictions for future scenarios may assist in mapping out a route for the decision makers in steel construction firms. On this account, this study is designed to develop a mathematical model for the supplier selection system using integer programming.
    Date: 2021–11–10
  4. By: Gain, Hemant; Mishra, Anjay Kumar; Aithal, Sreeramana
    Abstract: Purpose: Zero risk construction is only a dream not reality as there is nothing certainity in the real world and scientists are only capable of coverting the same into risk with high level data science. The practice of risk management is an attempt to highlight risk elements with a case of urban road construction in Sindhupalchowk district, Province 3, Nepal. Design/Methodology/Approach: The 5-point Likert scale questionnaire survey was done to collect the primary data. Risk Management Practice is documented based on survey response in percentage through charts and graphs. Field visit were done for visual assessment of the construction procedure along with key informant interview and Secondary data of Detail Project Reports, Design and Drawings were effectively analyzed. Cronbach’s alpha was used to measure the reliability and triangulations were done for validity. Findings/Result: The results from this research indicates that contractor’s organization are averagely aware with a mean score of 3.30 about Risk Management Practice and averagely practicing risk management formally with mean score of 2.83. They are averagely analyzing risk management techniques with mean score of 3.07. Mean score is slightly higher based on client’s perspective with score for awareness being 3.93 and score for risk management being practiced formally is 3.13. Risk analysis score based on client’s management is 3.40. Mostly adopted technique of risk identification is monitoring and evaluation report of similar past projects and direct judgment is widely used technique for risk assessment of road construction projects at Sindhupalchowk district based on both client’s and contractor’s perspective. Risk response strategy based on contractor’s perspective is monitoring the risk and preparing contingency plan whereas that for client is transfer of risk. Originality/Value: It is action research which is significant for professionals to understand the practices of risk management being adopted by Nepalese Contractors in hilly region of Nepal.
    Keywords: Risk, Practice, Identification, Assessment, Response
    JEL: I31 O1 O18 O2 R4
    Date: 2022–01–21
  5. By: Hülsbergen, Kurt-Jürgen; Schmid, Harald; Paulsen, Hans Marten
    Abstract: In close cooperation between research, extension and practice, a Germany-wide network of pilot farms was established, which formed the basis for transdisciplinary research work over a period of ten years. It comprises 40 organic and 40 conventional cash crop and dairy farms in four agricultural regions. On the pilot farms, farm data were continuously collected, stored in databases and comprehensively evaluated with models. In project phase 1 (2008 to 2013), research was conducted on climate impacts in crop production and dairy farming, and in project phase 2 (2013 to 2014) on animal welfare and resource efficiency. Whole farm optimisation was the focus of research in project phase 3 (2014 to 2021). In workshops, measures were derived to increase resource efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve husbandry conditions in dairy production. Effects on soil organic matter, nutrient, energy and greenhouse gas balances were investigated with models. Animal welfare was assessed with indicators using the Welfare Quality® Protocol and measures for improvement were derived. The research results show system- related differences in environmental and climate impacts, resource efficiency and animal welfare status between organic and conventional farms, which are, however, overlaid by the enormous individual farm variability and site influences. In the project, the advisory tools HUNTER (humus, nutrient, greenhouse gas and energy balance calculator) and TWT dairy cattle (animal welfare tool dairy cattle) were developed and tested. Hereby farmers and advisors are provided with practical tools for independent analysis and determination of important sustainability criteria. Farm managers were actively involved in the research process, e.g. through the participatory elaboration of development scenarios to improve sustainability and the joint implementation of regional and optimisation workshops.
    Keywords: Agribusiness, Production Economics
    Date: 2022–03–17

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