nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒02‒07
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Progressive University Technology Transfer of Innovation Capabilities to SMEs: An Active and Modular Educational Partnership By Mauricio Camargo; Laure Morel; Pascal Lhoste
  2. Process Innovation in Public Sector By Ali Khodadad-Saryazdi
  3. Social Security and Retirement Around the World: Lessons from a Long-Term Collaboration By Courtney Coile; et al.
  4. Minimizing the Impact of Freight Traffic on Disadvantaged Communities By Jaller, Miguel; Pahwa, Anmol
  5. Intégrer la dimension genre dans le développement de l’irrigation à petite échelle: Recommandations en vue d’un développement inclusif By Theis, Sophie; Bekele, Rahel Deribe; Lefore, Nicole; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Ringler, Claudia; Larkin, Emily

  1. By: Mauricio Camargo (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Laure Morel (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine); Pascal Lhoste (ERPI - Equipe de Recherche sur les Processus Innovatifs - UL - Université de Lorraine)
    Abstract: Regarding SMEs' relationship with R&D and technology, university technology transfer (UTT) programs have evolved in recent years toward approaches that are more focused on a systemic and continuous exchange between firms, university departments, and R&D centers. Financial support such as innovation vouchers and open initiatives has been applied for a few years, and only recently have research works analyzed the impacts of these programs on the innovative capabilities of SMEs. Existing studies are based on short-term analysis, but there are no studies on the medium- or long-term influence of innovation vouchers on firms' innovation capabilities. This chapter aims to contribute to this topic through a longitudinal exploratory study of two SMEs in eastern France. It puts forward an original modular program proposed by an engineering school at the University of Lorraine, where groups of students participate throughout the academic year in innovation-related projects. Empirical evidence shows that this type of project has positive impacts on firms' innovative capabilities, but also fosters the analytical skills and self-directed learning capabilities of students.
    Keywords: UTT,SMEs Innovation capabilities,Open innovation,Innovation vouchers,Problem-based learning
    Date: 2021–02–07
  2. By: Ali Khodadad-Saryazdi (IRGO - Institut de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - UB - Université de Bordeaux - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Bordeaux)
    Keywords: Technological innovation,Organizational technology,Organizational innovation,Organizational change,Administrative innovation,Technology implementation
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Courtney Coile; et al.
    Abstract: The decline in the labor force participation of older men throughout the 20th century, as well as the substantial increases in participation among older men and women over the past two decades, have generated substantial interest in understanding the effect of public pension programs on retirement decisions. This paper details the work of the National Bureau of Economic Research’s International Social Security (ISS) Project, a long-term collaboration among researchers in a dozen developed countries, to explore this and related questions. The ISS project employs a harmonized approach to conduct within-country analyses that can be combined for meaningful cross-country comparisons. The key lesson learned from this project is that the choices of policy makers affect the incentive to work at older ages and that these incentives have important effects on retirement behavior.
    Date: 2022–01
  4. By: Jaller, Miguel; Pahwa, Anmol
    Abstract: This research brief summarizes findings from the project and report titled, "Cargo Routing and Disadvantaged Communities." In the project, the authors assessed whether eco-routing of freight traffic can improve transportation sustainability, and studied the cost-benefit trade-off for a carrier accounting for emissions in its routing decisions. They also explored geofencing as a tool to protect disadvantaged communities from freight traffic impacts. The authors developed advanced routing tools to understand the effects of eco-routing in the Southern California Association of Governments (SCAG) region, and the implementation of geographically constrained management strategies.
    Keywords: Engineering, Benefit cost analysis, Environmental impacts, Freight traffic, Pollutants, Routes and routing, Traffic assignment
    Date: 2021–11–01
  5. By: Theis, Sophie; Bekele, Rahel Deribe; Lefore, Nicole; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth Suseela; Ringler, Claudia; Larkin, Emily
    Abstract: Les promoteurs des technologies d’irrigation dans les pays à revenu faible et intermédiaire ont souvent comme souci d’assurer aux hommes, aux femmes et aux différents groupes sociaux des chances égales dans le développement de l’irrigation et dans les avantages qu’elle procure, mais ne savent pas comment s’y prendre. Cet outil se veut être un guide pratique, articulé autour d’un ensemble structuré de questions permettant d’évaluer la dynamique de genre dans l’irrigation pratiquée dans des contextes spécifiques. Ces questions peuvent être utilisées pour collecter des informations avant, pendant ou après la mise en Å“uvre d’un projet, afin d’éclaircir différentes approches stratégiques du projet, et de prendre en compte la dimension de genre dans les stratégies de marketing et de diffusion, la conception des technologies, la façon d’atténuer les risques, la gestion adaptative, et/ou les activités de suivi et d’évaluation (S&E).
    Keywords: gender, irrigation, technology, women, program development, innovation adoption, monitoring and evaluation, technology adoption,
    Date: 2021

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