nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2022‒01‒10
eight papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  2. Innovation Performance and the Signal Effect: Evidence from a European Program By Nadine Levratto; Aurelien Quignon
  3. Donors for tax morale: Evidence from 34 African countries By Alessandro Belmonte; Vincenzo Bove; Jessica Di Salvatore
  4. Improving Our Understanding of Transport Electrification Benefits for Disadvantaged Communities By Bush, Kristen M.; Lozano, Mark T.; Niemeier, Deb; Kendall, Alissa
  5. The Recovery and Resilience Facility: A Springboard for a Renaissance of Public Investments in Europe? By Francesco Corti; Daniel Gros; Tomas Ruiz; Alessandro Liscai; Tamas Kiss-Galfalvi; David Gstrein; Elena Herold; Mathias Dolls
  6. Smart and Edible: How Edible Cities Create Smart Public Spaces By Andreas Exner; Carla Weinzierl; Livia Cepoiu; Stephanie Arzberger; Clive L. Spash
  7. Improving effectiveness of Lithuania’s innovation policy By OECD
  8. Financial Inclusion: Theory and Policy guide for fragile economies. By Tweneboah Senzu, Emmanuel

  1. By: BACHTRÖGLER-UNGER Julia; MARQUES SANTOS Anabela (European Commission - JRC); CONTE Andrea (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) aims to strengthen economic, social and territorial cohesion in Europe by correcting imbalances between its regions. Both the governance of the ERDF as well as its widespread territorial coverage require a significant effort in gathering complete statistical information from many different national sources on its beneficiaries. In order to support analytical and impact assessment activities, the research collaboration between JRC and WIFO led to the construction of a unique dataset with around 600.000 ERDF projects in the EU27 plus United Kingdom during the programming period 2014-2020. The dataset includes financial information standardised and comparable across Member States based on existing taxonomies. Data include a brief description of the projects, their location at regional level, and name of beneficiaries, among other relevant information. Projects are classified by Key Enabling Technologies, Societal Grand Challenges, energy areas and by objectives of the EU Mission Ocean. Data on funded projects are particularly relevant for policy evaluation and monitoring since they allow complementing macro-statistical information and provide additional insights into regional specialisation and funding patterns / impacts.
    Keywords: Dataset, ERDF, programming period 2014-2020
    Date: 2021–11
  2. By: Nadine Levratto (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Aurelien Quignon (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: This paper seeks to estimate the effect of a European policy that subsidizes innovation investments. By carefully selecting observables, we compare recipients of the program with non-recipient firms to overcome the endogeneity of R&D grants. We conduct a difference-indifferences design on the universe of a unique firm-level dataset of European SMEs between 2008 and 2017. We find a significant effect of proof of concept grants, which implies an increase in the number of patent applications and the probability of patenting. There are positive impacts on credit financing, which suggest a signal effect to investors about the project quality of young firms.
    Keywords: Innovation,Patent,Financing constraints,H2020,R&D subsidies
    Date: 2021–12–06
  3. By: Alessandro Belmonte; Vincenzo Bove; Jessica Di Salvatore
    Abstract: Do aid projects affect citizens' motivation to pay taxes? We address this question by combining fine-grained data on aid projects from AidData and survey data from the Afrobarometer for 34 African countries. We first employ a subnational analysis, where the treatment varies by administrative unit, and then move to an individual-level analysis, which exploits the occurrence of a project during the Afrobarometer fieldwork.
    Keywords: Foreign aid, Tax morale, State capacity, Public goods, Africa
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Bush, Kristen M.; Lozano, Mark T.; Niemeier, Deb; Kendall, Alissa
    Abstract: Senate Bill 350 (SB 350) requires the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) to direct utilities to undertake transportation electrification (TE) activities and to ensure that, among other factors, access to TE-related opportunities for low- and moderate-income communities, as well as disadvantaged communities (DACs) increase as TE becomes more widespread. This research explores the range of tangible benefits that the implementation of TE programs can achieve for DACs. The research questions examine how funds spent to date through SB 350 target investment intended to support DACs; how public and private investments in DACs ensure energy justice, transportation justice, and equity, and finally how perceptions and priorities of stakeholders inform the implementation of TE programs. The researchers collected metrics from various California sources and across the literature, and then asked stakeholders in the CPUC Service List associated with SB 350 proceedings to rank and provide their expert opinion on various metrics by their relative importance. From this information, a final weighted evaluation framework was created. The most important metrics for projects targeted under SB 350 were tangible benefits for local community members; improvements in local air pollution; transparent and collaborative community engagement; consideration of end-of-life impacts, and enhanced access to additional sustainable technologies. The least important metrics include forecasted business closures; potential for accident zones; effects on native flora and fauna; upstream impacts (i.e., through raw material acquisition or construction phases), and/or the support of distributed generation and the development of micro-grids in electrification plans. The framework developed as part of this research supports program evaluation by guiding program administrators through a set of questions designed to facilitate a detailed account of expected outcomes and potential externalities. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Disadvantaged Communities, Senate Bill 350, transportation electrification, evaluation framework
    Date: 2022–01–01
  5. By: Francesco Corti; Daniel Gros; Tomas Ruiz; Alessandro Liscai; Tamas Kiss-Galfalvi; David Gstrein; Elena Herold; Mathias Dolls
    Abstract: Key messages: The Policy Brief analyzes to what extent the funds provided by the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) are used by member states to fnance new projects (additionality of public investments). The analysis shows that in the EU-27 there is no signifcant relationship between the amount of RRF grants (in % of GDP) and the acceleration in public investment. This suggests that RRF funds are mainly used to fnance existing investment projects. An in-depth analysis of the National Recovery Resilience Plans of Austria, Belgium, Germany, Spain, Italy and Portugal reveals substantial heterogeneity across countries. The share of new investments projects is smallest in Austria (19%) and Germany (20%) and highest in Belgium (77%). The shares amount to 40% in Spain and to 64% in Italy and Portugal.
    Date: 2021
  6. By: Andreas Exner; Carla Weinzierl; Livia Cepoiu; Stephanie Arzberger; Clive L. Spash
    Abstract: Edible cities enable the public to harvest produce on public land, supported by public governance arrangements between city administrations and civil society. The main goal of such initiatives is to transform food systems. The project investigated edible cities by comparing cases in Austria, Germany and France. Impacts of edible city initiatives were assessed by expert interviews. The project aimed to generate policy knowledge on the process, outcomes, and good practices of edible city initiatives, which are potentially relevant for the Vienna Smart City strategy and its possible further development towards smart food and public spaces. Edible city initiatives that are jointly driven by the municipality and civil society actors are most promising with regard to citizen engagement, collective empowerment, and the transformation of urban food systems. To this end, all actors involved have to develop a shared vision of edible city, and implement it cautiously, though consistently and in a committed, participatory, and transparent way. This report outlines concrete policy recommendations for successfully transforming Vienna into an edible city.
    Keywords: governance arrangement, gardening, civil society, urban development
    JEL: Q18
    Date: 2021
  7. By: OECD
    Abstract: This paper concludes the project “Support to Improve Effectiveness of Lithuania’s Innovation Policy” which summarises the findings, policy options and recommended actions. It aimed at providing support to efforts of the Government of Lithuania to better deliver existing policies, and develop and implement appropriate new policies, instruments and institutions in selected areas of science, technology and innovation (STI) policy. The report takes stock of recent policy actions taken since the “OECD Review of Innovation Policy: Lithuania 2016”. Drawing on international good practices it explores the scope for improvement in selected areas of STI policy: a) consolidation of innovation agencies and enhancing Lithuania’s STI Council, b) public procurement of innovation , c) mission-oriented innovation policies, and d) industry 4.0 and artificial intelligence. The project has been aligned with ongoing Lithuanian reform processes, some of which are reflected in the ‘New Generation Lithuania’ plan related to the EU’s Recovery and Resilience Facility.
    Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Governance, Industry 4.0, Innovation policy, Mission-orientation, Public procurement
    JEL: O31 O38 L52
    Date: 2021–12–21
  8. By: Tweneboah Senzu, Emmanuel
    Abstract: It empirically argued that economic development depends on increasing productivity, mitigating income inequality, reducing dependency on natural resources, improving health outcomes, enhancing environmental quality, and importantly increasing economic growth. Which is complemented by the fact that, all requires a quality financial system, which collects information to facilitate the ex-ante evaluation and ex-post monitoring of investment opportunities to ease information asymmetry as a problem, and facilitates the allocation of resources to innovative projects and further produce complex products. The above postulation derives its core factor of achievement from sustainable financial inclusion, with the paper advancing a conceptual proposition towards an effective, and efficient financial inclusion in fragile economies, and its underlying policy architecture to sustain its performance efficiency, in medium and long term purpose.
    Keywords: Financial Inclusions, Financial ecosystem, Policy, Central Bank, Fragile Economy
    JEL: E2 E6 G23 G28 H5
    Date: 2021–12–09

This nep-ppm issue is ©2022 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.