nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2021‒11‒08
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Practically best friends?! Agility and ISO 9001 By Adam, Patricia A.
  2. Waiting on a Friend: Strategic Learning and Corporate Investment By Decaire, Paul H.; Wittry, Michael D.
  3. A Comprehensive Evaluation on Korea's ODA to Rwanda's Agriculture Sector and Its implications for Strategic Approaches By Park, Young Ho; Jeong, Minji; Kim, Yejin; Moon, Soo Hyun
  4. Revisiter l’innovation : la vulnérabilité organisationnelle des PME innovantes dans le secteur des sports outdoor By Bastien Soulé; Julie Hallé; Eric Boutroy; Bénédicte Vignal
  5. Calendar effects and crowdfunded projects By Alexandre Garel; Benjamin Le Pendeven
  6. Inequality, unemployment, and poverty impacts of mitigation investment: evidence from the CDM in Brazil and implications for a post-2020 mechanism By David Grover; Swaroop Rao
  7. Election cycles in European public procurement By Havlik, Annika; Heinemann, Friedrich; Nover, Justus

  1. By: Adam, Patricia A.
    Abstract: Agility is considered the silver bullet for survival in the VUCA world. However, many organisations are afraid of endangering their ISO 9001 certificate when introducing agile processes. A joint research project of the University of Applied Sciences and Arts Hannover and the DGQ has set itself the goal of providing more security in this area. The findings were based on interviews with managers and team members from various organisations of different sizes and industries working in an agile manner as well as on common audit practices and a literature analysis. The outcome presents a clear distinction of agility from flexibility as well as useful guidelines for the integration of agile processes in QM systems - for QM practitioners and auditors alike.
    Keywords: Quality Management,QM,Agile Practices,Processes,Agile Manifesto
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Decaire, Paul H. (Arizona State University); Wittry, Michael D. (Ohio State University)
    Abstract: Using detailed project-level data, we document a novel mechanism through which information externalities distort investment. Firms anticipate information spillover from peers’ investment decisions and delay project exercise to learn from their peers’ outcomes. To establish a causal interpretation of our results, we exploit local exogenous variation from the 1800s that shapes the number of peers that a firm can learn from today. The strategic learning incentive is most salient for projects with uncertain profitability, when peers’ underlying assets are similar, and in environments where peers are skilled. Finally, our results suggest that the anticipation of peer information dampens aggregate investment.
    JEL: D25 D82 D83 G30 G31 G41 O13 Q15 R14
    Date: 2021–09
    Abstract: There has been a growing consensus in the national and international aid architecture that sporadic or scattered aid modality should be avoided. This study conducted a comprehensive cluster evaluation on Korea's agricultural ODA to Rwanda between 2013 and 2017, with two newly devised indexes: Cluster Performance Index (CPI) and Resource Allocation Index (RAI). Every Korean agricultural ODA project was categorized into five clusters and numerically evaluated against criteria widely used in the evaluation of development projects: relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability. Our cluster evaluation reveals that projects are mostly planned appropriately, but in some clusters, large amounts of the budget have been invested in poorly planned projects. Regarding efficiency, there was considerable room for improvement in all clusters. Particularly, in the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) category, all clusters scored below average. Concerning performance evaluation, all clusters scored relatively high in effectiveness, specifically in goal achievement. Lastly, in terms of sustainability, risk management was found to be relatively inadequate in all clusters. Based on the lessons from the aforementioned observations and analysis results, this study suggests ODA quality can be improved by optimizing budget allocation, improving monitoring efficiency, creating synergistic effects through cluster linkage, and developing agricultural value chain program.
    Keywords: ODA; Korea; Rwanda; agriculture
    Date: 2021–01–12
  4. By: Bastien Soulé (L-VIS - Laboratoire sur les Vulnérabilités et l'Innovation dans le Sport (EA 7428) - UCBL - Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 - Université de Lyon); Julie Hallé; Eric Boutroy; Bénédicte Vignal
    Abstract: While innovating is likely to procure competitive advantage within the industry of sports goods, it is also a risky activity which may lead to damaging consequences for companies. It therefore seems relevant to take an interest in the potential detrimental effects of innovation processes within small, particularly creative, companies in the sports sector. In this paper, we seek to know if, and how, engaging in an innovation process leads to singular forms of organizational vulnerability. Case studies were carried out in five small or medium-sized French companies specializing in the outdoors. We conducted a total of 48 interviews with different actors in the innovation processes, accompanied by field observations and analysis of secondary data. The priority frequently given to meeting technical challenges is likely to distance the product from the customer and real use. In certain cases, "innovation fever" generates internal imbalance. Second, some companies are too dependent on a key figure in their functioning, the inventor-entrepreneur; it sometimes implies a weakening of the innovation network during its vital decoupling stage. Finally, although the creation of innovation networks is necessary, it heightens the dependence on stakeholders and exposes to specific threats. Excessive confidence in the benefits of innovation can prove problematic. Innovators should not be discouraged, but reminded of the contingent and uncertain nature of the processes in which they engage, requiring anticipation and measure. The challenge consists in managing both the present and the future, while acknowledging that the exploitation of a routine does not prevent the exploration of new solutions.
    Keywords: innovation management,organizational vulnerability,outdoor sports,product innovation,small companies,management de l’innovation,vulnérabilité organisationnelle,sports outdoor,innovation de produit,petites entreprises
    Date: 2021–10–01
  5. By: Alexandre Garel (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School); Benjamin Le Pendeven (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School)
    Date: 2021–09–17
  6. By: David Grover (GEM - Grenoble Ecole de Management); Swaroop Rao (GEM - Grenoble Ecole de Management, IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)
    Abstract: Article 6 of the Paris Agreement provides for the creation of a successor to the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the parameters of which are currently being operationalised. This paper uses the broad literature on the relationship between general foreign direct investment (FDI) and inequality in FDI host countries to develop expectations about the likely impact of past and future international mitigation investment on inequality, unemployment and poverty outcomes. Using 2000 and 2010 census data for small geographic areas in Brazil, we compare the change in those outcomes in areas that experienced CDM project activity to the same in areas that did not, using a difference-indifference approach. We find that areas with CDM project activity experienced improvements in those outcomes, which appear to be driven by project types that are associated with 'primary' sector activity. Including measurement and reporting procedures for these broader sustainable development outcomes in the rulebook of a post-2020 agreement could be favourable to the interests of both developed and developing countries.
    Date: 2020
  7. By: Havlik, Annika; Heinemann, Friedrich; Nover, Justus
    Abstract: This paper studies the existence of election cycles in public procurement in the European Union for the national level. We analyze different steps along the procurement process, namely the publication of the contract notice, the awarding of the contract, and the project completion. We point out how these steps should differ in their potential to address specific types of voters. We argue that the award provides politicians with a particularly appealing opportunity. It allows them to please the award-winning firms' stakeholders and the spending decision becomes binding and credible also from the perspective of forward-looking voters. We find robust evidence for electioneering in contract notices and awards prior to national parliamentary elections. The effect in contract awards is particularly strong for certain sub-categories like education and is more pronounced for visible projects.
    Keywords: Forward-looking voters,political budget cycles,retrospective voting,Tenders Electronic Daily (TED)
    JEL: D72 D73 H57
    Date: 2021

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