nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2021‒10‒18
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Co-Creation Strategy, New Challenges in Entrepreneurship Education By DIF Aicha
  2. Decarbonising Morocco’s Transport System: Charting the Way Forward By ITF
  3. Fiscal Substitution in Spending for Highway Infrastructure: Working Paper 2021-13 By Sheila Campbell and Chad Shirley
  4. What role for multi-stakeholder partnerships in adaptation to climate change? Experiences from private sector adaptation in Kenya By Gannon, Kate; Crick, Florence; Atela, Joanes; Conway, Declan
  5. Profitability and conservation goals reconciled through biodiversity offsets By Céline Huber; Luc Doyen; Sylvie Ferrari
  6. Towards Data-driven Project design: Providing Optimal Treatment Rules for Development Projects By Garbero, Alessandra; Sakos, Grayson; Cerulli, Giovanni

  1. By: DIF Aicha (Dr, ISTA, University of Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, Oran, Algeria. Member at Laboratory LAREEM Author-2-Name: Author-2-Workplace-Name: Author-3-Name: Author-3-Workplace-Name: Author-4-Name: Author-4-Workplace-Name: Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: "Objective - Co-creation in entrepreneurship education is related to the teacher's ability to innovate and develop new practice among the student-teacher relationship; it is also a new way to enhance creativity and student value creation. In this approach, the teacher is considered the first actor of co-creation; he creates value among co-teaching, he is a facilitator for the launch of a start-up, and he is at the core of the entrepreneurial ecosystem. Thus, teaching with value co-creation, as we define, is a learning process that combines co-creation as a venture creation tool and provides personalised support for business plan competition. In the higher education system, innovation is an indicator of quality in teaching in all discipline. For entrepreneurship education, innovation with co-creation is a pedagogical practice based on project learning experimentation. This practice is efficient when it creates value for the learner in a co-creation process that combines knowledge sharing between the stakeholders. However, selecting the appropriate pedagogical practice is a curial element in the skills development in entrepreneurship education. Indeed, using co-creation as co-teaching implicates a pre-selection of the participant. Methodology - In this study, the author uses a qualitative analysis method of interviews made with teachers implicated in a co-creation approach and students who had participated in start-up competition. The sample was selected based on (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) STEM student entrepreneur experience. Results and findings - In achieving the objective of this paper, which is to understand the use of co-creation as an innovative pedagogical practice in the area of entrepreneurship education. The results show the value creation of co-creation as a co-teaching practice and a challenging tool of enhancing entrepreneurial spirit. Type of Paper - Empirical"
    Keywords: Co-Creation; Entrepreneurship Education; Co-Teaching.
    JEL: M31 E24 I29
    Date: 2021–09–30
  2. By: ITF
    Abstract: This paper reviews opportunities and challenges for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from Morocco’s transport sector. It provides an overview of the transport system and reviews the country’s existing policies and future plans for reducing CO2 emissions from transport. The paper also provides an overview of the data on transport activity and emissions available for Morocco, and the tools used by government agencies for assessing them. Finally, it proposes options for further action in the context of ITF’s “Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies” (DTEE) project
    Date: 2021–03–17
  3. By: Sheila Campbell and Chad Shirley
    Abstract: In this working paper, the Congressional Budget Office provides estimates of how much state and local governments that receive federal grants for highway capital projects substitute that funding for their own spending on highway capital. We find that state and local governments reduce their own per capita spending on highway capital by 26 cents for an additional dollar of annual federal formula grants; that finding is toward the lower end of a broad range of estimates in the existing literature. The rate of substitution decreases as state and local governments run larger
    JEL: E22 E62 H54 H72 H76 H77 R42 R53
    Date: 2021–10–08
  4. By: Gannon, Kate; Crick, Florence; Atela, Joanes; Conway, Declan
    Abstract: Amidst increasing interest in multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs) in climate discourse, this paper identifies four rationales for why MSPs may be particularly suited to supporting adaptation from existing literatures. With a focus on MSPs that seek to support adaptation among micro, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Kenya, we then investigate the extent to which this potential is being realised in practice, through interviews with partners engaged in the design and implementation of MSPs. This allows us to examine some of the opportunities, challenges and distributional risks that may result from employing MSPs to support adaptation. We find that through action and investment from donors and the public sector in areas such as research, data access, relationship building, training and capacity building, access to finance and business incubation, MSPs can enable a wide range of private sector actors to deliver adaptation resources to SMEs. Beneficiaries include small-scale SMEs in agricultural value chains in remote regions, that could otherwise fall outside of market inclusion. As such, respondents in this research typically considered MSPs to present an exciting opportunity to plug gaps in adaptation and development finance. Further analysis, however, suggests that dependence on market mechanisms for delivering adaptation resources means that MSPs risk excluding the poorest groups, exposing businesses to new risks and reproducing existing inequalities. Additionally, MSPs often remain heavily dependent on donor-led organisations for both resources and momentum. In Kenya, opportunities to develop more integrated responses to supporting the adaptive capacity of SMEs are being missed through a disconnect between the practice of MSPs and national public sector development frameworks and institutions.
    Keywords: multi-stakeholder partnerships / multi-sectoral partnerships; climate change adaptation; micro; small and 35 medium enterprises (SMEs); private sector adaptation; business enabling environments; Kenya; Business enabling environments; Multi-stakeholder partnerships / multi-sectoral partnerships; Private sector adaptation; Micro; small and medium enterprise (SMEs); Climate change adaptation; ES/K006576/1; 107643-004; UKRI block grant
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2021–05–10
  5. By: Céline Huber; Luc Doyen; Sylvie Ferrari
    Abstract: Numerous scientists advocate for the use of Biodiversity Offsets (BOs) as economic instruments to manage biodiversity and ecosystem services in the context of economic development. This study investigates the sustainability conditions of BOs, in the sense of reconciling ecological and economic objectives. It focuses especially on both the timing and pricing of biodiversity offsets in developmentoffset projects. To address this issue, a minimal time control model is proposed, allowing a dynamic and multicriteria approach to be combined through both ecological and economic targets. We rely here on No Net Loss (NNL) and positive Net Present Value (NPV) goals. In particular, we focus on an offset marginal price, called Offset Sustainability Value (OSV), which equalizes the NNL and payback times. We prove analytically how this OSV corresponds to a win-win solution in terms of ecological-economic synergy. We also show that this OSV can be very high compared to the rate of return of the development project,in particular when the biodiversity loss induced by the project is high. More globally, a sensitivity analysis shows the extent to which the economic parameters (such as the marginal revenue and discount rate) and biodiversity parameters impact the OSV. Finally, a numerical application related to mangroves and aquaculture in Madagascar illustrates the analytical findings. In particular, we argue that the current BO price is underestimated for this case study.
    Keywords: Biodiversity Offset, Bio-economics, No net loss, Sustainability, Minimal time, control, Mangroves
    JEL: C51 C52 C61 D63 O13 Q24 Q32 Q57
    Date: 2021
  6. By: Garbero, Alessandra; Sakos, Grayson; Cerulli, Giovanni
    Keywords: Research Methods/Statistical Methods, Agricultural and Food Policy, International Development
    Date: 2021–08

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