nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2021‒08‒09
five papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Tensions and Trade-offs in Planning and Policymaking for Transit-Oriented Development, Transit, and Active Transport in California Cities By Barbour, Elisa; Jin, Janet; Goldsmith, Emma; Grover, Salvador; Martinez, Jacqueline; Handy, Susan
  2. Financial additionality: role of multilateral development banks in private participation in infrastructure projects By Taguchi, Hiroyuki
  3. A System Innovation Approach for Science-Stakeholder Interface: Theory and Application to Water-Land-Food-Energy Nexus By Angelos Alamanos; Phoebe Koundouri; Lydia Papadaki; Tatiana Pliakou
  4. Renegotiation and discrimination in symmetric procurement auctions By Leandro Arozamena; Juan José Ganuza; Federico Weinschelbaum
  5. Expanding the UC Davis GIS Electric Vehicle Planning Toolbox Beyond California: The Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission Case Study By Tal, Gil; Lee, Jae Hyun; Ji, Wei

  1. By: Barbour, Elisa; Jin, Janet; Goldsmith, Emma; Grover, Salvador; Martinez, Jacqueline; Handy, Susan
    Abstract: This report provides research findings from the second year of a two-year research project on patterns of local policymaking in California to support transit-oriented development (TOD), transit, and active transport. Through survey research and case studies, the project assessed motivations, perceived obstacles, and priorities for development near transit, in relation to patterns of local policy adoption, from the perspective of city planners in the state’s four largest regions: the San Francisco Bay, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Sacramento metropolitan areas. The second research phase based on case study analysis identified tensions and trade-offs in policy “packaging” to support TOD in six large and five smaller cities in the same regions. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences, Transit-oriented development, transit, land-use planning, policy design and adoption
    Date: 2021–07–01
  2. By: Taguchi, Hiroyuki
    Abstract: This paper aims to provide empirical evidence for demonstrating financial additionality of multilateral development banks (MDBs) in private participation in infrastructure (PPI) projects in terms of financing beyond what is available in the markets. To verify MDB financial additionality, this study examines whether the PPI projects with multilateral support have significantly larger investment commitments than the total average projects, by using the PPI database of the World Bank. The empirical analysis identifies MDB financial additionality in that the larger investment commitments of multilateral-supported projects beyond the average are confirmed in any income levels and regions in host countries, and any sectors and types in the projects. In particular, MDB financial additionality is valid even in low-income countries where private finance is still too premature to be available. In the host countries where their government effectiveness is in the poorest edge, however, MDB financial additionality loses its significance, thereby requiring the governance enhancement and capacity building in the host countries for its additionality to work.
    Keywords: Financial Additionality, Multilateral development banks, Private participation in infrastructure, Investment Commitments, and Government effectiveness
    JEL: F33 O18
    Date: 2021–07
  3. By: Angelos Alamanos; Phoebe Koundouri; Lydia Papadaki; Tatiana Pliakou
    Abstract: The Water-Food-Energy Nexus can support a general model of sustainable development, balancing resources with increasing economic/productive expectations, as e.g. in agriculture. We synthesize lessons from Greece's practical and research experience, identify knowledge and application gaps, and propose a novel conceptual framework to tackle these challenges. Thessaly (Central Greece), the country's driest region and largest agricultural supplier is used as an example. The area faces a number of water quantity and quality issues, ambitious production-economic objectives, continuous (historically) drought and flood events, conflicts, administrative and economic issues, under serious climate change impacts. A detailed assessment of the current situation is carried out, covering all these aspects, for the first time in an integrated way. Collaboration gaps among different stakeholders are identified as the biggest impediment to socially acceptable actions. For the first time, to our knowledge, the Nexus is set as a keystone to develop a novel framework to reverse the situation and achieve sustainable project planning under commonly acceptable long-run visions. The proposed framework is based on Systems' Theory, innovative principles, uses a multi-disciplinary platform to bring together all relevant key stakeholders, provides scientific support and commitment, and makes use of technological advances for the systems' improvement.
    Keywords: Water-Food-Energy Nexus, Thessaly, Greece, Systems Innovation Approach, scientific and stakeholder collaboration, framework development.
    Date: 2021–07–21
  4. By: Leandro Arozamena; Juan José Ganuza; Federico Weinschelbaum
    Abstract: In order to make competition open, fair and transparent, procurement regulations often require equal treatment for all bidders. This paper shows how a favorite supplier can be treated preferentially (opening the door to home bias and corruption) even when explicit discrimination is not allowed. We analyze a procurement setting in which the optimal design of the project to be contracted is unknown. The sponsor has to invest in specifying the project. The larger the investment, the higher the probability that the initial design is optimal. When it is not, a bargaining process between the winning firm and the sponsor takes place. Profits from bargaining are larger for the favorite supplier than for its rivals. Given this comparative advantage, the favored firm bids more aggressively and then, it wins more often than standard firms. Finally, we show that the sponsor invests less in specifying the initial design, when favoritism is stronger. Underinvestment in design specification is a tool for providing a comparative advantage to the favored firm.
    Keywords: auctions, favoritism, auction design, renegotiation, corruption
    JEL: I12 J13 H31 H24
    Date: 2021–07
  5. By: Tal, Gil; Lee, Jae Hyun; Ji, Wei
    Abstract: This project creates a toolkit that run in ArcGIS and allows users to project where EV owners will live, work, and charge. There are three distinct modules: market analysis, workplace charging, and home charging presented in block group level. The tool can be updated by the MPO users to reflect new technologies and policies, and to be used by local planners using the web interface. DVRPC has uploaded the tool’s results to an ArcGIS online interface so that interested parties may use the results in their own analyses. The researchers expect these results to be useful for electric distribution companies, businesses, developers, EV charging companies, and all levels of governments in their EV planning efforts. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Engineering, Electric vehicles, Charging infrastructure, planning toolbox, GIS
    Date: 2021–07–01

This nep-ppm issue is ©2021 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
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NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.