nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2021‒07‒26
seven papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  2. L’intégration des impacts environnementaux dans l’évaluation des investissements privés By Patricia Crifo; Yann Kervinio; Emile Quinet
  3. Innovation in the public services at the local and regional level By Irena Dokic; Ivana Rasic; Suncana Slijepcevic
  4. The Ecological System of Innovation: A New Architectural Framework for a Functional Evidence-Based Platform for Science and Innovation Policy By Robert M Yawson
  5. 2020 Critical Update to Caltrans Wildfire Vulnerability Analysis By Thorne, James H.; Boynton, Ryan M.; Hollander, Allan D.; Whitney, Jason P.; Shapiro, Kristen D.
  6. Clusterization of public perception of nuclear energy in relation to changing political priorities By Dainius Genys; Ričardas Krikštolaitis
  7. Measuring Performance: Ranking State Success over Two Decades in India By Afridi, Farzana; Dhillon, Amrita; Chaudhuri, Arka Roy; Saattvic,

  1. By: Shérazade Gatfaoui (IRG - Institut de Recherche en Gestion - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12 - Université Gustave Eiffel); Leyla Jaoued-Abassi (IRG - Institut de Recherche en Gestion - UPEC UP12 - Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12 - Université Gustave Eiffel)
    Abstract: This research focuses on urban planning from the perspective of the relations between the partners of an eco-district project. It aims to identify and understand the types of trust, mistrust and their evolution in the relations between the partners, as well as the mechanisms associated with them and their impact on the development of the project. This research also aims to lead a managerial and societal reflection.
    Abstract: Cette recherche s'intéresse à la planification urbaine sous l'angle des relations entre les parties prenantes d'un projet d'écoquartier. Elle vise à identifier et à comprendre les types de confiance, la méfiance, la défiance et leur articulation et évolution dans les relations entre les partenaires (ville, aménageur, constructeur, promoteur) ainsi que les mécanismes qui leur sont associés et leur impact sur le bon déroulement du projet en cours. Cette recherche se donne également pour ambition de mener une réflexion sur les plans managérial et sociétal.
    Keywords: Confiance Intra- et Inter-organisationnelle,Confiance Interpersonnelle,Gouvernance urbaine,ÉcoQuartier,Confiance Institutionnelle
    Date: 2021–06–11
  2. By: Patricia Crifo (X-DEP-ECO - Département d'Économie de l'École Polytechnique - X - École polytechnique); Yann Kervinio (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AgroParisTech - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - Université Paris-Saclay - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Emile Quinet (ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech)
    Abstract: The ecological emergency calls for a marked reorientation of public and private investments away from harmful activities towards more environmentally-friendly ones. Green finance can contribute to this, provided that it uses tools that adequately account for environmental impacts in the evaluation of investments. In this article, we discuss how socioeconomic calculus, currently used for the evaluation of investment projects by the State and its operators in France, can be useful for private actors willing to integrate the environmental impacts of their investments to a degree consistent with the collective ambition in this area. We highlight the interest of designing specific and measurable environmental targets, which legitimize and operationalize our collective ambition in the face of today's environmental challenges.
    Abstract: L'urgence écologique appelle à une réorientation marquée des investissements publics et privés des activités défavorables vers des activités plus favorables à l'environnement. La finance verte peut y contribuer, pourvu qu'elle se dote d'outils susceptibles d'intégrer dans une juste mesure les impacts environnementaux dans l'évaluation des investissements. Dans cet article, nous discutons comment le calcul socioéconomique, actuellement employé pour l'évaluation des projets d'investissement de l'État et ses opérateurs, peut constituer un outil utile aux acteurs privés désireux d'intégrer les impacts environnementaux de leurs investissements dans une mesure cohérente avec l'ambition collective en la matière. Nous y mettons en évidence l'intérêt de disposer d'objectifs environnementaux spécifiques et mesurables, qui légitiment et traduisent de manière opérationnelle notre ambition collective face aux défis écologiques actuels.
    Date: 2021–07–01
  3. By: Irena Dokic (Euro ekspertiza j.d.o.o.); Ivana Rasic (The Institute of Economics, Zagreb); Suncana Slijepcevic (The Institute of Economics, Zagreb)
    Abstract: Awareness of the importance of innovation in the public sector is increasing. It should create added public value to the citizens and the society. Public sector innovation is a challenge, but it is also increasingly recognized as a solution to growing budgetary pressures. The paper explores the implementation of innovation in public services at the local level in Croatia. Most of the research conducted so far explores the role of the private sector in the implementation of innovation in the public sector. The objective of this paper is to analyse results of a survey that has been conducted on a sample of representatives of local and regional government in Croatia (big cities and counties) and representatives of local action groups (LAGs) and local/regional development agencies (LRDAs) to examine the ability of Croatian local and regional public sector to innovate and identify the barriers that may hinder the process of introduction and implementation of this innovation. It, thus, explores the main barriers for the implementation of innovative activities at the local level from the perspective of different local actors. The results show that three factors that hinder the process of introducing innovation into the Croatian public sector are competence-related obstacles, bureaucratic barriers, and funding difficulties.
    Keywords: innovations, public sector, post-transition, local and regional government
    JEL: H83 H75 O3
    Date: 2021–02
  4. By: Robert M Yawson
    Abstract: Models on innovation, for the most part, do not include a comprehensive and end-to-end view. Most innovation policy attention seems to be focused on the capacity to innovate and on input factors such as R&D investment, scientific institutions, human resources and capital. Such inputs frequently serve as proxies for innovativeness and are correlated with intermediate outputs such as patent counts and outcomes such as GDP per capita. While this kind of analysis is generally indicative of innovative behaviour, it is less useful in terms of discriminating causality and what drives successful strategy or public policy interventions. This situation has led to the developing of new frameworks for the innovation system led by National Science and Technology Policy Centres across the globe. These new models of innovation are variously referred to as the National Innovation Ecosystem. There is, however, a fundamental question that needs to be answered: what elements should an innovation policy include, and how should such policies be implemented? This paper attempts to answer this question.
    Date: 2021–06
  5. By: Thorne, James H.; Boynton, Ryan M.; Hollander, Allan D.; Whitney, Jason P.; Shapiro, Kristen D.
    Abstract: Catastrophic wildfires over the past five years (2015-2020) have caused damage to the Caltrans road network in 81 separate wildfire events, leading to expenditures of over $590,000,000 to repair highway assets. To reduce the risk of further wildfire damage and to improve public safety, particularly for disadvantaged communities, Caltrans has engaged in assessing the priority locations for vegetation treatment within the lands it owns called the Right of Way (ROW). A 2019 analysis provided a map showing the top 17% of vulnerabilities in the road network, representing both the risk of wildfire and to disadvantaged communities that might need to use the transportation network as means of evacuation. This UC Davis research project was designed to support efforts within Caltrans in conducting a wildfire vulnerability risk assessment for fuels reduction in the ROW to protect Caltrans’ infrastructure and travelers. The project involved four components: 1) conducting a rigorous peer review of the 2019 GIS-based study commissioned by Caltrans; 2) collecting and assessing the outputs of several climate change, fire, and other models currently developed or under development for California, as well as future climate projections; 3) developing a framework for the use of the prioritized segment model with other data further identify priority areas for fuels and risk reduction; and 4) interviews with Caltrans staff on opportunities and obstacles to increasing the pace and scale of vegetation treatments. The results contribute to infrastructure risk assessments, can be used to prioritize areas for treatment, to create a tracking system of areas treated and risk lowered over multiple years, and to engage local governments and wildfire fighting units to coordinate landscape fire risk reductions. View the NCST Project Webpage
    Keywords: Engineering, Life Sciences, Wildfire, Vegetation Management, Priority Treatment Areas, Right of Way, California
    Date: 2021–07–01
  6. By: Dainius Genys (VDU - Vytautas Magnus University - Vytauto Didziojo Universitetas); Ričardas Krikštolaitis (VDU - Vytautas Magnus University - Vytauto Didziojo Universitetas)
    Abstract: The paper is directed to an important yet controversial phenomena of public perception of nuclear energy in Lithuania. It discusses the conceptualization of nuclear energy public perception in relation to psychometric paradigm and its specified key elements of public security feelings. The empirical research is based on representative public poll carried out in 2017. Based on the discoveries of previous research when identifying the interdependence of public perception and support towards concrete political parties, four clusters were formed to test conceptual notions (importance of personal trust in energy industry and personal knowledge) and then relate it with the political preferences of each cluster. The results indicate the distribution of both nuclear energy as well as concrete energy projects public perception in relation to political preferences and peculiarities of security feeling among each cluster.
    Keywords: nuclear energy,public perception,political priorities,change,cluster analysis,Lithuania
    Date: 2020–12–30
  7. By: Afridi, Farzana (Indian Statistical Institute); Dhillon, Amrita (King's College London); Chaudhuri, Arka Roy (Shiv Nadar University); Saattvic, (University of British Columbia)
    Abstract: This paper proposes new composite measures of relative and dynamic state performance to improve governance and delivery of public programs in developing countries with a federal structure. We rank the performance of 19 major Indian states on two large development programs launched by the Indian government over the last two decades using publicly available data. Although we find volatility in performance over time, there exists a positive correlation between measures of state capacity, development and accountability with program outcomes. Our findings have important implications for both the design and implementation of public service programs of such large scale.
    Keywords: corruption, accountability, state capacity, public good delivery, Indian states, ranking, PMGSY, MGNREGA, convergence
    JEL: H4 I38 O18 C43 R42
    Date: 2021–06

This nep-ppm issue is ©2021 by Arvi Kuura. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.