nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2021‒03‒29
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. Risks for Academic Research Projects, An Empirical Study of Perceived Negative Risks and Possible Responses By P. Alison Paprica
  2. A new approach for evaluation of the economic impact of decentralized electrification projects By Jean-Claude Berthélemy; Mathilde Maurel
  3. The distributional impacts of development cooperation projects By Christian MORABITO; Mario NEGRE; Miguel NIÑO-ZARAZUA
  4. Paying extra for better wind nearshore By Minh Ha-Duong
  5. Decarbonising Azerbaijan's Transport System: Charting the Way Forward By ITF
  6. List of wind power projects in Vietnam, 2021-01 By Minh Ha-Duong; Lan Nguyễn

  1. By: P. Alison Paprica
    Abstract: Academic research projects receive hundreds of billions of dollars of government investment each year. They complement business research projects by focusing on the generation of new foundational knowledge and addressing societal challenges. Despite the importance of academic research, the management of it is often undisciplined and ad hoc. It has been postulated that the inherent uncertainty and complexity of academic research projects make them challenging to manage. However, based on this study's analysis of input and voting from more than 500 academic research team members in facilitated risk management sessions, the most important perceived risks are general, as opposed to being research specific. Overall participants' top risks related to funding, team instability, unreliable partners, study participant recruitment, and data access. Many of these risks would require system- or organization-level responses that are beyond the scope of individual academic research teams.
    Date: 2021–03
  2. By: Jean-Claude Berthélemy (UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, FERDI - Fondation pour les Etudes et Recherches sur le Développement International); Mathilde Maurel (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, FERDI - Fondation pour les Etudes et Recherches sur le Développement International)
    Abstract: This paper proposes a new methodology for evaluating off-grid electrification projects, based upon Nighttime Light (NTL) observations, obtained by a combination of Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) data and Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) data. The methodology consists of comparing NTL data before and after the implementation of the projects. The projects are selected from FERDI's Collaborative Smart Mapping of Mini-grid Action (CoSMMA) analysis, which documents existing project evaluations reported in published papers. Such reported evaluations are of uneven quality, with few evaluations which meet scientific standards. Our results suggest that our new methodology can contribute to fill this gap. For each project, we compute the NTL deviation with respect to its counterfactual, which provides us a proxy for the off-grid electricity-induced rate of NTL growth.
    Keywords: Decentralized electrification,sustainable development,impact assessment,Nighttime Light,DMSP,VIIRS
    Date: 2021–03–02
  3. By: Christian MORABITO; Mario NEGRE; Miguel NIÑO-ZARAZUA
    Abstract: In 2015, world leaders committed, through the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, to reduce inequalities. Accordingly, a specific Sustainable Development Goals Goal (SDG 10) has been expressly devoted to address this challenge. The objective of this study is to test the validity of a proposed methodology that assesses the extent to which programmes and projects implemented or funded by development cooperation agencies contribute to the goal of reducing inequality. The study focuses on three projects funded by Agence Française de Développement: a programme that supports the improvement of urban housing in Tunisia, a programme that focus on building capacities of SMEs in Cameroon, and a budget support operation aimed to support a health sector reform in Colombia. Specifically, the study identifies whether programmes’ beneficiaries of the selected interventions belong to the bottom 40% of the wealth distribution, through a mix of analytical tools. First, a scoreboard that assesses whether or not inequality reduction is a central objective of development programmes; second, the Equity Tool, which helps assess the position of direct beneficiaries within the national (urban or rural) wealth distribution, and iii) the Commitment for Equity Tool, which helps estimate the distributional impact of general or sectoral budget support. Results show the efficacy of the methodology, in particular the possibility to obtain, with a limited budget and timeframe, relevant information about how, and the extent to which, development cooperation programmes reach the poorest bottom 40%, and whenever inequality reduction is an explicit objective of policy interventions. The methodology can be implemented ex-ante at baseline, before the implementation of projects or programmes, as well as ex-post, at endline of policy interventions. The analysis shows the efficacy of the methodology to evaluate the potential inequality reducing effects of development cooperation programmes and projects.
    Keywords: Cameroun, Tunisie, Colombie
    JEL: Q
    Date: 2021–03–17
  4. By: Minh Ha-Duong (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - Université Paris-Saclay - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: Analysts often divide wind power projects into two categories: onshore and offshore. A third category recently emerged: nearshore projects, built on the intertidal flats. We observe a quasi cross-sectional sample of Vietnam's wind power projects, exhaustive regarding projects at the operating and building stages, comprising projects in the three categories. The median investment for onshore wind power projects in Vietnam is 1 680 USD/kW. It is 2 174 USD/kW for nearshore projects. We computed the relative extra investment distribution for intertidal projects compared to onshore projects in our sample. On average, a MW of generation capacity requires about 50% more investment nearshore than onshore. But variation is considerable, the interquartile range 20%-70% represents the extra cost better. It does not follow that electricity from nearshore stations costs more. Annual generation depends on the capacity factor. Projects developers are paying extra for better wind nearshore.
    Keywords: Wind power,Vietnam,Investment cost,Energy transition
    Date: 2021–02–01
  5. By: ITF
    Abstract: This paper reviews opportunities and challenges for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from Azerbaijan’s transport sector. It provides an overview of Azerbaijan’s transport system and reviews the country’s existing policies and future plans for reducing CO2 emissions from transport. The paper also provides an overview of the data on transport activity and emissions available for Azerbaijan, and the tools used by government agencies for assessing them. Finally, it proposes options for further action in the context of ITF’s “Decarbonising Transport in Emerging Economies” (DTEE) project.
    Date: 2020–12–24
  6. By: Minh Ha-Duong (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - Université Paris-Saclay - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Lan Nguyễn
    Abstract: This dataset an historical list of wind power projects in Vietnam, updated 2021-01-21. The list contains 473 records, among which 381 refer to active projects. It includes the generation capacity, the project's location at the commune level, its stage classified on the Preliminary / Development / Implementation / Operation / Decommission scale, and wether it is onshore, nearshore or offshore. The sample is comprehensive for Implementation and Operation projects. We cover the total project investment cost for 162 records. We obtained the dataset by reviewing only public sources: national power development plan updates, provincial investment plans decisions ; the press and the professional literature. This dataset can be used for energy system research and modeling, for policy analysis at the provincial and national levels, and to better understand the market conditions. It provides an inspirational example of how fast it is possible to switch to renewable energy on a national scale. Climate change mitigation requires more stories like this one.
    Keywords: Wind power,Vietnam,Investment cost,Energy transition
    Date: 2021–02–01

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