nep-ppm New Economics Papers
on Project, Program and Portfolio Management
Issue of 2021‒03‒15
six papers chosen by
Arvi Kuura
Tartu Ülikool

  1. The role of proximity relations in the integration process into the network: an analysis of CEOs’ life narratives By Laura Sabbado; Maud Daniel; Caroline Ruiller; Emmanuelle Fromont; Roselyne Crambert
  2. Do Country Centrality and Similarity to China matter in the Allocation of Belt and Road Projects? By Kaku Attah Damoah,; Giorgia Giovannetti; Enrico Marvasi
  3. Spaces of Intermediation and Political Participation: a Study of KuSumpur pahadI redevelopment project By Naomi Prachi Hazarika
  4. Higher Education and Smart Specialisation in Portugal By Hugo Pinto; Carla Nogueira; John Edwards
  5. Higher Education for Smart Specialisation: The Case of the Northern Netherlands By Paul Benneworth; Eskarne Arregui-Pabollet
  6. Crowdfunding for Independent Parties By A. R. Baghirzade; B. Kushbakov

  1. By: Laura Sabbado (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Maud Daniel; Caroline Ruiller; Emmanuelle Fromont; Roselyne Crambert
    Abstract: This article looks at the collaboration relations of CEOs during different phases of the integration process into a network by using various proximity dimensions. Based on the life narratives of 21 CEO members belonging to a regional network, our study underlines that three integration phases exist, within which different proximity forms are mobilised. Whereas, institutional, personal and social proximities are significant during the entry phase, temporary geographical and cognitive proximities appear to be essential for building collaboration. Moreover, if social and personal dimensions play essential roles in starting collaborations, we note that social proximity remains less decisive for joint collaborative projects. These results enrich recent debates about the dimensions of proximity. They open lines of thinking about ways to encourage the integration of new members.
    Keywords: qualitative analysis,life narrative,network dynamics,Proximity,Network dynamics,Life narrative,Qualitative analysis
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Kaku Attah Damoah,; Giorgia Giovannetti; Enrico Marvasi
    Abstract: We analyze the relationship between trade patterns and the allocation of investment projects carried out under the China-led Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Rooted on a novel database, we construct the intermediate trade network and assess its role in the allocation of the projects. Investments tend to concentrate in countries located in central nodes of the international production networks as well as towards suppliers of intermediate goods whose revealed comparative advantage (RCA) overlaps with China. High income countries closer to destination markets tend to attract fewer but larger investments. Controlling for gravity variables as well as for political proximity to China adds explanatory power without affecting the results on the importance of trade. The BRI represents an opportunity for China to upgrade its exports and for the countries receiving investments to enhance their participation in GVC with possible positive impact on development.
    Keywords: Belt and Road, China, global value chains, trade in intermediates, network-centrality.
    JEL: F14 F15 F21
    Date: 2021
  3. By: Naomi Prachi Hazarika
    Abstract: With the aim to understand the nature of urban politics and spaces of intermediation in informal settlements in the face of a major infrastructural project in New Delhi, this article is a study of the recent “In-Situ Slum Redevelopment and Rehabilitation Policy in Public-Private Partnership 2019” adopted by the Delhi Development Authority. The first section of the article examines how the policy engages with the contours of state-citizen relations on paper. The second section identifies key actors and networks engaged in the process of mobilization in one of the 32 settlements that are slated to be redeveloped under this policy. I argue that this policy denies an interface between residents and the state during the implementation of a large infrastructural project and, moreover, seeks to ‘formalize’ the mode of political participation for residents of informal settlements to be redeveloped.mean-preserving spread in the skills of two children with the same background be recorded favorably. We apply our criteria to the ranking of education systems of 43 countries, taking the PISA score in mathematics as the measure of cognitive skills and the largest of the two parents International Socio Economic Index as the indicator of background. We show that, albeit incomplete, our criteria enables conclusive comparisons of about 19% of all the possible pairs of countries. Education systems of fast-growing Asian economies – in particular Vietnam – appear at the top of our rankings while those of relatively wealthy Arabic countries such as Lebanon, United Arab Emirates and Jordan are at the bottom. The fraction of countries that can be ranked successfully happens to be only mildly increased as a result of adding elitism to the three other principles.
    Keywords: Urban Politics, Urban India, Slum Redevelopment, State-Citizen Relations, Mobilization
    JEL: R23 R31 R38
    Date: 2020–07
  4. By: Hugo Pinto; Carla Nogueira; John Edwards (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: Universities and other higher education institutions (HEIs) are expected to play a catalytic role in S3. They are increasingly being asked to fulfil many new and wide-ranging tasks, probably with an overly optimistic perspective. To be effective in answering to all demands - such as being sources of knowledge, providers of education and training for strategic leaders of regional regeneration, suppliers of knowledge intensive services and infrastructure, local connectors with external knowledge and markets, and also animators of their innovation systems – HEIs face internal and external limitations. This report presents the main results of the JRC project on Higher Education for Smart Specialisation in Portugal. The project intends to help build innovation capabilities by strengthening the participation of HEIs in regional networks; and by promoting the integration of higher education with research, innovation and regional development in the S3 policy mix. The results are divided into two categories. First, a quantitative and descriptive analysis of the publicly available information about the HE system and on the use of European Structural and Investment Funds. Second, the presentation of qualitative results, based on the content analysis of interviews administered to key stakeholders and focus groups conducted in all regions. Results identify aspects for the innovative and transformation potential of Portuguese regions while they also underline contextual and specific problems facing HEIs, while highlighting measures to help overcome these limitations.
    Keywords: Portugal, Higher Education
    Date: 2021–02
  5. By: Paul Benneworth (Western Norway University of Applied Sciences); Eskarne Arregui-Pabollet (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This technical report presents the findings of the case study carried out in Northern Netherlands on the role of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the design and implementation of the Smart Specialisation Strategy (RIS3). It is one of the case studies undertaken in the project Higher Education for Smart Specialisation (HESS), an initiative of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the Directorate General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture. There is a long tradition of higher education in the Northern Netherlands, with the key characteristic of a strong presence of Universities of Applied Sciences and RUG University of Groningen. The regional HEIs are actively involved in strong bilateral collaborations projects and clusters and living labs encouraging collaborations within the regional innovation ecosystems, being part of key innovation ecosystem governance structures. Although regional HEIs have individually been very effective in driving particular projects, there is still not a collective institutional space for HEIs, undermining a strategic agenda for HE in the region. The Northern Netherlands has a strong innovation ecosystem around a number of established sectors where there are robust relationships between HEIs and companies with innovative infrastructure. In the long-standing culture of collaboration of the regional innovation ecosystem, the introduction of the RIS3 has constituted an opportunity to a concerted effort to streamline innovation governance and to integrate activities to stimulate innovation. The key regional economic development issue remains the fact that it is a relatively sparse economic environment, which challenges the regional innovation governance. The Northern Netherlands has the potential to function as a knowledge economy more efficiently at the level of the North through a better integration of the provincial knowledge economies. The connectedness of SMEs into regional innovation networks can be improved building a natural "innovation escalator" by which individual connections with SMEs grow, become networks and evolves into key regional strengths. The region attracts a growing number of talented students, which can help build stronger connections between HEIs and regional innovators to strengthen firms' innovation capacity and help in their retention. Finally, HEIs occupy a strong position in the existing regional innovation ecosystem, as a site for experimentation and reflection, and it is key that they are encouraged to continue that work. The case study has coordinated closely with the ongoing discussions on the new RIS3 for the Multi-annual Financial Framework 2021-2027, contributing with findings that have helped the regional stakeholders in the definition of some of its future elements.
    Keywords: Smart specialisation strategies, higher education institutions, universities, territorial development, human capital, skills, innovation and growth, entrepreneurship
    Date: 2021–02
  6. By: A. R. Baghirzade; B. Kushbakov
    Abstract: Nowadays there are a lot of creative and innovative ideas of business start-ups or various projects starting from a novel or music album and finishing with some innovative goods or website that makes our life better and easier. Unfortunately, young people often do not have enough financial support to bring their ideas to life. The best way to solve particular problem is to use crowdfunding platforms. Crowdfunding itself is a way of financing a project by raising money from a crowd or simply large number of people. It is believed that crowdfunding term appeared at the same time as crowdsourcing in 2006. Its author is Jeff Howe. However, the phenomenon of the national funding, of course, much older. For instance, the construction of the Statue of Liberty in New York, for which funds were collected by the people. Currently, the national project is financed with the use of the Internet. Author of the project in need of funding, can post information about the project on a special website and request sponsorship of the audience. Firstly, author selects the best crowdfunding platform for project requirements and sign in. then he or she creates and draws up the project. The project that is created must correspond to one of the categories available for selection (music, film, publishing, etc.). If you create brand new product, it is necessary to submit the draft-working prototype or sample product. A full list of design rules for a project can be viewed directly on the site of crowdfunding platform. While calculating the cost of project it is necessary to take into account the cost of realization the project, reward for your sponsors, moreover commission of payment systems and taxes. The project is considered successfully launched after it gets through moderation on website.
    Date: 2021–03

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